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3. Olympic Games (Athletics) - Events

Olympic Events in Athletics - Marathon (Women's)

Marathon (Women's)

 
First Gold Medalist
joan benoit wins olympic marathon 1984
 USA Joan Benoit
 

Games: 9 games in 8 countries
First Held: 1984 Summer Games
Last Held: 2016 Summer Games

Participants: 571 from 118 countries
Top Athlete Medalist(s): 4 athletes with 2 medals
Top Country Medalist(s): KEN Kenya (5 medals)

Marathon for Women at Olympics

Marathon for Women: The marathon is a running event of 42.195 kilometer or 26 mile 385 yards length. The origin of the event is Greece. There are many myths about the starting of the marathon race. The event was included in the modern Summer Games as a result of the initiatives taken by Michel Breal of France.

 

The distance covered in the Olympic marathon race was not predetermined. The length of the event depended on the length of the route selected for the race, which varied from venue to venue. In 1921, the distance of the marathon race was specified by the International Amateur Athletic Federation or IAAF to be 42.195 kilometer or 26 mile 385 yards. Some of the major marathon races held at present are staged at New York City, Chicago, London, Boston, Berlin, Washington D.C., Honolulu, Los Angeles, Paris and Rome. The event demands extreme physical and mental strength on the part pf the athletes. They have to be able to endure the suffering during the long race.

Marathon for Women in Summer Olympics: The marathon race was introduced to the women's athletics program at the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Games. After the 1984 Games, the event has been contested regularly at the Summer Games.

Rules for Marathon for Women: The International Association of Athletics Federations or IAAF is authorized to set rules for the track and field events. The rules important for the marathon at the international competitions are -

  • The marathon race has to be staged on made up road. The athletes cannot run on soft or grassy lands.
  • The starting and finishing points of the marathon should be properly and distinctively marked.
  • The distance of the running route in kilometer should be informed to the athletes during the race.
  • Different stages of the race have to be well marked for the convenience of the athletes participating in the event.
  • An athlete competing in the marathon has to leave the race if ordered by an official medical staff.
  • Runners cannot take refreshment at places other than the specified refreshment stations.
  • During the marathon, an athlete can leave the road only with prior permission of a judge. The athlete has to be under supervision of the judge during her stay out of the course, so that she cannot take any short cut route.
  • The athlete, who is unable to finish the race, is not given any credit for her performance.

Medal Winners in the Marathon for Women: Mizuki Noguchi, Naoko Takahashi, Fatuma Roba, Paula RadcliffeValentina Yegorova, Rosa Mota, Joan Benoit, Catherine Ndereba, Lidia Simon, Yuko Arimori, Lisa Martin, Grete Waitz, Deena Kastor, Joyce Chepchumba, Lorraine Moller and Katrin Dorre are the leading athletes in the domain of the marathon race at international level.

london 2012 marathon

Olympic history: Women’s marathon

We take a look at the history of the women’s marathon at the Olympic Games

1984-2012

It wasn’t until 1972 that the Olympics decided that women could run as far as 1500 metres. In just 12 years the distance multiplied by 28.

Less than a year before Munich, no women had ever broken three hours. The world record fell quickly in the rest of the seventies with the first sub-2:35 happening in 1978 by Christa Vahlensieck.

A year later Grete Waitz debuted in New York and reduced the record to 2:32:29.8.

A year later she was back in the Big Apple and this time took a further five minutes off the record with an historic 2:27:32.8.

In 1980, the Norwegian great made it three in a row with 2:25:41.3.

After a gap, Waitz showed slight improvement in London in 1983 to 2:25:28.7 but that record lasted only a day as Joan Benoit recorded a stunning 2:22:43 in Boston.

Later in the year with Benoit absent, Waitz won the first world championships easily.

For the first Olympic marathon in Los Angeles in 1984, Benoit and Waitz were the clear favourites. Most thought the Norwegian would hold the edge as she had never been beaten in a marathon and had beaten Benoit 10 times out of 11 when they had raced each other.

The American was also recovering from undergoing knee surgery just 17 days before the Olympic trials.

The race itself for such an historic one was rather anti-climatic. Benoit pushed hard and broke clear in the fourth kilometre. Waitz thought it was a bluff and too early so let her go.

By 25km the margin was almost two minutes. The Norwegian then sped up and closed some of the gap but was still 86 seconds behind at the finish.

European champion Rosa Mota won the battle for third in defeating future world record-holder Ingrid Kristiansen and in doing so, won Portugal’s first ever women’s athletics medal.

Apart from the winner, much of the attention in the end was focused on the 37th finisher. That was Gabriela Anderson-Schiess. She collapsed on the last lap but staggered on and took almost six minutes to complete the last 400m.

In 1988 in Seoul there was no Benoit or Waitz but Mota, who was the 1987 world champion, was back. She had won the world title by a staggering seven minutes. In Korea, she made a late move and won by 13 seconds from Australia’s Commonwealth champion Lisa Martin.

In Barcelona in 1992, the race looked a lot more open and so it proved. Madina Biktagirova broke clear after halfway and led by over half a minute before Valentina Yegorova caught her and took command and built up a good lead. She was reeled in by Yuko Arimori and it was all decided on the final hill when the Russian attacked but she held on to win by just eight seconds.

Biktagirova was fourth across the line but was disqualified for using a banned stimulant.

There was also a shock in 1996. Uta Pippig, who had won three successive Boston Marathons, pushed clear at halfway but was soon caught by a pack including 1995 world champion Manuela Machado. In the last few miles though it was Fatuma Roba who went ahead and won by exactly two minutes from Yegorova. Arimori also won another medal in third.

Japan did even better in the 2000 Games in Sydney in another close race. Naoko Takahashi had a close battle with Lidia Simon but won with a strong finish to win in 2:23:14. A year later she became the first woman to break 2:20 with 2:19:46.

By the time of Athens in 2004, the clear favourite was Paula Radcliffe, who had improved the world record to an extraordinary 2:15:25.

However injury and then severe stomach problems meant Radcliffe was struggling after halfway, not helped by 35 centigrade heat and she dropped out around the 35 kilometre mark.

The title went to another Japanese Mizuki Noguchi who proved the strongest in defeating world champion Catherine Ndereba and former world record-holder Catherine Ndereba.

Radcliffe returned but again wasn’t at her best in 1992 in Beijing and struggled in 23rd in 2:32:38.

Ndereba again finished second but was well beaten by Constantina Dita Tomescu who put a big move in mid race as she had done in other major races. This time though she kept going to cause a huge upset and won by 22 seconds as China took third and fourth places.

London 2012 was a slow tactical race but Tiki Gelana finished the strongest to win in an Olympic record 2:23:07 just five seconds ahead of Priscah Jeptoo. It was a quality race with the first 20 breaking 2:28.

 

Marathon (Women's) History Year by Year (by IAAF) 1896-2012

 
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Los Angeles, 5 Aug 1984
(Competitors: 50; Countries: 28)

Final Rankings

RANK FINAL TIME
Med 1.png  Joan Benoit (USA) 2:24:52
Med 2.png  Grete Waitz (NOR) 2:26:18
Med 3.png  Rosa Mota (POR) 2:26:57
4.  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR) 2:27:34
5.  Lorraine Moller (NZL) 2:28:34
6.  Priscilla Welch (GBR) 2:28:54
7.  Lisa Martin (AUS) 2:29.03
8.  Sylvie Ruegger (CAN) 2:29:09
9.  Laura Fogli (ITA) 2:29:28
10.  Tujia Toivonen (FIN) 2:32:07
11.  Joyce Smith (GBR) 2:32:48
12.  Alba Milana (ITA) 2:33:01
13.  Dorthe Rasmussen (DEN) 2:33:40
14.  Sarah Rowell (GBR) 2:34:08
15.  Sinikka Keskitalo (FIN) 2:35:15
With a warm (24 °C) overcast day, it was thought that a really fast time was unlikely, but Benoit was of a different mind, and she dominated the race. Benoit moved away from the field after only three miles, leading at 5Km by 6 seconds from Waitz, Kristiansen and Mota. Waitz, the World Champion, felt that the pace was too fast, and she let Benoit move away. The American, who had run a world best 2:22:43 in 1983, increased her pace after passing 10Km in 35:24, covering the next 10Km in an almost unbelievable 33:08. She then led by 1:12 from Mota, with the two Norwegians 60m behind. There was no let up as Benoit ran the next 10Km in 33:51, with the three pursuers together 1:51 behind. Benoit slowed up a little in the fourth 10Km section (34:51), losing 24 seconds, and she finished 1:26 ahead of Waitz, having run the second fastest time ever. The battle for the lesser medals was determined shortly after the 30Km mark, when Waitz went clear of Kristiansen. Mota passed the second string Norwegian after the 40Km mark, setting a Portuguese record in third place. Each of the finishers from fifth to 10th place ran lifetime bests.
Seoul, 23 Sep 1988
(Competitors: 69; Countries: 39)

Final Rankings

RANK FINAL NATION TIME
Med 1.png Rosa Mota Portugal POR 2:25:40
Med 2.png Lisa Martin Australia AUS 2:25:53
Med 3.png Katrin Dörre East Germany GDR 2:26:21
4. Tatyana Polovinskaya Soviet Union URS 2:27:05
5. Zhao Youfeng China CHN 2:27:06
6. Laura Fogli Italy ITA 2:27:49
7. Danièle Kaber Luxembourg LUX 2:29:23
8. Maria Curatolo Italy ITA 2:30:14
9. Zoya Ivanova Soviet Union URS 2:30:25
10. Angie Pain United Kingdom GBR 2:30:51
11. Odette Lapierre Canada CAN 2:30:56
12. Susan Tooby United Kingdom GBR 2:31:33
13. Karolina Szabo Hungary HUN 2:32:26
14. Françoise Bonnet France FRA 2:32:36
15. Lee Mi-Ok South Korea KOR 2:32:51
This was expected to be a four-way battle between Mota, Waitz, Dörre and Martin. A pack of nine runners were together past halfway (1:12:20), and the biggest shock of the race came when Waitz retired at 30Km, due to slow recovery from knee surgery the previous month. By 35Km the top three were accompanied only by Polovinskaya, and the Ukrainian started to drop back just after 36Km. Mota made her break with 4Km to go, and won by 60m from Martin, with Dörre 150m further back.
Barcelona, 1 Aug 1992
(Competitors: 46; Countries: 30)

Final ranking

RANK ATHLETE TIME
Med 1.png  Valentina Yegorova (EUN) 2:32:41
Med 2.png  Yuko Arimori (JPN) 2:32:49
Med 3.png  Lorraine Moller (NZL) 2:33:59
4.  Sachiko Yamashita (JPN) 2:36:26
5.  Katrin Dörre (GER) 2:36:48
6.  Mun Gyong-Ae (PRK) 2:37:03
7.  Manuela Machado (POR) 2:38:22
8.  Ramilya Burangulova (EUN) 2:38:46
9.  Colleen De Reuck (RSA) 2:39:03
10.  Cathy O'Brien (USA) 2:39:42
11.  Karolina Szabó (HUN) 2:40:10
12.  Francie Larrieu Smith (USA) 2:41:09
13.  Sally Eastall (GBR) 2:41:20
14.  Ritva Lemettinen (FIN) 2:41:48
15.  Birgit Jerschabek (GER) 2:42:45
The temperature at the start of the race was 30°C, with humidity over 70%, ensuring a slow race. Seoul silver medallist Lisa Ondieki was cofavourite with World Champion Wanda Panfil (POL). The Australian led to 20Km, reached in 1:14:09 with 15 runners within 10 seconds. Yegorova then made a move just before 25Km and led from her teammate Madina Biktagirova by three seconds. By 30Km the lead was over a minute after a 34:10 10Km section. Ondieki had dropped out and Panfil was almost three minutes behind. Akimori began to close in and caught Yegorova just after 35Km. The two ran together up the long hill towards the stadium, and Yegorova finally broke away 300m before Montjuic stadium. Biktagirova placed fourth in 2:35:59 but was later disqualified for failing a drugs test.
Atlanta, 28 Jul 1996
(Competitors: 87; Countries: 52)

Final ranking

Rank Athlete Time Note
1st, gold medalist(s)  Fatuma Roba (ETH) 2:26:05  
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Valentina Yegorova (RUS) 2:28:05  
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Yuko Arimori (JPN) 2:28:39  
4  Katrin Dörre-Heinig (GER) 2:28:45  
5  Rocío Ríos (ESP) 2:30:50  
6  Lidia Simon (ROU) 2:31:04  
7  Manuela Machado (POR) 2:31:11  
8  Sonja Krolik (GER) 2:31:16  
9  Ren Xiujuan (CHN) 2:31:21  
10  Anne Marie Lauck (USA) 2:31:30  
11  Małgorzata Sobańska (POL) 2:31:52  
12  Izumi Maki (JPN) 2:32:35  
13  Ornella Ferrara (ITA) 2:33:09  
14  Mónica Pont (ESP) 2:33:27  
15  Angelina Kanana (KEN) 2:34:19  
The heat of Atlanta meant that the race needed to start early, and at 7:05 the runners set off with temperatures which would not climb beyond 21°C. Uta Pippig (GER), who had run 2:21:45 in Boston in 1994, went to the front and led past 10Km in 34:37. At 12Km she began to fall back, eventually dropping out. Elana Meyer, silver medallist over m in Barcelona, retired with a damaged Achilles tendon at 15Km. At 18Km Roba made a break, passing 20Km in 1:08:45 with a six second lead over the pack. By 30Km the lead had stretched to 1:01 over Akimori and Yegorova after a 34:12 section. The Ethiopian continued to build the lead, though her pace slowed in the later stages, and she finished exactly two minutes clear of Yegorova. The Russian’s silver medal was the best effort in defence of a title by a female marathon runner. Akimori again placed one position behind Yegorova, though veteran Dörre almost caught her, picking up 13 seconds in the last two kilometres. Roba became the first Ethiopian woman to tin an Olympic gold medal.
Sydney, 24 Sep 2000
(Competitors: 53; Countries: 28)

Final ranking

Rank Athlete Time Note
1st, gold medalist(s)  Naoko Takahashi (JPN) 2:23:14 OR
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Lidia Şimon (ROM) 2:23:22  
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Joyce Chepchumba (KEN) 2:24:45 SB
4  Esther Wanjiru (KEN) 2:26:17  
5  Madina Biktagirova (RUS) 2:26:33 SB
6  Elfenesh Alemu (ETH) 2:26:54  
7  Eri Yamaguchi (JPN) 2:27:03 SB
8  Ham Bong-Sil (PRK) 2:27:07 PB
9  Fatuma Roba (ETH) 2:27:38  
10  Ren Xiujuan (CHN) 2:27:55  
11  Kerryn McCann (AUS) 2:28:37  
12  Maura Viceconte (ITA) 2:29:26  
13  Tegla Loroupe (KEN) 2:29:45  
14  Irina Bogachova (KGZ) 2:29:55  
15  Ari Ichihashi (JPN) 2:30:34  
Marleen Renders of Belgium was the early leader, with a margin of 80m at one point. The pack caught up at 12Km, and Takahashi and her teammate Ari Ichihashi moved to the front at the 20Km point, with only Lidia Simon taking up the challenge. The three passed halfway in 71:45, but Ichihashi was dropped by 25Km. Takahasi and Simon ran together until 35Km when Takahashi opened up a gap of 30m. The gap widened, and though Simon closed slightly in the last 2Km, Takahashi was never threatened. Chepchumba moved into third place after 30k, finishing 92 seconds ahead of fourth place. Tegla Loroupe held the world best (2:20:43) was the favourite, but a bout of food poisoning relegated the Kenyan to 13th place (2:29:45). In all, 14 ran quicker than 0.104166666666667
Athens, 22 Aug 2004
(Competitors: 82; Countries: 48)

Results

Rank Name Nationality Result Notes
1st, gold medalist(s) Mizuki Noguchi Japan 2:26:20  
2nd, silver medalist(s) Catherine Ndereba Kenya 2:26:32  
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Deena Kastor United States 2:27:20 SB
4 Elfenesh Alemu Ethiopia 2:28:15  
5 Reiko Tosa Japan 2:28:44  
6 Olivera Jevtić Serbia and Montenegro 2:31:15  
7 Naoko Sakamoto Japan 2:31:43  
8 Lyudmila Petrova Russia 2:31:56  
9 Svetlana Zakharova Russia 2:32:04  
10 Bruna Genovese Italy 2:32:50  
11 Alice Chelangat Kenya 2:33:52  
12 Zhang Shujing China 2:34:34  
13 Nuța Olaru Romania 2:34:45  
14 Živilė Balčiūnaitė Lithuania 2:35:01  
15 Corinne Raux France 2:35:54  
Paula Radcliffe had dominated the marathon scene after concentrating on the event from 2002, with three of the four fastest ever times, and a world record of 2:15:25 in 2003 which was more than three minutes quicker than anyone else. The pressure to win was immense. The race began cautiously in a temperature of 30°C which would climb to 35° as the race progressed. At 20Km (69:57) the leaders were Alemu, Noguchi, Tosa, Ndereba and Radcliffe. At 25Km Noguchi attacked as the runners went uphill. The sixth 5Km portion took her 16:57, the fastest of the race to that point, bringing Noguchi a lead of 23 seconds over Alemu, with Radcliffe another eight seconds behind. Ndereba was 37 seconds behind Noguchi, and Kastor, running a careful race was 2:11 behind in eighth place. Radcliffe dropped out in turmoil just after 36Km, after being passed by Alemu for third place. Later it was explained that her demise was due to a reaction to an “aggressive line of treatment” of a quadriceps injury which had flared up before the Games. Kastor, now the quickest in the field, ran 16:20 for the 35-40Km segment – the fastest split by any athlete in the race – and passed Alemu just before 41Km. Kastor ran her second half four minutes faster than the first, but still finished a minute behind the resourceful Noguchi, who won Japan’s second consecutive gold medal with 12 seconds to spare over Ndereba.
Beijing, 15 Aug 2008
(Competitors: 82; Countries: 49)

Results

Rank Athlete Country Result Notes[4]
1st, gold medalist(s) Constantina Diṭă-Tomescu Romania 2:26:44 SB
2nd, silver medalist(s) Catherine Ndereba Kenya 2:27:06  
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Zhou Chunxiu China 2:27:07 SB
4 Zhu Xiaolin China 2:27:16 SB
5 Martha Komu Kenya 2:27:23  
6 Mara Yamauchi Great Britain 2:27:29  
7 Irina Timofeyeva Russia 2:27:31  
8 Lidia Șimon Romania 2:27:51  
9 Souad Aït Salem Algeria 2:28:29  
10 Salina Jebet Kosgei Kenya 2:29:28  
11 Živilė Balčiūnaitė Lithuania 2:29:33  
12 Kim Kum-Ok North Korea 2:30:01 SB
13 Yurika Nakamura Japan 2:30:19  
14 Anna Incerti Italy 2:30:55 PB
15 Dire Tune Ethiopia 2:31:16
Nervous of the heat, the runners took the first half slowly. With the temperature warm (22°C) but not stifling, the pace was unsurprisingly cautious. At 10 miles the early leader Liz Yelling (GBR) collided with Gete Wami (ETH) near a drink station and crack a rib. Halfway was passed in 75:11, and by that point Tomescu-Dita had taken the lead. The Romanian had moved clear in two world championships, only to fade badly, and this was thought by watchers to be an insignificant break. In the the meantime Athens medallist Deena Kastor (USA) sustained a broken foot at 5K while world record holder Paula Radcliffe (GBR) was struggling to return from a stress fracture and would end up 23rd. By 35Km (2:02:00) Tomescu-Dita was 70 seconds clear of a pack of eight runners, and there would be no catching the Romanian. At 40Km (2:19:07) she was a minute clear of Zhou and Zhu, with Ndereba and Komu another second behind. The chasers were closing quickly, with Ndereba running the last 2.195Km 39 seconds quicker than the Romanian. No wonder Tomescu-Dita constantly looked over her shoulder, but she retained 22 seconds of her margin to the finish. “I have been caught so often that it was only in the last 200m of the race that I was certain I would win,” she reflected. Ndereba outsprinted Zhou for the silver in the last 100m.
London, 5 Aug 2012
(Athletes: 118; Countries: 67)

Result

  • Entrants as of 27 July 2012.
Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1st, gold medalist(s) Tiki Gelana Ethiopia 2:23:07 OR
2nd, silver medalist(s) Priscah Jeptoo Kenya 2:23:12  
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Tatyana Petrova Arkhipova Russia 2:23:29 PB
4 Mary Keitany Kenya 2:23:56  
5 Tetyana Hamera-Shmyrko Ukraine 2:24:32 NR
6 Zhu Xiaolin China 2:24:48  
7 Jéssica Augusto Portugal 2:25:11  
8 Valeria Straneo Italy 2:25:27  
9 Albina Mayorova Russia 2:25:38  
10 Shalane Flanagan United States 2:25:51  
11 Kara Goucher United States 2:26:07  
12 Helalia Johannes Namibia 2:26:09 NR
13 Marisa Barros Portugal 2:26:13  
14 Irina Mikitenko Germany 2:26:44  
15 Kimberley Smith New Zealand 2:26:59  
All three medalists in the 2011 World Championships had been Kenyans, and two of them – Kiplagat and Jeptoo – were in London along with Keitany, winner of the regular London marathon in April. Others highly regarded included the 2:18:20 performer Lidia Shobukhova (RUS) and the three Ethiopians. The race began in temperate (14°C) wet conditions, and the pace was cautious with four initial 5km splits averaging 17:22 (2:26 pace). Halfway was reached in 73:13 with Shobukhova (73:37) the principal absentee from the leading pack. The tempo was only forced from the 25km mark by which time the six Kenyans or Ethiopians had broken clear. Of that sextet by 30km (1:42:44), Aselefech Mergia (ETH) had dropped back while Arkhipova was closing on the leading Africans.
The surprising Russian went all the way to the front, and at 40km she led with Gelana, Jeptoo and Keitany. Improbably, it was 2:18:37 performer Keitany who was dropped first. Gelana proved the strongest at the finish as the rain fell, winning by the smallest margin in Olympic history with an Olympic record. Jeptoo took silver with Arkhipova third. Improving from 13th at 35km to fifth was Tetyana Gamera-Shmyrko (UKR).
A record 29 women broke 2:30, though this became 28 when Gamera-Shmyrko (2:24:32) was ultimately disqualified for a doping violation, as were non-finisher Shobukhova and four other women.
Rio de Janeiro, 14 Aug 2016
 (Athletes: 157; Countries: 80)

Results

Rank Name Nationality Time Notes
1st place, gold medalist(s) Jemima Sumgong  Kenya 2:24:04  
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Eunice Kirwa  Bahrain 2:24:13  
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Mare Dibaba  Ethiopia 2:24:30  
4 Tirfi Tsegaye  Ethiopia 2:24:47  
5 Volha Mazuronak  Belarus 2:24:48  
6 Shalane Flanagan  United States 2:25:26 SB
7 Desiree Linden  United States 2:26:08 SB
8 Rose Chelimo  Bahrain 2:27:36  
9 Amy Cragg  United States 2:28:25  
10 Kim Hye-song  North Korea 2:28:36 SB
11 Kim Hye-gyong  North Korea 2:28:36  
12 Jeļena Prokopčuka  Latvia 2:29:32  
13 Valeria Straneo  Italy 2:29:44 SB
14 Kayoko Fukushi  Japan 2:29:53  
15 Gladys Tejeda  Peru 2:29:55 SB

At 9:30 in the morning, the race started with temperatures around 19 °C (66 °F). The pack stayed bunched, with Mare Dibaba, Visiline Jepkesho, Rose Chelimo, Volha Mazuronak and Tirfi Tsegaye each taking their turns in the spotlight. The racing got serious, the pack was down to seven at 30 kilometres with American Desiree Linden the closest pursuer but unable to get back with the group. Shalane Flanagan was consistently toward the back of the group, then she began to fall off. As Flanagan and Mazuronak struggled with the group, the remaining five African runners surged, the gap grew. Chelimo was the next to drop off the group.

Eunice Kirwa never held the lead and Jemima Sumgong only asserted herself in the last 5 kilometers. When she did the pack strung out to a straight line, former race walker Mazuronak and Tsegaye falling off the back. At a water station, Dibaba was the last to fall off, and then there were two. World Championship bronze medalist and Nagoya Champion Kirwa shadowing London Champion Sumgong until the final kilometer. Then Sumgong expanded the gap in the long final straight into the finish. By the finish of the race, the temperature had risen to 26 °C (79 °F).

Three sets of twins finished the marathon; two of the Luik triplets from Estonia, the Hahner twins from Germany and the Kim sisters from North Korea.

The medals were presented by Nawal El Moutawakel, IOC member, Morocco and Hiroshi Yokokawa, Council Member of the IAAF.

Marathon (Women's) Progression of Olympic Record

  
Women
Marathon (42.195 metres)
  2.24.52 1     Joan Benoit   USA Los Angeles 1984
  2.23.14 1     Naoko Takahashi   JPN Sydney 2000
  2.23.07 1     Tiki Gelana   ETH London 2012

Marathon (Women's) 200 All time Best Perfomances

  Tiki_Gelana.jpg
  Marathon                  
1 2.23.07   Tiki Gelana 22 Oct 1987 Ethiopia ETH 1 Final London 5 August 2012
2 2.23.12   Priscah Jeptoo 26 Jun 1984 Kenya KEN 2 Final London 5 August 2012
3 2.23.14   Naoko Takahashi 6 May 1972 Japan JPN 1 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
4 2.23.22   Lidia Simon 4 Sep 1973 Romania ROU 2 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
5 2.23.29   Tatyana Arkhipova 8 Apr 1983 Russia RUS 3 Final London 5 August 2012
6 2.23.56   Mary Keitany 18 Jan 1982 Kenya KEN 4 Final London 5 August 2012
7 2.24.04   Jemima Sumgong 21 Dec 1984   KEN 1 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
8 2.24.13   Eunice Jepkirui 20 May 1984   BRN 2 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
9 2.24.30   Mare Dibaba 20 Oct 1989   ETH 3 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
10 2.24.45   Joyce Chepchumba 6 Nov 1970 Kenya KEN 3 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
11 2.24.47   Tirfe Tsegaye 25 Nov 1984   ETH 4 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
12 2.24.48   Zhu Xiaolin 20 Feb 1984 China CHN 5 Final London 5 August 2012
13 2.24.48   Volha Mazuronak 14 Apr 1989   BLR 5 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
14 2.24.52   Joan Samuelson 16 May 1957 United States USA 1 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
15 2.25.11   Jessica Augusto 8 Nov 1981 Portugal POR 6 Final London 5 August 2012
16 2.25.26   Shalane Flanagan 8 Jul 1981   USA 6 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
17 2.25.27   Valeria Straneo 5 Apr 1976 Italy ITA 7 Final London 5 August 2012
18 2.25.38   Albina Mayorova 16 May 1977 Russia RUS 8 Final London 5 August 2012
19 2.25.40   Rosa Mota 29 Jun 1958 Portugal POR 1 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
20 2.25.51   Shalane Flanagan 8 Jul 1981 United States USA 9 Final London 5 August 2012
21 2.25.53   Lisa Ondieki 12 May 1960 Australia AUS 2 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
22 2.26.05   Fatuma Roba 18 Dec 1970 Ethiopia ETH 1 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
23 2.26.07   Kara Goucher 9 Jul 1978 United States USA 10 Final London 5 August 2012
24 2.26.08   Desiree Linden 26 Jul 1983   USA 7 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
25 2.26.09   Helaria Johannes 13 Aug 1980 Namibia NAM 11 Final London 5 August 2012
26 2.26.13   Marisa Barros 25 Feb 1980 Portugal POR 12 Final London 5 August 2012
27 2.26.17   Esther Wanjiru-Maina 27 Mar 1977 Kenya KEN 4 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
28 2.26.18   Grete Waitz 1 Oct 1953 Norway NOR 2 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
29 2.26.20   Mizuki Noguchi 3 Jul 1978 Japan JPN 1 Final Athens 22 August 2004
30 2.26.21   Katrin Dörre-Heinig 6 Oct 1961 East Germany GDR 3 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
31 2.26.32   Catherine Ndereba 21 Jul 1972 Kenya KEN 2 Final Athens 22 August 2004
32 2.26.33   Madina Biktagirova 20 Sep 1964 Russia RUS 5 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
33 2.26.44   Constantina Dita 23 Jan 1970 Romania ROU 1 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
34 2.26.44   Irina Mikitenko 23 Aug 1972 Germany GER 13 Final London 5 August 2012
35 2.26.57   Rosa Mota 29 Jun 1958 Portugal POR 3 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
36 2.26.59   Kim Smith 19 Nov 1981 New Zealand NZL 14 Final London 5 August 2012
37 2.27.03   Eri Yamaguchi 14 Jan 1973 Japan JPN 7 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
38 2.27.05   Tatyana Dzhabraylova 14 Mar 1965 Soviet Union URS 4 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
39 2.27.06   Catherine Ndereba 21 Jul 1972 Kenya KEN 2 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
40 2.27.06   Zhao Youfeng 5 May 1965 China CHN 5 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
41 2.27.07   Zhou Chunxiu 15 Nov 1978 China CHN 3 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
42 2.27.07   Ham Bong Sil 8 Jul 1974 North Korea PRK 8 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
43 2.27.16   Zhu Xiaolin 20 Feb 1984 China CHN 4 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
44 2.27.16   Ryoko Kizaki 21 Jun 1985 Japan JPN 15 Final London 5 August 2012
45 2.27.20   Deena Kastor 14 Feb 1973 United States USA 3 Final Athens 22 August 2004
46 2.27.23   Martha Komu 23 Mar 1983 Kenya KEN 5 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
47 2.27.29   Mara Yamauchi 13 Aug 1973 Great Britain GBR 6 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
48 2.27.31   Irina Timofeyeva 5 Apr 1970 Russia RUS 7 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
49 2.27.32   Lisa Weightman 16 Jan 1979 Australia AUS 16 Final London 5 August 2012
50 2.27.34   Ingrid Kristiansen 21 Mar 1956 Norway NOR 4 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
51 2.27.36   Isabellah Andersson 12 Nov 1980 Sweden SWE 17 Final London 5 August 2012
52 2.27.36   Rose Chelimo 12 Jul 1989   BRN 8 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
53 2.27.38   Fatuma Roba 18 Dec 1970 Ethiopia ETH 9 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
54 2.27.43   Yoshimi Ozaki 1 Jul 1981 Japan JPN 18 Final London 5 August 2012
55 2.27.49   Laura Fogli 5 Oct 1959 Italy ITA 6 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
56 2.27.51   Lidia Simon 4 Sep 1973 Romania ROU 8 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
57 2.27.52   Edna Kiplagat 15 Sep 1979 Kenya KEN 19 Final London 5 August 2012
58 2.27.55   Ren Xiujuan 14 Sep 1974 China CHN 10 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
59 2.28.05   Valentina Yegorova 16 Feb 1964 Russia RUS 2 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
60 2.28.12   Dulce Félix 23 Oct 1982 Portugal POR 20 Final London 5 August 2012
61 2.28.15   Elfenesh Alemu 10 Jun 1975 Ethiopia ETH 4 Final Athens 22 August 2004
62 2.28.21   Wang Xueqin 1 Jan 1991 China CHN 21 Final London 5 August 2012
63 2.28.25   Amy Cragg 21 Jan 1984   USA 9 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
64 2.28.29   Souad Aït Salem 6 Jan 1979 Algeria ALG 9 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
65 2.28.34   Lorraine Moller 1 Jun 1955 New Zealand NZL 5 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
66 2.28.36   Kim Hye Song 9 Mar 1993   PRK 10 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
67 2.28.36   Kim Hye Gyong 9 Mar 1993   PRK 11 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
68 2.28.37   Kerryn McCann 2 May 1967 Australia AUS 11 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
69 2.28.39   Yuko Arimori 17 Dec 1966 Japan JPN 3 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
70 2.28.44   Reiko Tosa 11 Jun 1976 Japan JPN 5 Final Athens 22 August 2004
71 2.28.45   Katrin Dörre-Heinig 6 Oct 1961 Germany GER 4 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
72 2.28.48   Mare Dibaba 20 Oct 1989 Ethiopia ETH 22 Final London 5 August 2012
73 2.28.52   Hilda Kibet 27 Mar 1981 Netherlands NED 23 Final London 5 August 2012
74 2.28.54   Cilla Welch 22 Nov 1944 Great Britain GBR 6 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
75 2.28.54   Inés Melchor 30 Aug 1986 Peru PER 24 Final London 5 August 2012
76 2.29.03   Lisa Ondieki 12 May 1960 Australia AUS 7 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
77 2.29.09   Sylvia Ruegger 23 Feb 1961 Canada CAN 8 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
78 2.29.19   Alessandra Aguilar 1 Jul 1978 Spain ESP 25 Final London 5 August 2012
79 2.29.23   Danièle Kaber 20 Apr 1960 Luxembourg LUX 7 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
80 2.29.26   Maura Viceconte 3 Oct 1967 Italy ITA 12 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
81 2.29.28   Laura Fogli 5 Oct 1959 Italy ITA 9 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
82 2.29.28   Salina Kosgei 16 Nov 1976 Kenya KEN 10 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
83 2.29.29   Rasa Drazdauskaitė 20 Mar 1981 Lithuania LTU 26 Final London 5 August 2012
84 2.29.32   Diana Lobacevske 7 Aug 1980 Lithuania LTU 27 Final London 5 August 2012
85 2.29.32   Jeļena Prokopčuka 21 Sep 1976   LAT 12 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
86 2.29.33   Živilė Balčiūnaitė 3 Apr 1979 Lithuania LTU 11 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
87 2.29.38   Anna Incerti 19 Jan 1980 Italy ITA 28 Final London 5 August 2012
88 2.29.44   Valeria Straneo 5 Apr 1976   ITA 13 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
89 2.29.45   Tegla Loroupe 9 May 1973 Kenya KEN 13 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
90 2.29.53   Kayoko Fukushi 25 Mar 1982   JPN 14 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
91 2.29.55   Irina Bogachova 30 May 1961 Kyrgyzstan KGZ 14 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
92 2.29.55   Gladys Tejeda 30 Sep 1985   PER 15 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
93 2.30.01   Kim Kum Ok 9 Dec 1985 North Korea PRK 12 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
94 2.30.09   Rosaria Console 17 Dec 1979 Italy ITA 29 Final London 5 August 2012
95 2.30.13   Diane Nukuri 1 Dec 1984 Burundi BDI 30 Final London 5 August 2012
96 2.30.14   Maria Curatolo 12 Oct 1963 Italy ITA 8 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
97 2.30.19   Yurika Nakamura 1 Apr 1986 Japan JPN 13 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
98 2.30.22   Susanne Hahn 23 Apr 1978 Germany GER 31 Final London 5 August 2012
99 2.30.25   Zoya Ivanova 14 Mar 1952 Soviet Union URS 9 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
100 2.30.25   Nastassia Ivanova 4 Nov 1982 Belarus BLR 32 Final London 5 August 2012
101 2.30.26   Sviatlana Kouhan 10 Aug 1980 Belarus BLR 33 Final London 5 August 2012
102 2.30.34   Ari Ichihashi 22 Nov 1977 Japan JPN 15 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
103 2.30.39   Dulce Félix 23 Oct 1982   POR 16 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
104 2.30.48   Diana Lobacevske 7 Aug 1980   LTU 17 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
105 2.30.50   Rocío Rios 13 Mar 1969 Spain ESP 5 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
106 2.30.51   Angie Hulley 8 Feb 1962 Great Britain GBR 10 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
107 2.30.51   Adriana Fernández 4 Apr 1971 Mexico MEX 16 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
108 2.30.51   Renè Kalmer 3 Nov 1980 South Africa RSA 34 Final London 5 August 2012
109 2.30.53   Milly Clark 1 Mar 1989   AUS 18 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
110 2.30.54   Judit Földing-Nagy 9 Dec 1965 Hungary HUN 17 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
111 2.30.55   Anna Incerti 19 Jan 1980 Italy ITA 14 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
112 2.30.56   Odette Lapierre 28 Jan 1955 Canada CAN 11 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
113 2.30.57   Karolina Nadolska 6 Sep 1981 Poland POL 35 Final London 5 August 2012
114 2.31.04   Lidia Simon 4 Sep 1973 Romania ROU 6 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
115 2.31.11   Manuela Machado 9 Aug 1963 Portugal POR 7 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
116 2.31.12   Tomomi Tanaka 25 Jan 1988   JPN 19 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
117 2.31.15   Olivera Jevtić 24 Jul 1977 Serbia & Montenegro SCG 6 Final Athens 22 August 2004
118 2.31.15   Souad Aït Salem 6 Jan 1979 Algeria ALG 36 Final London 5 August 2012
119 2.31.16   Sonja Oberem 24 Feb 1973 Germany GER 8 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
120 2.31.16   Dire Tune 19 May 1985 Ethiopia ETH 15 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
121 2.31.16   Nina Rillstone 15 Apr 1975 New Zealand NZL 16 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
122 2.31.16   Beata Naigambo 11 Mar 1980 Namibia NAM 37 Final London 5 August 2012
123 2.31.17   Jessica Trengove 15 Aug 1987 Australia AUS 38 Final London 5 August 2012
124 2.31.21   Ren Xiujuan 14 Sep 1974 China CHN 9 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
125 2.31.22   Fionnuala McCormack 24 Sep 1984   IRL 20 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
126 2.31.30   Anne Marie Lauck 7 Mar 1969 United States USA 10 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
127 2.31.31   Bruna Genovese 24 Sep 1976 Italy ITA 17 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
128 2.31.32   Ornella Ferrara 17 Apr 1968 Italy ITA 18 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
129 2.31.33   Susan Tooby 24 Oct 1960 Great Britain GBR 12 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
130 2.31.35   Chris Clark 10 Oct 1962 United States USA 19 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
131 2.31.40   Jong Yong Ok 24 Jan 1981 North Korea PRK 20 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
132 2.31.41   Luminita Talpoş 9 Oct 1972 Romania ROU 18 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
133 2.31.41   Iwona Lewandowska 19 Feb 1985   POL 21 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
134 2.31.43   Naoko Sakamoto 14 Nov 1980 Japan JPN 7 Final Athens 22 August 2004
135 2.31.43   Jess Draskau-Petersson 8 Sep 1977 Denmark DEN 39 Final London 5 August 2012
136 2.31.44   Jessica Trengove 15 Aug 1987   AUS 22 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
137 2.31.47   Madaí Pérez 2 Feb 1980 Mexico MEX 19 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
138 2.31.48   Christelle Daunay 5 Dec 1974 France FRA 20 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
139 2.31.52   Małgorzata Sobańska 25 Apr 1969 Poland POL 11 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
140 2.31.56   Lyudmila Petrova 7 Oct 1968 Russia RUS 8 Final Athens 22 August 2004
141 2.31.58   Chung Yoon-Hee 3 Jan 1983 South Korea KOR 40 Final London 5 August 2012
142 2.32.03   Aselefech Mergia 23 Jan 1985 Ethiopia ETH 41 Final London 5 August 2012
143 2.32.04   Svetlana Zakharova 11 Apr 1970 Russia RUS 9 Final Athens 22 August 2004
144 2.32.06   Benita Willis 6 May 1979 Australia AUS 21 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
145 2.32.07   Tuija Toivonen 1 Mar 1958 Finland FIN 10 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
146 2.32.07   Gladys Tejeda 30 Sep 1985 Peru PER 42 Final London 5 August 2012
147 2.32.14   Freya Murray-Ross 20 Sep 1983 Great Britain GBR 43 Final London 5 August 2012
148 2.32.16   Svetlana Zakharova 11 Apr 1970 Russia RUS 22 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
149 2.32.26   Karolina Szabó 17 Nov 1961 Hungary HUN 13 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
150 2.32.29   Manuela Machado 9 Aug 1963 Portugal POR 21 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
151 2.32.29   Nadezhda Wijenberg 2 Apr 1964 Netherlands NED 22 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
152 2.32.35   Izumi Maki 10 Dec 1968 Japan JPN 12 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
153 2.32.35   Lyubov Morgunova 14 Jan 1971 Russia RUS 23 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
154 2.32.36   Françoise Bonnet 8 Apr 1957 France FRA 14 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
155 2.32.38   Paula Radcliffe 17 Dec 1973 Great Britain GBR 23 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
156 2.32.39   Monika Stefanowicz 15 May 1980 Poland POL 24 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
157 2.32.41   Valentina Yegorova 16 Feb 1964 Russia RUS 1 Final Barcelona 1 August 1992
158 2.32.46   Lidia Simon 4 Sep 1973 Romania ROU 44 Final London 5 August 2012
159 2.32.48   Joyce Smith 26 Oct 1937 Great Britain GBR 11 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
160 2.32.49   Yuko Arimori 17 Dec 1966 Japan JPN 2 Final Barcelona 1 August 1992
161 2.32.49   Monika Stefanowicz 15 May 1980   POL 23 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
162 2.32.50   Bruna Genovese 24 Sep 1976 Italy ITA 10 Final Athens 22 August 2004
163 2.32.51   Lee Mi-Ok 10 Mar 1968 South Korea KOR 15 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
164 2.33.01   Alba Milana 17 Mar 1959 Italy ITA 12 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
165 2.33.07   Lee Eun-Jung 21 Apr 1981 South Korea KOR 25 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
166 2.33.08   Marisol Romero 26 Nov 1983 Mexico MEX 45 Final London 5 August 2012
167 2.33.08   Lanni Marchant 11 Apr 1984   CAN 24 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
168 2.33.09   Ornella Ferrara 17 Apr 1968 Italy ITA 13 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
169 2.33.12   Liz Yelling 5 Dec 1974 Great Britain GBR 26 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
170 2.33.13   Blake Russell 24 Jul 1975 United States USA 27 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
171 2.33.15   Adriana da Silva 22 Jul 1981 Brazil BRA 46 Final London 5 August 2012
172 2.33.19   Raisa Smekhnova 16 Sep 1950 Soviet Union URS 16 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
173 2.33.26   Olena Burkovska 9 Aug 1981 Ukraine UKR 47 Final London 5 August 2012
174 2.33.27   Mónica Pont 3 Jun 1969 Spain ESP 14 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
175 2.33.29   Beata Naigambo 11 Mar 1980 Namibia NAM 28 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
176 2.33.29   Catherine Bertone 6 May 1972   ITA 25 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
177 2.33.30   Kim Kum Ok 9 Dec 1985 North Korea PRK 48 Final London 5 August 2012
178 2.33.30   Karina Pérez 4 Oct 1982 Mexico MEX 49 Final London 5 August 2012
179 2.33.31   Vincenza Sicari 19 Mar 1979 Italy ITA 29 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
180 2.33.32   Dorota Gruca 5 Dec 1970 Poland POL 30 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
181 2.33.33   Erika Abril 29 Mar 1978 Colombia COL 50 Final London 5 August 2012
182 2.33.35   Tetyana Zahriichuk 5 Apr 1984 Ukraine UKR 31 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
183 2.33.40   Dorthe Rasmussen 27 Jan 1960 Denmark DEN 13 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
184 2.33.42   Nancy Ditz 25 Jun 1954 United States USA 17 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
185 2.33.45   Sonja Oberem 24 Feb 1973 Germany GER 24 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
186 2.33.47   Maria Lelut-Rebelo 29 Jan 1956 France FRA 18 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
187 2.33.51   Eva Vrabcová-Nývltová 6 Feb 1986   CZE 26 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
188 2.33.52   Alice Chelagat 27 Dec 1976 Kenya KEN 11 Final Athens 22 August 2004
189 2.33.54   Martha Tenorio 6 Aug 1967 Ecuador ECU 25 Final Sydney 24 September 2000
190 2.33.59   Lorraine Moller 1 Jun 1955 New Zealand NZL 3 Final Barcelona 1 August 1992
191 2.34.02   Jocelyn Villeton 17 Sep 1954 France FRA 19 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
192 2.34.03   Lisa Nemec 18 May 1984 Croatia CRO 51 Final London 5 August 2012
193 2.34.05   Lilia Fiscovici 29 Mar 1989   MDA 27 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
194 2.34.08   Sarah Rowell 19 Nov 1962 Great Britain GBR 14 Final Los Angeles 5 August 1984
195 2.34.08   Marisa Barros 25 Feb 1980 Portugal POR 32 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
196 2.34.11   Alyson Dixon 24 Sep 1978   GBR 28 Final Rio de Janeiro 14 August 2016
197 2.34.16   Lisa Weightman 16 Jan 1979 Australia AUS 33 Final Beijing 17 August 2008
198 2.34.19   Angelina Kanana 16 Dec 1965 Kenya KEN 15 Final Atlanta 28 July 1996
199 2.34.23   Maria Conceição Ferreira 13 Mar 1962 Portugal POR 20 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
200 2.34.26   Kerstin Preßler 2 Feb 1962 West Germany FRG 21 Final Seoul 23 September 1988
 
 

 

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