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1936 Athletics Summary in Olympics

Info about the Games    
Host City: Berlin, Germany Participants: 776 (678 men and 98 women) from 43 countries  poster1936.jpg
Date Started: August 2, 1936 Youngest Participant: JPN Ko Nakamura-Yoshino (16 years, 104 days)
Date Finished: August 9, 1936 Oldest Participant: CAN Percy Wyer (52 years, 199 days)
Events: 29 Most Medals (Athlete): USA Jesse Owens (4 medals)
  Most Medals (Country): USA United States (25 medals)
   
Venue

 Olympic Stadium (capacity 100.000)

Avus Motor Road (Marathon, 50 km walk)

 400 m
 1936_olympic_stadium.jpg
Year Dates City Venue Countries Athletes Men Women Events (Men/Women)
1936 Aug 2-9 Berlin,GER Olympic Stadium 43 776 678 98 29 23/6
Athletics at the
1936 Olympic Games Berlin, Germany
Men's 100 m Women's 100 m
Men's 200 m Women's 80 m Hurdles
Men's 400 m Women's 4 x 100 m
Men's 800 m Women's High Jump
Men's 1500 m Women's Discus Throw
Men's 5000 m Women's Javelin Throw
Men's 10000 m
Men's 110 m Hurdles
Men's 400 m Hurdles
Men's 3000 m steeple
Men's 4 x 100 m
Men's 4 x 400 m
Men's Marathon
Men's 50 km Walk
Men's High Jump
Men's Pole Vault
Men's Long Jump
Men's Triple Jump
Men's Shot Put
Men's Discus Throw
Men's Hammer Throw
Men's Javelin Throw
Men's Decathlon
August 3, 1936. American track and field athlete, Jesse Owens, wins the 100 meter dash at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany.
 

Overview

 
The 1936 Olympics are often considered the most controversial Olympics ever, because they were held as a showcase to the Third Reich, its leader, Adolf Hitler, and his theories of Aryan supremacy. In many countries, there were calls to boycott the Berlin Games, but among the major countries, only Spain did not compete, as it was mired in its own Civil War. Before the Olympics, critics of German racial theories received support when Gretel Bergmann, the top German distaff high jumper, but also a Jew, was not chosen for the German team, although her marks for the year were better than any other German. Despite the controversy, [Jesse Owens] showed the Germans that their theories of Aryan supremacy were, well, basically a crock. He was superlative in winning the 100 metres, 200 metres, long jump, and running on the winning 4x100 metre relay team. The Americans also had several other Black stars – [Archie Williams] won the 400, [Corny Johnson] narrowly defeated [Dave Albritton] in the high jump, and [Ralph Metcalfe] and [Mack Robinson] placed second to Owns in the 100 and 200. As a group, they mocked Hitler’s theories. On the first day of track & field competition, Hitler greeted several German athletes in his private box. The story is often told that he then snubbed Owens when he won the 100 metres, but in actuality, if he snubbed anyone, it was Corny Johnson after his high jump gold medal. After the first day of athletics competition, Hitler was asked by IOC President Henri Baillet de Latour to either greet and congratulate all the victors or none of them, rather than singling out the German champions. Rumors persist that Hitler responded by meeting the German champions underneath the stands but these have never been proven.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

At the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, 29 athletics events were contested, 23 for men and 6 for women. The program of events was unchanged from the previous Games. There was a total of 776 participants from 43 countries competing.

Medal summary

Men

Women

EventGoldSilverBronze
100 metres
details
Jesse Owens
 United States
10.3 Ralph Metcalfe
 United States
10.4 Tinus Osendarp
 Netherlands
10.5
200 metres
details
Jesse Owens
 United States
20.7 Mack Robinson
 United States
21.1 Tinus Osendarp
 Netherlands
21.3
400 metres
details
Archie Williams
 United States
46.5 Godfrey Brown
 Great Britain
46.7 James LuValle
 United States
46.8
800 metres
details
John Woodruff
 United States
1:52.9 Mario Lanzi
 Italy
1:53.3 Phil Edwards
 Canada
1:53.6
1500 metres
details
Jack Lovelock
 New Zealand
3:47.8 Glenn Cunningham
 United States
3:48.4 Luigi Beccali
 Italy
3:49.2
5000 metres
details
Gunnar Höckert
 Finland
14:22.2 Lauri Lehtinen
 Finland
14:25.8 Henry Jonsson
 Sweden
14:29.0
10,000 metres
details
Ilmari Salminen
 Finland
30:15.4 Arvo Askola
 Finland
30:15.6 Volmari Iso-Hollo
 Finland
30:20.2
110 metres hurdles
details
Forrest Towns
 United States
14.2 Don Finlay
 Great Britain
14.4 Fritz Pollard
 United States
14.4
400 metres hurdles
details
Glenn Hardin
 United States
52.4 John Loaring
 Canada
52.7 Miguel White
 Philippines
52.8
3000 metres steeplechase
details
Volmari Iso-Hollo
 Finland
9:03.8 Kaarlo Tuominen
 Finland
9:06.8 Alfred Dompert
 Germany
9:07.2
4 × 100 meters relay
details
 United States (USA)
Jesse Owens
Ralph Metcalfe
Foy Draper
Frank Wykoff
39.8  Italy (ITA)
Orazio Mariani
Gianni Caldana
Elio Ragni
Tullio Gonnelli
41.1  Germany (GER)
Wilhelm Leichum
Erich Borchmeyer
Erwin Gillmeister
Gerd Hornberger
41.2
4 × 400 meters relay
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Freddie Wolff
Godfrey Rampling
Bill Roberts
Godfrey Brown
3:09.0  United States (USA)
Harold Cagle
Robert Young
Edward O’Brien
Alfred Fitch
3:11.0  Germany (GER)
Helmut Hamann
Friedrich Von Stülpnagel
Harry Voigt
Rudolf Harbig
3:11.8
Marathon
details
 Son Kitei (JPN)[1] 2:29:19.2  Ernest Harper (GBR) 2:31:23.2  Nan Shoryu (JPN)[1] 2:31:42.0
50 kilometres walk
details
Harold Whitlock
 Great Britain
4:30:41.4 Arthur Tell Schwab
 Switzerland
4:32:09.2 Adalberts Bubenko
 Latvia
4:32:42.2
Long jump
details
Jesse Owens
 United States
8.06 m Luz Long
 Germany
7.87 m Naoto Tajima
 Japan
7.74 m
Triple jump
details
Naoto Tajima
 Japan
16.00 m Masao Harada
 Japan
15.66 m Jack Metcalfe
 Australia
15.50 m
High jump
details
Cornelius Johnson
 United States
2.03 m Dave Albritton
 United States
2.00 m Delos Thurber
 United States
2.00 m
Pole vault
details
Earle Meadows
 United States
4.35 m Shuhei Nishida
 Japan
4.25 m Sueo Ōe
 Japan
4.25 m
Shot put
details
Hans Woellke
 Germany
16.20 m Sulo Bärlund
 Finland
16.12 m Gerhard Stöck
 Germany
15.66 m
Discus throw
details
Ken Carpenter
 United States
50.48 m Gordon Dunn
 United States
49.36 m Giorgio Oberweger
 Italy
49.23 m
Javelin throw
details
Gerhard Stöck
 Germany
71.84 m Yrjo Nikkanen
 Finland
70.77 m Kalervo Toivonen
 Finland
70.72 m
Hammer throw
details
Karl Hein
 Germany
56.49 m Erwin Blask
 Germany
55.04 m Fred Warngård
 Sweden
54.83 m
Decathlon
details
Glenn Morris
 United States
7900 Bob Clark
 United States
7601 Jack Parker
 United States
7275
EventGoldSilverBronze
100 metres
details
Helen Stephens
 United States
11.5 Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
11.7 Käthe Krauß
 Germany
11.9
80 metres hurdles
details
Trebisonda Valla
 Italy
11.7 Anni Steuer
 Germany
11.7 Betty Taylor
 Canada
11.7
4 × 100 metres relay
details
 United States (USA)
Harriet Bland
Annette Rogers
Betty Robinson
Helen Stephens
46.9  Great Britain (GBR)
Eileen Hiscock
Violet Olney
Audrey Brown
Barbara Burke
47.6  Canada (CAN)
Dorothy Brookshaw
Mildred Dolson
Hilda Cameron
Aileen Meagher
47.8
High jump
details
Ibolya Csák
 Hungary
1.60 m Dorothy Odam
 Great Britain
1.60 m Elfriede Kaun
 Germany
1.60 m
Discus throw
details
Gisela Mauermayer
 Germany
47.63 m Jadwiga Wajsówna
 Poland
46.22 m Paula Mollenhauer
 Germany
39.80 m
Javelin throw
details
Tilly Fleischer
 Germany
45.18 m Luise Krüger
 Germany
43.29 m Maria Kwaśniewska
 Poland
41.80 m

Records broken

20 new Olympic records and 6 new world records were set in the athletics events.

Men's Olympic and world records

Women's Olympic and world records

EventDateRoundNameNationalityResultORWR
200 metres 5 August Final Jesse Owens United States 20.7 OR  
1500 metres 6 August Final Jack Lovelock New Zealand 3:47.8 OR WR
5000 metres 7 August Final Gunnar Höckert Finland 14:22.2 OR  
110 metres hurdles 6 August Semi-final Forrest Towns United States 14.1 OR WR
3000 metres steeplechase 8 August Final Volmari Iso-Hollo Finland 9:03.8 OR  
Was a "world best" time as world records were not yet recognised for the event.        
4 × 100 metres relay 9 August Final Jesse Owens
Ralph Metcalfe
Foy Draper
Frank Wykoff
United States 39.8 OR WR
Marathon 9 August Final Son Kitei Japan 2:29:19.2 OR  
50 kilometres walk 5 August Final Harold Whitlock Great Britain 4:30:41.4 OR  
Long jump 4 August Final Jesse Owens United States 8.06 m OR  
Wind-aided mark recognised as Olympic record.              
Triple jump 6 August Final Naoto Tajima Japan 16.00 m OR WR
High jump 2 August Final Cornelius Johnson United States 2.03 m OR  
Pole vault 5 August Final Earle Meadows United States 4.35 m OR  
Shot put 2 August Final Hans Woellke United States 16.20 m OR  
Discus throw 5 August Final Ken Carpenter United States 50.48 m OR  
Hammer throw 3 August Final Karl Hein Germany 56.49 m OR  
Decathlon 8 August Final Glenn Morris United States 7900 OR WR
EventDateRoundNameNationalityResultORWR
80 metres hurdles 5 August Semi-final Trebisonda Valla Italy 11.6 OR  
Wind-aided mark recognised as Olympic record.              
4 × 100 metres relay 8 August Heats Emmy Albus
Käthe Krauß
Marie Dollinger
Ilse Dörffeldt
Germany 46.4 OR WR
Discus throw 4 August Final Gisela Mauermayer Germany 47.63 m OR  
Javelin throw 2 August Final Tilly Fleischer Germany 45.18 m OR  

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA) 14 7 4 25
2  Germany (GER) 5 4 7 16
3  Finland (FIN) 3 5 2 10
4  Great Britain (GBR) 2 5 0 7
5  Japan (JPN)  2 2 3 7
  Both Sohn Kee-chung (Son Kitei) and Nam Sung-yong (Nan Shoryu) were from Korea. The IOC credits both medals to Japan due to Korea being a Japanese colony at the time. All Korean Olympians during the Japanese colonial rule could only participate in the Games as a representative of Japan and Japan required them to use the Japanese forms of their names. However, some sources still refer to Son Kitei as the first Korean to win an Olympic marathon.
6  Italy (ITA) 1 2 2 5
7  Hungary (HUN) 1 0 0 1
 New Zealand (NZL) 1 0 0 1
9  Poland (POL) 0 2 1 3
10  Canada (CAN) 0 1 3 4
11  Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 0 1
12  Netherlands (NED) 0 0 2 2
 Sweden (SWE) 0 0 2 2
14  Philippines (PHI) 0 0 1 1
 Latvia (LAT) 0 0 1 1
 Australia (AUS) 0 0 1 1
PLACING TABLES
Berlin 1936
Overall Gold Silver Bronze 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Medals Points
USA 14 7 4 5 7+1= 5 2 5+2 25 265.4
GER 5 4 7 3+1= 2 4+1= 3 1 16 158
FIN 3 5 2 4 2 1+1= - - 10 103.5
JPN 2 2 3 3 3 1+3= - - 7 81.5
GBR 2 5 - 1 2 1+1= 1 1= 7 69.7
CAN - 1 3 1 4 2+1= - 1= 4 52.7
ITA 1 2 2 2+1= - 1= 1 - 5 51.0
SWE - - 2 2 1 3+1= 2 1 2 40.5
NED - - 2 - 3+1= 1 1 1 2 33
POL - 2 1 1 1 1= 1 - 3 31.5
SUI - 1 - 1 - 1 1 - 1 17
HUN 1 - - - - 1+2= 1 1 1 15.1
AUS - - 1 - 1= - - 1 1 10
ARG - - - 1 - 1 1 - 0 10
NOR - - - 1 1 - - - 0 9
NZL 1 - - - - - - - 1 8
LAT - - 1 - - - 1 - 1 8
FRA - - - 1 - - - 3 0 8
TCH - - - 1 - 1= 1 - 0 7.5
AUT - - - 1 - 2= - 1= 0 6.3
PHI - - 1 - - - - - 1 6
GRE - - - - - 2 - - 0 6
BRA - - - - 1 - - - 0 4
RSA - - - - - 1 - 1 0 4
EST - - - - - - - 2 0 2
Totals 29 29 29 28+2= 27+3= 24+15= 16 16+5= 87 1008
                     
Men Gold Silver Bronze 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Medals Points
USA 12 7 4 5 6 5 1 4 23 239
FIN 3 5 2 4 2 1+1= - - 10 103.5
GER 3 2 4 2+1= 2 1+1= 3 1 9 96
JPN 2 2 3 2 1 1+3= - - 7 68.5
GBR 2 3 - 1 2 1+1= 1 - 5 55.5
CAN - 1 1 1 4 2+1= - - 2 40.5
SWE - - 2 2 1 2+1= 2 1 2 37.5
ITA - 2 2 1= - 1= 1 - 4 33.0
NED - - 2 - 1 1 - - 2 19
SUI - 1 - 1 - 1 1 - 1 17
POL - - - 1 1 1= 1 - 0 11.5
ARG - - - 1 - 1 1 - 0 10
NOR - - - 1 1 - - - 0 9
NZL 1 - - - - - - - 1 8
LAT - - 1 - - - 1 - 1 8
TCH - - - 1 - 1= 1 - 0 7.5
HUN - - - - - 1+2= 1 1 0 7.1
AUS - - 1 - - - - 1 1 7
PHI - - 1 - - - - - 1 6
GRE - - - - - 2 - - 0 6
BRA - - - - 1 - - - 0 4
RSA - - - - - 1 - 1 0 4
FRA - - - - - - - 3 0 3
EST - - - - - - - 2 0 2
AUT - - - - - 2= - - 0 1.1
Totals 23 23 23 22+2= 22 20+15= 14 14 69 804
                     
Women Gold Silver Bronze 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Medals Points
GER 2 2 3 1 - 3 - - 7 62
USA 2 - - - 1+1= - 1 1+2= 2 26.4
POL - 2 1 - - - - - 3 20
ITA 1 - - 2 - - - - 1 18
GBR - 2 - - - - - 1= 2 14.2
NED - - - - 2+1= - 1 1 0 14
JPN - - - 1 2 - - - 0 13
CAN - - 2 - - - - 1= 2 12.2
HUN 1 - - - - - - - 1 8
AUT - - - 1 - - - 1= 0 5.2
FRA - - - 1 - - - - 0 5
SWE - - - - - 1 - - 0 3
AUS - - - - 1= - - - 0 3
Totals 6 6 6 6 5+3= 4 2 2+5= 18 204

Participating nations

1936-2.JPG

1936-1.JPG


 August 2 10h30 Men's 100 m preliminaries
Men's High jump elimination trials
11h00 Men's Shot put elimination trials
15h00 Men's 100 m preliminaries
15h00 Men's High jump Semifinals
Women's Javelin throw trials
Women's Javelin throw Final
15h30 Men's High jump Final
16h00 Men's 800 m preliminaries
17h30 Men's 10,000 m Final
Men's Shot put Semifinals
Men's Shot put Final
 
August 3 09h00 Men's Hammer throw elimination trials
15h00 Men's 400 m hurdles round 1
Men's Hammer throw Semifinals
Men's Hammer throw Final
15h30 Men's 100 m Semifinals
16h00 Women's 100 m round 1
17h00 Men's 100 m Final
17h15 Men's 800 m Semifinals
17h30 Women's 100 m Semifinals
18h00 Men's 3,000 m steeplechase preliminaries
August 4 10h30 Men's 200 m heats
Men's Long jump elimination trials
15h00 Men's 400 m hurdles Semifinals
15h15 Women's Discus throw Final
15h15 Women's Discus throw trials
15h30 Men's 200 m heats
16h00 Women's 100 m Final
16h30 Men's Long jump Semifinals
17h30 Men's 400 m hurdles Final
17h45 Men's 800 m Final
Men's Long jump Final
18h05 Men's 5,000 m heats
August 5 10h30 Men's Discus throw elimination trials
Men's Pole Vault elimination trials
13h30 Men's 50,000 m walk
15h00 Men's 200 m Semifinals
Men's Discus throw Semifinals
Men's Discus throw Final
15h30 Women's 80 m hurdles round 1
16h00 Men's Pole Vault Semifinals
16h30 Men's 110 m hurdles heats
17h00 Men's 1,500 m heats
17h30 Women's 80 m hurdles Semifinals
18h00 Men's 200 m Final
19h00 Men's Pole Vault Final
August 6 10h30 Men's 400 m heats
Men's Javelin throw elimination trials
15h00 Men's 110 m hurdles Semifinals
15h15 Men's Javelin throw Final
Men's Javelin throw Semifinals
15h30 Women's 80 m hurdles Final
16h15 Men's 1,500 m Final
16h30 Men's Triple jump elimination trials
Men's Triple jump Semifinals
Men's Triple jump Final
17h45 Men's 110 m hurdles Final
August 7 10h00 Men's Decathlon 100 m
11h30 Men's Decathlon long jump
15h00 Men's 400 m Semifinals
Men's Decathlon shot put
15h15 Men's 5,000 m Final
16h00 Men's Decathlon high jump
17h30 Men's 400 m Final
17h45 Men's Decathlon 400 m
August 8 10h00 Men's Decathlon 110 m hurdles
11h00 Men's Decathlon discus throw
15h00 Men's 4 x 100 m relay heats
Men's Decathlon pole vault
15h30 Women's 4 x 100 m relay heats
16h00 Men's 3,000 m steeplechase Final
16h30 Men's 4 x 400 m relay heats
Men's Decathlon javelin throw
17h30 Men's Decathlon 1.500 m
August 9 15h00 Men's Marathon
Women's High jump
15h15 Men's 4 x 100 m relay Final
15h30 Women's 4 x 100 m relay Final
15h45 Men's 4 x 400 m relay Final
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