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1980 Olympic Games Moscow - Men's Triple jump

 

 

Host City: Moskva, Soviet Union Format: Top 12 and ties and all those reaching 16.55 metres advanced to the final.
Date Started: July 24, 1980  
Date Finished: July 25, 1980  
(Competitors: 23; Countries: 19; Finalists: 12)  
    Venue(s): Grand Arena, Central Lenin Stadium Area, Moskva
Overview by IAAF    
An innocuous qualifying round saw only seven men meet the standard of 16.55, and 16.42 became the cut-off point for 12 finalists. The final opened quietly enough when Oliveira cleared 16.96 to take an early lead from Saneyev (16.85). Other than Campbell’s 17.02 in the qualifying, the crowd had to wait until round 3 to see a 17m jump. The best of them came from Campbell; the speedy Australian hit the board well and landed beyond Saneyev’s 17.39 Olympic record flag at around 17.50. A few moments later an official raised a red flag, claiming that Campbell had grazed his foot along the ground. Campbell protested vehemently to the judges, who had the pit raked before any measurement could be made. He later said, “If I had dragged my foot ... with six spikes on the shoe, I would either have fallen forward or lost my balance and had to abort the jump … the physical evidence just doesn’t add up.” Videotape of the jump showed quite clearly that the Australian had not fouled, and he was thus deprived of a certain medal. On the next jump, Uudmäe made the leap of his life, reaching 17.35 to take a big lead. Oliveira then reached 17.22 and Saneyev 17.04. Neither Campbell nor de Oliveira had another legal jump. The Brazilian had two long efforts ruled invalid. He was seen to walk away angrily after examining the board for signs of a foul. Both jumps were in the region of the 17.35 lead. In the final round Uudmäe supported his winning jump with 17.28, and the last jump of the competition – and of his career – belonged to Saneyev. The 34 year-old produced a fine jump of 17.24, but was annoyed with himself for not waiting until the wind dropped – the headwind was 1.24 metres per second, but with three golds and a silver he almost matched Al Oerter’s medal achievements in an event where age was a much greater problem than in the discus throw.
       
Summary by Sports-reference.com      
Viktor Saneyev was trying to match Al Oerter's feat of winning four consecutive gold medals in the same individual event. But the favorite in 1980 was Brazil's João Carlos de Oliveira, world record holder and twice Pan American champion. Two other contenders were Keith Connor (GBR) and Ian Campbell (AUS) – who had been 1-2 at the 1978 Commonwealth Games. The 1980 Olympics were held in Moskva, and unfortunately, the officiating was not what it should have been. Round three produced much of the drama. Jaak Uudmäe (URS/EST) jumped 17.35 (56-11¼), with de Oliveira getting 17.22 (56-6) and Saneyev at 17.04 (55-11) – all three producing their leading marks to that point. But just before Uudmäe's jump, Campbell had landed in the sand beyong the Olympic record marker (17.39 (57-0¾)), but the jump was ruled a foul that had not broken the plasticine. Pleading his case, the official told him he had dragged his foot on the step phase, which is almost impossible at that speed, and which nobody had seen. The sand was raked and the mark did not count, though observers thought it was around 17.50 (57-7). In fact, all of Campbell's remaining marks were ruled fouls. João de Oliveira also would not produce another fair jump, though observers also could not see anything wrong with his efforts, and two of his “fouls” were on very long jumps. Both times he walked away from the board, after examining it, shaking his head in frustration. The spurious officiating brought Saneyev a chance in the last round to win his fourth gold medal. He improved to 17.24 (56-6¾) to surpass de Oliveira but had to settle for silver. It was difficult for de Oliveira. But in December 1991 he was struck head-on by a drunken driver and after a nine-month battle, would lose his right leg, having it amputated below the knee. He died quite early from liver and lung disease, complications of the alcoholism which had consumed him.
 

Records

Standing records prior to the 1980 Summer Olympics
World Record  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) 17.89 m October 15, 1975 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
Olympic Record  Viktor Saneyev (URS) 17.39 m October 17, 1968 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico
 
        Results        

Final

De Oliveira led after round one with 16.96, followed by Saneyev; Campbell had by far the longest jump of the round, but it was declared a foul. Uudmäe improved to third place in round two and then took the lead in round three with 17.35, his personal best; de Oliveira had his best measured jump, 17.22, immediately after this, and Saneyev improved to 17.04 to finish the round. In the remaining rounds, both Campbell and de Oliveira produced jumps that were long enough to overtake Uudmäe, but they were fouls and therefore not measured; neither of them recorded a mark after round three. Uudmäe produced his best jump in round four but it was ruled a foul. In round six Uudmäe jumped 17.28m which was the second best legal jump of the competition. The competition ended with Saneyev as the last jumper of the sixth and final round; he jumped 17.24, his best since the 1976 Olympics, to overtake de Oliveira for silver.

Controversy

After the first day of athletics at the 1980 Olympics – July 24, the day of the triple jump qualification – Adriaan Paulen, the head of the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF), had agreed to pull all IAAF inspectors from the field, leaving Soviet officials to judge all events without outside supervision. Allegations that the Soviets abused this situation to favor their own athletes started with the triple jump final and continued through the week, resulting in the IAAF inspectors returning for the final days.

Both Campbell and de Oliveira jumped beyond Uudmäe's leading mark more than once, but all of these jumps were declared fouls despite their protests. One of Campbell's jumps, perhaps the longest in the competition, was ruled a "scrape" foul: the officials claimed his trailing leg had touched the track during the step phase, which was against the rules at the time. Campbell insisted he hadn't scraped, stating it was impossible to scrape and still jump that far. Campbell's first jump, also a potential winner, was declared a normal foul; the Australian said he demanded to see the plasticine after the jump, and while there was a mark on it as expected after a foul, it was on the wrong side to have been produced by his take-off foot. The foul rulings on de Oliveira's longest jumps were also controversial, with both outside observers and de Oliveira himself feeling at least some, if not all, of those jumps should have been valid. Whether Campbell or de Oliveira had the longest jump in the competition is unclear.

The behavior of the Soviet audience, which whistled loudly during de Oliveira's jumps, also received negative attention, though the crowd did applaud de Oliveira after he shook hands with the board judges.

Mizuno allegations

Australian journalist Roy Masters has claimed the competition was not simply one part of a wider pattern of Soviet officials favoring the home team, but was specifically rigged so that Soviet jumpers with Mizuno shoes would win. According to Masters, Mizuno had been snubbed during the torch relay, and the organizers attempted to make up for it by fixing the triple jump.

Triple jump Men     Final 25 July      
                 
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date Records
1 17.35 -0.2   Jaak Uudmäe Soviet Union URS 3 Sep 54 NR
2 17.24     Viktor Sanejev Soviet Union URS 3 Oct 45  
3 17.22     João Carlos de Oliveira Brazil BRA 28 May 54  
4 16.87     Keith Connor Great Britain GBR 16 Sep 57  
5 16.72     Ian Campbell Australia AUS 18 Apr 57  
6 16.56     Atanas Chochev Bulgaria BUL 17 Jan 57  
7 16.47     Béla Bakosi Hungary HUN 18 Jun 57  
8 16.44     Ken Lorraway Australia AUS 6 Feb 56  
9 16.12     Yevgeniy Anikin Soviet Union URS 13 Mar 58  
10 16.09     Milan Spasojevic Yugoslavia YUG 15 Mar 49  
11 16.03     Armando Herrera Cuba CUB 25 May 55  
  DNS     Christian Valétudie France FRA 27 May 52  
Triple jump Men     Qualification 24 July      

Qualification

The favorites included João Carlos de Oliveira, the Brazilian who held the world record and had won bronze four years earlier in Montreal, as well as Ian Campbell of Australia, Keith Connor of Great Britain, and the Soviet Union's Jaak Uudmäe and Yevgeni Anikin; all of these jumpers had exceeded 17 m earlier in the year. 34-year-old Viktor Saneyev, the third Soviet jumper, was the defending champion from the 1968, 1972 and 1976 Olympics, but came in with a season best of only 16.78.

All of these athletes qualified for the final; Campbell led with a first-round jump of 17.02, the only athlete to clear 17 metres. He was followed by the other Australian, Ken Lorraway, with 16.80 m.

Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Birth Date Records
1 17.02     Ian Campbell Australia AUS 18 Apr 57  
2 16.80     Ken Lorraway Australia AUS 6 Feb 56  
3 16.77     Yevgeniy Anikin Soviet Union URS 13 Mar 58  
4 16.69     Jaak Uudmäe Soviet Union URS 3 Sep 54  
5 16.62     João Carlos de Oliveira Brazil BRA 28 May 54  
6 16.57     Viktor Sanejev Soviet Union URS 3 Oct 45  
7 16.57     Keith Connor Great Britain GBR 16 Sep 57  
8 16.49     Armando Herrera Cuba CUB 25 May 55  
9 16.48     Milan Spasojevic Yugoslavia YUG 15 Mar 49  
10 16.45     Béla Bakosi Hungary HUN 18 Jun 57  
11 16.43     Christian Valétudie France FRA 27 May 52  
12 16.42     Atanas Chochev Bulgaria BUL 17 Jan 57  
13 16.20     Ramón Cid Spain ESP 15 Aug 54  
14 15.86     Moujhed Fahid Khalifa Iraq IRQ 55  
15 15.68     Abdoulaye Diallo Senegal SEN 46  
16 15.35     Zdzisław Hoffmann Poland POL 27 Aug 59  
17 14.79     Bogger Musaanga Zambia ZAM 6 Jun 52  
18 14.71     Henri Dagba Benin BEN 57  
19 14.59     Duc Thuy Duong Vietnam VIE 4 Apr 61  
20 14.21     Arthure Agathine Seychelles SEY 17 Dec 60  
21 13.60     Yadessa Kuma Ethiopia ETH 18 Dec 52  
  NM     Alejandro Herrera Cuba CUB 21 Apr 58  
  NM     Olli Pousi Finland FIN 23 Jul 59  
 
Detailed View
 

Qualification

Group A

Group BFinal
Rank Overall Athlete Attempts Result Note
1 2 3
1 1  Ian Campbell (AUS) 17.02 17.02 m  
2 4  Jaak Uudmäe (URS) 16.03 16.69 16.69 m  
3 6  Viktor Saneyev (URS) 16.57 16.57 m  
4 10  Béla Bakosi (HUN) 15.99 16.45 16.22 16.45 m  
5 12  Atanas Chochev (BUL) 16.20 16.42 16.17 16.42 m  
6 13  Ramón Cid (ESP) 16.20 X 16.04 16.20 m  
7 14  Mujhid Fahad Khalifa (IRQ) X 15.77 15.86 15.86 m  
8 15  Abdoulaye Diallo (SEN) X 15.51 15.68 15.68 m  
9 17  Bogger Mushanga (ZAM) 14.79 14.79 m  
 Olli Pousi (FIN) X NM  
 Alejandro Herrera (CUB) X NM  
Rank Overall Athlete Attempts Result Note
1 2 3
1 2  Ken Lorraway (AUS) 15.84 16.29 16.80 16.80 m  
2 3  Yevgeni Anikin (URS) 16.77 16.77 m  
3 5  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) X 16.62 16.62 m  
4 6  Keith Connor (GBR) 16.57 16.57 m  
5 8  Armando Herrera (CUB) 16.26 X 16.49 16.49 m  
6 9  Milan Spasojević (YUG) 16.21 16.48 16.48 m  
7 11  Christian Valetudie (FRA) 15.99 16.43 16.39 16.43 m  
8 16  Zdzisław Hoffmann (POL) X 15.35 15.28 15.35 m  
9 18  Henri Dagba (BEN) X 13.64 14.71 14.71 m  
10 19  Dương Đức Thủy (VIE) 14.51 14.19 14.59 14.59 m  
11 20  Arthure Agathine (SEY) X 13.99 14.21 14.21 m  
12 21  Yadessa Kuma (ETH) 13.49 13.60 X 13.60 m  
Rank Athlete Attempts Result Note
1 2 3 4 5 6
1st  Jaak Uudmäe (URS) X 16.83 17.35 X 17.08 17.28 17.35 m  
2nd  Viktor Saneyev (URS) 16.85 16.53 17.04 X 17.07 17.24 17.24 m  
3rd  João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA) 16.96 X 17.22 X X X 17.22 m  
4  Keith Connor (GBR) 16.32 16.64 16.51 16.87 14.54 16.48 16.87 m  
5  Ian Campbell (AUS) X 16.72 X X X X 16.72 m  
6  Atanas Chochev (BUL) 16.12 16.55 X X 16.56 16.56 m  
7  Béla Bakosi (HUN) X 16.28 16.11 16.47 16.03 15.77 16.47 m  
8  Ken Lorraway (AUS) 16.12 16.44 16.20 16.40 15.70 16.44 m  
 
9  Yevgeni Anikin (URS) 16.12 15.75 X   16.12 m  
10  Milan Spasojević (YUG) 16.09 16.08 15.93   16.09 m  
11  Armando Herrera (CUB) 15.90 X 16.03   16.03 m  
 Christian Valetudie (FRA) X X X   NM  
 
 
 

 

 

 

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