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1906  Athens Summer Olympics

1906 Summer Olympics - The Results (Tennis)

Tennis at the 1906 Athens Summer Games

 

 

Host City: Athina, Greece
Date Started: April 23, 1906
Date Finished: April 26, 1906
Events: 4

Participants: 27 (21 men and 6 women) from 6 countries
Youngest Participant: GRE Georgios Skouzes (15 years, 89 days)
Oldest Participant: GRE Demetrius Casdagli (33 years, 195 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): FRA Max Décugis (3 medals)
Most Medals (Country): GRE Greece (6 medals)

  

Overview

The tennis events at the 1906 Olympic Games were held at the Athens Lawn Tennis Club near the Ilissus River. Tennis events were also held there in 1896, although some of the 1896 tennis events were held on the infield of the Neo Phaliron velodrome. The 1906 events were held on clay courts. There were four competitions held: men's singles, ladies' singles, men's doubles, and mixed doubles. The turn-out was very poor considering the world's top players - none of them were present in Athens. The top player there in 1906 was the Frenchman, Max Decugis, who succeeded in winning three gold medals, in men's singles, and doubles and, with his wife as his partner, in the mixed doubles. No British tennis players competed, and none of the top Americans were in Athens. The women's singles had a particularly weak field, with only six competitors present.

  

Medal summary

Events

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's singles

 Max Decugis (FRA)  Maurice Germot (FRA)  Zdeněk Žemla (BOH)
Men's doubles

 France (FRA)
Max Decugis
Maurice Germot
 Greece (GRE)
Ioannis Ballis
Xenophon Kasdaglis
 Bohemia (BOH)
Ladislav Žemla
Zdeněk Žemla
 
Women's singles

 Esmée Simirioti (GRE)  Sophia Marinou (GRE)  Euphrosine Paspati (GRE)
Mixed doubles

 France (FRA)
Marie Decugis
Max Decugis
 Greece (GRE)
Sophia Marinou
Georgios Simiriotis
 Greece (GRE)
Xenophon Kasdaglis
Aspasia Matsa
  

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  France (FRA) 3 1 0 4
2  Greece (GRE) 1 3 2 6
3  Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 2 2
Totals (3 nations) 4 4 4 12
 

Men's Singles

 Host City: Athina, Greece
Venue(s): Athens Lawn Tennis Club, Athina
Date Started: April 23, 1906
Date Finished: April 26, 1906
Format: Single-elimination tournament.

Summary

Max Decugis was relatively unchallenged in winning this title, losing only two games in eight sets and four matches prior to the final. In the final, he defeated France's Maurice Germot in four sets (3-1). Germot was probably favored as he had been French singles champion in 1905-06, while Decugis had won that title in 1903-04.

Decugis was the greatest French tennis player prior to the "Four Musketeers" of the 1920's. He also has the greatest record of any Olympic tennis player, as he eventually won four Olympic gold medals and six Olympic medals in all: Gold - 1906 singles, doubles, and mixed; and the 1920 mixed (with Suzanne Lenglen); Silver - 1900 doubles; and Bronze - 1920 doubles. In the French Championships, which were closed until 1925, Decugis won 33 titles between 1902 and 1920 - 8 singles, 14 doubles, 11 mixed. His best performance at Wimbledon came in 1911 and 1912 when he made the singles' semi-finals. In 1911, he and André Gobert (FRA) won the gentlemen's doubles, the first Frenchmen to win a Wimbledon title. Decugis was also German singles champion in 1901-02.

Of note, "Guus" Kessler (NED) made it through to the semi-finals without playing a match, being given the benefit of three walk-overs. In the semis, he lost to Decugis love-love, thus finishing =4th in the Olympics without winning a single game.

None of the world's top men's players were in Athens in 1906. Laurie Doherty (GBR) had been Wimbledon singles champion in 1902-06, and was probably the greatest player in the world. Britain's Arthur Gore was Wimbledon runner-up in 1906-07, and would win that title in 1908-09. Norman Brookes of Australia was runner-up to Doherty in 1905 and would win the Wimbledon singles in 1907. America's top players were Beals Wright, the defending Olympic champion from 1904, who won the 1905 United States' singles title; and Bill Larned, U.S. singles champion in 1901-02, and 1907-11.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Max Décugis 23 France FRA Gold  
2 Maurice Germot 23 France FRA Silver  
3 Zdeněk Žemla   Bohemia BOH Bronze  
4T Guus Kessler 17 Netherlands NED    
4T Gerard Scheurleer 19 Netherlands NED    
6T Leon Zarifis 21 Greece GRE    
6T Karel Beukema 28 Netherlands NED    
6T Georgios Simiriotis   Greece GRE    
9T Jaroslav Žemla   Bohemia BOH    
9T Xenophon Casdagli 26 Greece GRE    
9T Jim Giraud 23 France FRA    
9T Ioannis Ballis   Greece GRE    
9T Robert Schauffler 27 United States USA    
14T Károly Vitus   Hungary HUN    
14T Nikolaos Karydias   Greece GRE    
14T Ladislav Žemla 18 Bohemia BOH    
14T Homer Byington 26 United States USA    
14T Nikolaos Zarifis 20 Greece GRE  

Draw

Key

  • Q = Qualifier
  • WC = Wild Card
  • LL = Lucky Loser
  • Alt = Alternate
  • SE = Special Exempt
  • PR = Protected Ranking
  • ITF = ITF entry
  • JE = Junior Exempt
  • w/o = Walkover
  • r = Retired
  • d = Defaulted

Finals

  Semifinals     Final (Gold medal match)  
                           
   
   Guus Kessler (NED) 0 0    
 
   Max Decugis (FRA) 6 6    
     Max Decugis (FRA) 6 7 6 6    
     
       Maurice Germot (FRA) 1 9 4 1    
   Maurice Germot (FRA) 6 6    
   
   Gerard Scheurleer (NED) 4 1  

Top half

  First Round     Second Round     Quarterfinals     Semifinals  
                                               
           
         H Giraud (FRA) w/o      
   A Georgiadis (GRE)            A Georgiadis (GRE)        
   J Whittal (GBR) w/o            A Georgiadis (GRE) w/o      
   D Kasdaglis (GRE)              G Kessler (NED)        
   P Manesis (GRE) w/o          D Kasdaglis (GRE) w/o        
   G Kessler (NED)            G Kessler (NED)        
   I Ketseas (GRE) w/o            G Kessler (NED) 0 0    
   J Žemla (BOH) 6 7            M Decugis (FRA) 6 6    
   V Károly (BOH) 4 5        J Žemla (BOH) w/o        
   L Zarifis (GRE)            L Zarifis (GRE)        
   D Whittal (GBR) w/o            L Zarifis (GRE) 1 0    
   M Decugis (FRA) 6 6          M Decugis (FRA) 6 6    
   N Karidias (GRE) 0 0        M Decugis (FRA) 6 6      
   X Kasdaglis (GRE)            X Kasdaglis (GRE) 1 0    
   H Melis (GRE) w/o        

Bottom half

  First Round     Second Round     Quarterfinals     Semifinals  
                                               
   Z Žemla (BOH)              
   J Millet (FRA) w/o          Z Žemla (BOH) 6 1 2  
   M Germot (FRA)            M Germot (FRA) 3 6 6  
   M Agelastos (GRE) w/o            M Germot (FRA) 6 6    
   J Giraud (FRA)              K Beukema (NED) 4 2    
   G de Martino (ITA) w/o          J Giraud (FRA) 4 6 5    
   K Beukema (NED) 6 6        K Beukema (NED) 6 3 7  
   L Žemla (BOH) 0 4          M Germot (FRA) 6 6    
   G Scheurleer (NED) 6 3 6          G Scheurleer (NED) 4 1    
   N Zarifis (GRE) 0 6 2      G Scheurleer (NED) 6 6      
   I Ballis (GRE) 6 6        I Ballis (GRE) 1 4    
   H Byington (USA) 1 2          G Scheurleer (NED) 6 8    
           G Simiriotis (GRE) 3 6    
         G Simiriotis (GRE) 6 2 6    
         R Schauffler (USA) 1 6 2  

Men's Doubles

Host City: Athina, Greece
Venue(s): Athens Lawn Tennis Club, Athina
Date Started: April 23, 1906
Date Finished: April 25, 1906
Format: Single-elimination tournament.

Summary

The final, between the French tandem of Decugis and Germot and the Greek pair of Ballis and Kasdaglis, was a tremendous match, going five sets, although the last two sets were both won at love. Decugis' record is noted above. Maurice Germot was the French singles champion in 1905-06, and 1910. Together, Decugis and Germot won the French doubles title in 1904, 1906-09, 1911-14, and 1920 - 10 titles in all. They had also won the German doubles title in 1902, and the French covered court doubles in 1910-12.

The top doubles' team in 1906 was still probably Britain's redoubtable Doherty brothers, Laurie and Reggie, who had been Wimbledon champions in 1897-1901, 1903-05, and were runners-up in 1906. In 1906 they had lost at Wimbledon to Britain's Frank Riseley and Sydney Smith, who had been runners-up to the Dohertys in 1903-05.

Final Standings

Rank Team NOC Medal  
1 France FRA Gold  
2 Greece-1 GRE Silver  
3 Bohemia BOH Bronze  
4 Greece-2 GRE    
5T Netherlands NED    
5T United States USA    
5T Greece-3 GRE  

Draw

  First Round     Quarterfinals     Semifinals     Gold Medal Match  
                                                   
           
         M Decugis (FRA)
 M Germot (FRA)
6 6    
         K Beukema (NED)
 G Scheurleer (NED)
4 0    
           M Decugis (FRA)
 M Germot (FRA)
6 6    
   L Žemla (BOH)
 Z Žemla (BOH)
w/o            L Žemla (BOH)
 Z Žemla (BOH)
3 4    
   A Goergiadis (GRE)
 D Syriotis (GRE)
           L Žemla (BOH)
 Z Žemla (BOH)
6 6      
   H Byington (USA)
 R Schauffler (USA)
w/o          H Byington (USA)
 R Schauffler (USA)
3 3    
   J Giraud (FRA)
 J Whittal (GBR)
             M Decugis (FRA)
 M Germot (FRA)
6 9 3 0 6  
   H Giraud (FRA)
 D Whittal (GBR)
               I Ballis (GRE)
 X Kasdaglis (GRE)
3 7 6 6 0  
   P Manesis (GRE)
 H Melis (GRE)
w/o          P Manesis (GRE)
 H Melis (GRE)
       
   V Károly (HUN)
 J Žemla (BOH)
           I Ballis (GRE)
 X Kasdaglis (GRE)
w/o      
   I Ballis (GRE)
 X Kasdaglis (GRE)
w/o            I Ballis (GRE)
 X Kasdaglis (GRE)
7 6       Bronze Medal Match
           G Simiriotis (GRE)
 N Zarifis (GRE)
5 4    
         I Ketseas (GRE)
 G Skouzes (GRE)
7 1          L Žemla (BOH)
 Z Žemla (BOH)
6 6      
         G Simiriotis (GRE)
 N Zarifis (GRE)
9 6        G Simiriotis (GRE)
 N Zarifis (GRE)
2 3    

Mixed Doubles

Host City: Athina, Greece
Venue(s): Athens Lawn Tennis Club, Athina
Date Started: April 24, 1906
Date Finished: April 26, 1906
Format: Single-elimination tournament.
  

Summary

 

Max Decugis had won the French mixed title in 1904-06, but never playing with his wife, Marie. In 1904 he was partnered by Mlle. Katie Gillou and in 1905-06, by Mlle. Y. de Pfoeffel. The Decugis's won two French mixed titles - the covered court titles in 1910-11.

No match for second- or third-place took place in this event. The jury decided to award the silver medals to Simiriotis/Marinou and the bronze medals to X. Kasdaglis/Matsa, although it is not exactly clear why this was done.

  

Final Standings

Rank Team NOC Medal  
1 France FRA Gold  
2 Greece-1 GRE Silver  
3 Greece-2 GRE Bronze  
4T Greece-3 GRE    
4T Greece-4 GRE  
 

Draw

  First Round     Semifinals     Gold Medal Match  
                                   
         
         Marie Decugis (FRA)
 Max Decugis (FRA)
8 6    
   Sophia Marinou (GRE)
 Georgios Simiriotis (GRE)
6 6        Sophia Marinou (GRE)
 Georgios Simiriotis (GRE)
6 3    
   Euphrosine Paspati (GRE)
 Dionysios Kasdaglis (GRE)
2 2          Marie Decugis (FRA)
 Max Decugis (FRA)
6 7    
           Aspasia Matsa (GRE)
 Xenophon Kasdaglis (GRE)
3 5    
         Aspasia Matsa (GRE)
 Xenophon Kasdaglis (GRE)
6 6      
         Esmée Simirioti (GRE)
 Nikolaos Zarifis (GRE)
1 4  
 
 

Women's Singles

Host City: Athina, Greece
Venue(s): Athens Lawn Tennis Club, Athina
Date Started: April 24, 1906
Date Finished: April 26, 1906
Format: Single-elimination tournament.
 

Summary

 

The six players who competed were not among the world's best. The records of the Greek players is not known, although they played relatively hard fought matches amongst themselves. The one non-Greek player, France's Marie Decugis, had won three French titles during her career - the ladies' doubles in 1908 (with Mme. K. Fenwick) and the covered court mixed doubles with her husband in 1910-1911.

The two top female players in the world in this era were Britain's Dorothea Douglass, later Mrs. Lambert Chambers, who was Wimbledon singles champion seven times - 1903-04, 1906, 1910-11, and 1913-14; and America's May Sutton, born in Britain, who won Wimbledon in 1905 and 1907 and the United States title in 1904.

 

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Esme Simiriotis   Greece GRE Gold  
2 Sofia Marinou   Greece GRE Silver  
3 Fronietta Paspati 26 Greece GRE Bronze  
4 Aspasia Matsa   Greece GRE    
5T Ioanna Tissamenou   Greece GRE    
5T Marie Décugis 21 France FRA  
 
  

Draw

  First Round     Semifinals     Gold Medal Match  
                                   
     
   Euphrosine Paspati (GRE) w/o      
 
   Domini Elliadis (GRE)        
     Euphrosine Paspati (GRE) 0 6 3  
     
       Sophia Marinou (GRE) 6 4 6  
   Sophia Marinou (GRE) 6 6    
   
   Ioanna Tissamenou (GRE) 1 0    
     Sophia Marinou (GRE) 6 3 3  
     
       Esmée Simirioti (GRE) 2 6 6  
   Marie Decugis (FRA)          
 
   Aspasia Matsa (GRE) w/o      
     Aspasia Matsa (GRE) 5 2       Bronze Medal Match
     
       Esmée Simirioti (GRE) 7 6    
   V. Melis (GRE)            Euphrosine Paspati (GRE) 6 6  
   
   Esmée Simirioti (GRE) w/o          Aspasia Matsa (GRE) 0 4  
 
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