Sport-Olympic.com

  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

1912  Stockholm Summer Olympics

1912 Summer Olympics - The Results (Cycling)

Cycling at the 1912 Stockholm Summer Games

 

 

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Date Started: July 7, 1912
Date Finished: July 7, 1912
Events: 2

Participants: 123 (123 men and 0 women) from 16 countries
Youngest Participant: BOH Bohumil RameÅ¡ (17 years, 125 days)
Oldest Participant: GBR Arthur Stokes (36 years, 237 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): GBR Freddie Grubb and USA Carl Schutte (2 medals)
Most Medals (Country): GBR Great Britain and USA United States (2 medals)

 

Participating nations

A total of 123 cyclists from 16 nations competed at the Stockholm Games:[1]

  •  Austria (6)
  •  Belgium (1)
  •  Bohemia (5)
  •  Canada (2)
  •  Chile (4)
  •  Denmark (8)
  •  Finland (5)
  •  France (12)
 
  •  Germany (11)
  •  Great Britain (26)
  •  Hungary (5)
  •  Norway (6)
  •  Russia (10)[2]
  •  South Africa (1)
  •  Sweden (12)
  •  United States (9)
  

Overview

Only one cycling race was held at the 1912 Olympics. The Swedish Olympic Committee actually attempted to eliminate cycling altogether. No track races were planned, although at the 11th IOC Session in Luxembourg (11-13 June 1910), the British protested this decision but no change was made. The track races were eliminated because the only velodrome in Stockholm was being destroyed to make room for the new Olympic Stadium, and there were no plans to build a new one, even with the advent of the Olympic Games.

At the 12th Session (Budapest, 23-27 May 1911), the Swedes noted that they wanted to eliminate the road race as well. Britain's [Robert de Courcy Laffan] insisted that a competition of at least 100 km. should be held. Sweden's [Viktor Gustaf Balck] noted that, )our roads are so bad that it is impossible to organise such a race.) But eventually the Swedish Olympic Committee capitulated, and elected to hold it on the course for the Mälaren Rundt (Tour of Lake Mälaren), the most popular road race in Sweden. The Mälaren Rundt was first held in 1892 and 1893, and then again yearly after 1901.

The race was a very long (315.385 km. [196.0 miles]) time trial on the roads around Lake Mälaren. Lake Mälaren is a huge lake formed by a former inlet of the Baltic Sea. Stockholm was originally built on several islands in the outlet of Lake Mälaren into the Baltic Sea, in order to guard the Lake from foreign naval invasion. An individual and team competition was decided based on this single race. The event also holds the distinction of starting at the earliest time of any Olympic event ever - 2 AM (0200).

The cycling road race was noteworthy because England, Scotland, and Ireland were allowed to enter teams of riders as individual nations, rather than as one combined team representing Great Britain. It is uncertain why this decision was made. However, on the day before the event, 6 July, France protested this ruling. The ruling was discussed all day, and that evening, the Committee for Cycling announced that the three nations would be allowed to compete separately. The Cycling Committee noted that they "... regretted that this concession had been made, but declared at the same time that, as the teams from the countries in question had come to Sweden to take part in the event, the Swedish Cycling Committee did not wish to prevent them from doing so, and that the Swedish Cycling Association intended to take the responsibility for their so doing on its own shoulders, should any steps be taken in the matter by the Union Cycliste Internationale."

In addition to the Olympic medals, several cities along the route of the road course donated special prizes. The cycling awards ceremony was separate from the events in the stadium and took place on Monday, 9 July, at Restaurant Hasslebacken, where the awards were distributed by the President of the Cycling Committee, Gösta Drake af Hagelsrum. The special awards given were as follows: Memorial Cup of Eskilstuna - winner of the race - [Rudolph Lewis] (RSA); Memorial Cup of Västerås - top Swedish cyclist - [Erik Friborg]; Memorial Cup of Enköping - best rider between Enköping and the Olympic Stadium - [Leon Meredith] (GBR); Memorial Cup of Mariefred - given to cyclist who ride well but did not win a medal - [Frank Brown] (CAN); Silver Cup of Sundsvalls Velocipedklubb - winner of the team race - Sweden; and Memorial Cup of Köping - team with most participants finishing - Germany.

At the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, one cycling event was contested on Sunday, 7 July. This event was a time trial which also counted as an individual race. For the only time in Olympic history, no track cycling events were held.

  

Amateur definitions

In Cycling, where, according to the agreement made by the national associations affiliated to the Union Cycliste Internationale, every amateur was to be provided with a certificate issued by the Union or by one of the said associations.

The amateur regulation was as follows:

The competition is only open to amateurs with a license from the Union Cycliste Internationale or any affiliated to the above-mentioned Union. A certified copy of such license shall accompany each entry.

Medal summary

  
Event Gold Silver Bronze
Individual time trial  Rudolph Lewis (RSA)  Frederick Grubb (GBR)  Carl Schutte (USA)
Team time trial

 Sweden (SWE)
Erik Friborg
Ragnar Malm
Axel Persson
Algot Lönn
 Great Britain (GBR)
Frederick Grubb
Leonard Meredith
Charles Moss
William Hammond
 United States (USA)
Carl Schutte
Alvin Loftes
Albert Krushel
Walter Martin

 

Rudolph Lewis

 

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  South Africa 1 0 0 1
 Sweden 1 0 0 1
3  Great Britain 0 2 0 2
4  United States 0 0 2 2
Totals (4 nations) 2 2 2 6

Men's Road Race, Individual

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Date Started: July 7, 1912
Date Finished: July 7, 1912
Format: 315.385 km. (196.0 miles) individual time trial.

Competitors 123from 16 nations

 

Summary

The riders were sent off at two minute intervals, with the last scheduled rider starting at 7 AM (0700). Of the 151 entrants only 123 riders eventually started. The individual event was won by [Rudolph "Okey" Lewis] of South Africa. He started quickly and led by 11½ minutes at 120 km. Increasing the lead to 17 minutes at 200 km., he slowed slightly coming in, but still won by almost nine minutes over [Freddie Grubb] of Great Britain. As the second starter, going off at 2:02 AM, he was the first overall finisher as well. Little is known about Lewis' cycling career, even by South African experts. It was noted that the weather at the start time of 2 AM was cool, with no wind, which favored the very early starters. By 7 AM a strong westerly wind was blowing directly into the faces of the later starting riders. As the second starter, Lewis definitely benefited from his start position.

The previous record for the Mälaren Rundt was 11-22:07.0, set in 1909 by [Henrik Morén] of Sweden, a 10-time winner of the race, including nine consecutive wins from 1902-1910. In 1912 Morén also won the Swedish seletcing competition held on this track in 11-56:23. Lewis lowered the record by almost 41 minutes. No less than 16 riders, including Morén himself, in 15th place, bettered the previous record.

In addition to the Olympic medals, a Diploma of Merit was given to cyclists who finished within 25% of the winner's time. As Lewis finished in 10-42:39, all riders under 13-23:18.8 qualified, and thus 81 of the 94 riders who finished received this special diploma.

 

Results


Place Cyclist Time
1  Rudolph Lewis (RSA) 10:42:39.0
2  Frederick Grubb (GBR) 10:51:24.2
3  Carl Schutte (USA) 10:52:38.8
4  Leonard Meredith (GBR) 11:00:02.6
5  Frank Brown (CAN) 11:01:00.0
6  Antti Raita (FIN) 11:02:20.3
7  Erik Friborg (SWE) 11:04:17.0
8  Ragnar Malm (SWE) 11:08:14.5
9  Axel Persson (SWE) 11:10:59.6
10  Algot Lönn (SWE) 11:12:02.5
11  Alvin Loftes (USA) 11:13:51.3
12  Alex Ekström (SWE) 11:14:50.7
13  Albert Krushel (USA) 11:17:30.2
14  Birger Andreassen (NOR) 11:20:14.6
15  Henrik Morén (SWE) 11:21:31.9
16  John Wilson (GBR) 11:21:43.0
17  Walden Martin (USA) 11:23:55.2
18  Charles Moss (GBR) 11:23:55.8
19  Werner Karlsson (SWE) 11:24:18.0
20  Joseph Kopsky (USA) 11:27:06.0
21  Vilho Tilkanen (FIN) 11:28:38.5
22  William Hammond (GBR) 11:29:16.8
23  Robert Rammer (AUT) 11:30:40.8
24  Robert Thompson (GBR) 11:31:16.0
25  Olaf Meyland-Smith (DEN) 11:32:24.2
26  Franz Lemnitz (GER) 11:34:32.2
27  Rudolf Baier (GER) 11:35:01.5
28  John Becht (USA) 11:35:04.8
29  Stanley Jones (GBR) 11:37:40.6
30  Herbert Gayler (GBR) 11:39:01.8
31  Adolf Kofler (AUT) 11:39:32.6
32  Charles Hansen (DEN) 11:40:04.0
33  Oswald Rathmann (GER) 11:40:18.4
34  Johan Kankkonen (FIN) 11:41:35.5
35  John Miller (GBR) 11:44:01.6
36  Georg Warsow (GER) 11:45:24.0
37  Francis Higgins (GBR) 11:45:44.5
38  Arthur Gibbon (GBR) 11:46:00.2
39  Charles Davey (GBR) 11:47:26.3
40  Joseph Racine (FRA) 11:50:32.7
41  David Stevenson (GBR) 11:52:55.0
42  Alberto Downey (CHI) 11:53:02.5
43  Rudolf Kramer (AUT) 11:53:12.8
44  Otto Männel (GER) 11:53:27.4
45  Josef Hellensteiner (AUT) 11:54:00.2
46  Josef Zilker (AUT) 11:54:38.7
47  Paul Henrichsen (NOR) 11:55:23.2
48  Johannes Reinwaldt (DEN) 11:57:20.0
49  Charles Hill (GBR) 11:57:56.5
50  André Capelle (FRA) 11:59:48.4
51  Gunnar Björk (SWE) 12:00:49.4
52  Alois Wacha (AUT) 12:01:12.4
53  Godtfred Olsen (DEN) 12:06:18.8
54  Jesse Pike (USA) 12:06:21.6
55  Wilhelm Rabe (GER) 12:06:55.8
56  Jerome Steinert (USA) 12:08:32.3
57  Josef Rieder (GER) 12:12:32.4
58  Cárlos Koller (CHI) 12:13:49.2
59  Ernest Merlin (GBR) 12:16:08.6
60  Andrejs Apsītis (RUS) 12:18:20.6
61  Martin Koch (GER) 12:18:22.5
62  Robert Birker (GER) 12:19:27.6
63  Bohumil Rameš (BOH) 12:20:12.2
64  René Gagnet (FRA) 12:20:32.6
65  Anton Hansen (NOR) 12:21:23.7
66  Hjalmar Väre (FIN) 12:21:29.2
67  Michael Walker (GBR) 12:27:49.9
68  James Stevenson (GBR) 12:27:50.8
69  Arturo Friedemann (CHI) 12:28:20.8
70  Frank Meissner (USA) 12:29:09.0
71  Francis Guy (GBR) 12:32:19.4
72  Valdemar Nielsen (DEN) 12:33:09.2
73  István Müller (HUN) 12:39:28.0
74  José Torres (CHI) 12:39:39.5
75  János Henzsel (HUN) 12:42:16.3
76  Hermann Smiel (GER) 12:49:01.6
77  Gyula Mazur (HUN) 12:50:55.8
78  George Watson (CAN) 12:52:22.2
79  Carl Lüthje (GER) 13:00:31.8
80  Ralph Mecredy (GBR) 13:03:39.0
81  John Walker (GBR) 13:15:50.2
82  Matthew Walsh (GBR) 13:31:17.0
83  Georges Valentin (FRA) 13:33:59.5
84  Ignác Teiszenberger (HUN) 13:38:35.8
85  Bernard Doyle (GBR) 13:42:11.8
86  George Corsar (GBR) 13:51:22.8
87  Václav Tintěra (BOH) 14:10:34.6
88  Bohumil Kubrycht (BOH) 14:11:21.0
89  Étienne Chéret (FRA) 14:15:18.1
90  Arthur Griffiths (GBR) 14:15:24.0
91  Gaston Alancourt (FRA) 14:23:59.3
92  Pierre Peinaud (FRA) 14:49:59.4
93  André Lepère (FRA) 15:03:18.1
94  Alexis Michiels (FRA) 15:15:59.2
 Louis Bès (FRA) Did not finish
 Fyodor Borisov (RUS) Did not finish
 Fridrihs Bošs (RUS) Did not finish
 Jēkabs Bukse (RUS) Did not finish
 Karl Gulbrandsen (NOR) Did not finish
 Juho Jaakonaho (FIN) Did not finish
 Otto Jensen (DEN) Did not finish
 John Kirk (GBR) Did not finish
 Augusts Kepke (RUS) Did not finish
 Kārlis Kepke (RUS) Did not finish
 František Kundert (BOH) Did not finish
 Karl Landsberg (SWE) Did not finish
 Hjalmar Levin (SWE) Did not finish
 Jānis Līvens (RUS) Did not finish
 Carl Lundquist (SWE) Did not finish
 Jacques Marcault (FRA) Did not finish
 Valdemar Christoffer Nielsen (DEN) Did not finish
 Carl Olsen (NOR) Did not finish
 Hans Olsen (DEN) Did not finish
 Jean Patou (BEL) Did not finish
 Arvid Pettersson (SWE) Did not finish
 Sergey Pesteryev (RUS) Did not finish
 Jānis Prātnieks (RUS) Did not finish
 Edgars Rihters (RUS) Did not finish
 René Rillon (FRA) Did not finish
 Martin Sæterhaug (NOR) Did not finish
 Arthur Stokes (GBR) Did not finish
 Károly Teppert (HUN) Did not finish
 Jan Vokoun (BOH) Did not finish

Final Standings

 
Rank Athlete Age NOC
1 Rudolph Lewis 24 RSA
2 Freddie Grubb 24 GBR
3 Carl Schutte 24 USA
4 Leon Meredith 30 GBR
5 Frank Brown   CAN
6 Antti Raita 28 FIN
7 Erik Friborg 19 SWE
8 Ragnar Malm 18 SWE
9 Axel Wilhelm Persson 24 SWE
10 Algot Lönn 24 SWE
11 Al Loftes 22 USA
12 Alex Ekström 28 SWE
13 Albert Krushel 22 USA
14 Birger Andreassen 20 NOR
15 Henrik Morén 35 SWE
16 John Wilson 35 GBR
17 Walden Martin 20 USA
18 Charlie Moss 30 GBR
19 Werner Karlsson 24 SWE
20 Joe Kopsky 29 USA
21 Vilho Oskari Tilkanen 27 FIN
22 Bill Hammond 25 GBR
23 Robert Rammer 22 AUT
24 Robert Thompson 27 GBR
25 Olaf Meyland-Smith 29 DEN
26 Franz Lemnitz 21 GER
27 Rudolf Baier 20 GER
28 John Becht 25 USA
29 Stanley Jones 24 GBR
30 Bert Gayler 30 GBR
31 Adolf Kofler 20 AUT
32 Charles Hansen 21 DEN
33 Oswald Rathmann 20 GER
34 Johan Kankkonen 25 FIN
35 Jock Miller 31 GBR
36 Georg Warsow 34 GER
37 Francis Higgins 30 GBR
38 Arthur Gibbon   GBR
39 Charlie Davey 25 GBR
40 Joseph Racine 20 FRA
41 David Stevenson 30 GBR
42 Alberto Downey 21 CHI
43 Rudolf Kramer 26 AUT
44 Otto Männel 24 GER
45 Josef Hellensteiner 22 AUT
46 Josef Zilker 21 AUT
47 Paul Henrichsen 18 NOR
48 Johannes Reinwaldt 21 DEN
49 Charlie Hill 25 GBR
50 André Capelle 20 FRA
51 Gunnar Björk 21 SWE
52 Alois Wacha 23 AUT
53 Godtfred Olsen 28 DEN
54 Jesse Pike 21 USA
55 Wilhelm Rabe 35 GER
56 Jerome Steinert 28 USA
57 Josef Rieder 18 GER
58 Cárlos Koller 21 CHI
59 Ernie Merlin 25 GBR
60 Andrejs Apsītis 24 RUS
61 Martin Koch 24 GER
62 Robert Birker 27 GER
63 Bohumil Rameš 17 BOH
64 René Gagnet 21 FRA
65 Anton Hansen 25 NOR
66 Hjalmar Väre 19 FIN
67 Michael Walker 26 GBR
68 James Stevenson 35 GBR
69 Arturo Friedemann 19 CHI
70 Frank Meissner 17 USA
71 Frank Guy   GBR
72 Valdemar Nielsen 32 DEN
73 István Müller 28 HUN
74 José Torres 22 CHI
75 János Henzsel 30 HUN
76 Hermann Smiel 31 GER
77 Gyula Mazur 24 HUN
78 George Watson   CAN
79 Carl Lüthje 29 GER
80 Ralph Mecredy 23 GBR
81 John Walker 23 GBR
82 Matthew Walsh 24 GBR
83 Georges Valentin 20 FRA
84 Ignác Teiszenberger 31 HUN
85 Bernard Doyle 24 GBR
86 George Corsar 26 GBR
87 Václav Tintěra 19 BOH
88 Bohumil Kubrycht 25 BOH
89 Étienne Chéret 25 FRA
90 Arthur Griffiths 30 GBR
91 Gaston Alancourt 24 FRA
92 Pierre Peinaud 22 FRA
93 André Lepère 33 FRA
94 Alexis Michiels 28 FRA
AC Fyodor Borisov 20 RUS
AC Károly Teppert 20 HUN
AC Hans Olsen 27 DEN
AC Carl Olsen 19 NOR
AC Augusts Kepke 26 RUS
AC Jānis Prātnieks 24 RUS
AC Valdemar Christoffer Nielsen 18 DEN
AC Jan Vokoun 24 BOH
AC Edgars Rihters 24 RUS
AC Carl Lundquist 20 SWE
AC Arvid Pettersson 19 SWE
AC Fridrihs Bošs 25 RUS
AC John Kirk 21 GBR
AC Karl Gulbrandsen 19 NOR
AC Jēkabs Bukse 32 RUS
AC Martin Sæterhaug 29 NOR
AC Hjalmar Levin 27 SWE
AC Otto Jensen 19 DEN
AC Jean Patou 33 BEL
AC Sergey Pesteryev 24 RUS
AC Jacques Marcault 28 FRA
AC Jānis Līvens 28 RUS
AC Louis Bès 20 FRA
AC René Rillon 19 FRA
AC Arthur Stokes 36 GBR
AC Kārlis Kepke 21 RUS
AC František Kundert 20 BOH
AC Juho Jaakonaho 29 FIN
AC Josef Landsberg 21 SWE

Men's Road Race, Team

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Date Started: July 7, 1912
Date Finished: July 7, 1912
Format: 315.385 km. (196.0 miles) individual time trial. Maximum 12 riders per team, with the top four finishers from each team counted towards the team's time.

 

Summary

The team event was based on the total time of the best four riders for each team, with each nation being allowed to start up to 12 cyclists. Sweden won this event by a relatively close margin of 9 minutes over England. Interestingly, Sweden’s four top riders finished consecutively in 7th-10th place.

The men's team time trial was a road bicycle racing event held as part of the cycling at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the first appearance of the event. The competition was held on Sunday July 7, 1912.

Each nation that sent at least four cyclists to the individual time trial was also considered to have competed as a team. The times of the top four cyclists for each nation were summed to give a total team time, with the best total times winning. Great Britain had three teams, as the English, Irish, and Scottish cyclists were considered separate.

Belgium, Canada, and South Africa did not send enough cyclists to make a team.

Three teams did not have enough cyclists finish to earn a valid team score. Only three of Bohemia's five cyclists finished, as did three of Norway's six. Only one of Russia's ten cyclists finished.

Medalists

Gold Silver Bronze
 Sweden (SWE)
Erik Friborg
Algot Lönn
Ragnar Malm
Axel Persson
 Great Britain (GBR)
Frederick Grubb
William Hammond
Leon Meredith
Charles Moss
 United States (USA)
Albert Krushel
Alvin Loftes
Walden Martin
Carl Schutte
File:1912 Swedish cycling team.JPG
The winning team of Sweden.

Results

Place Team Ind. place Ind. time Total time
Final
Gold  Sweden (SWE) 44:35:33.6
Erik Friborg 7 11:04:17.0
Ragnar Malm 8 11:08:14.5
Axel Persson 9 11:10:59.6
Algot Lönn 10 11:12:02.5
Silver  Great Britain (GBR) — England 44:44:39.4
Frederick Grubb 2 10:51:24.2
Leon Meredith 4 11:00:02.6
Charles Moss 18 11:23:55.8
William Hammond 22 11:29:16.8
Bronze  United States (USA) 44:47:55.5
Carl Schutte 3 10:52:38.8
Alvin Loftes 11 11:13:51.3
Albert Krushel 13 11:17:30.2
Walden Martin 17 11:23:55.2
4  Great Britain (GBR) — Scotland 46:29:55.6
John Wilson 16 11:21:43.0
Robert Thompson 24 11:31:16.0
John Miller 35 11:44:01.6
David Stevenson 41 11:52:55.0
5  Finland (FIN) 46:34:03.5
Antti Raita 6 11:02:20.3
Vilho Tilkanen 21 11:28:38.5
Johan Kankkonen 34 11:41:35.5
Hjalmar Väre 66 12:21:29.2
6  Germany (GER) 46:35:16.1
Franz Lemnitz 26 11:34:32.2
Rudolf Baier 27 11:35:01.5
Oswald Rathmann 33 11:40:18.4
Georg Warsow 36 11:45:24.0
7  Austria (AUT) 46:57:26.4
Robert Rammer 23 11:30:40.8
Adolf Kofler 31 11:39:32.6
Rudolf Kramer 43 11:53:12.8
Josef Hellensteiner 45 11:54:00.2
8  Denmark (DEN) 47:16:07.0
Olaf Meyland-Smith 25 11:32:24.2
Charles Hansen (cyclist) 32 11:40:04.0
Johannes Reinwaldt 48 11:57:20.0
Godtfred Olsen 53 12:06:18.8
9  Chile (CHI) 49:14:52.0
Alberto Downey 42 11:53:02.5
Cárlos Koller 58 12:13:49.2
Arturo Friedemann 69 12:28:20.8
José Torres 74 12:39:39.5
10  France (FRA) 49:44:35.2
Joseph Racine 40 11:50:32.7
André Capelle 50 11:59:48.4
René Gagnet 64 12:20:32.6
Georges Valentin 83 13:33:59.5
11  Great Britain (GBR) — Ireland 51:19:38.5
Michael Walker 67 12:27:49.9
Francis Guy 71 12:32:19.4
Ralph Mecredy 80 13:03:39.0
John Walker 81 13:15:50.2
12  Hungary (HUN) 51:51:15.9
István Müller 73 12:39:28.0
János Henzsel 75 12:42:16.3
Gyula Mazur 77 12:50:55.8
Ignác Teiszenberger 84 13:38:35.8
 Bohemia (BOH)
Bohumil Rameš 63 12:20:12.2
Václav Tintěra 87 14:10:34.6
Bohumil Kubrycht 88 14:11:21.0
2 others did not finish
 Norway (NOR)
Birgir Andreassen 14 11:20:14.6
Paul Henrichsen 47 11:55:23.2
Anton Hansen 65 12:21:23.7
3 others did not finish
 Russia (RUS)
Andrejs Apsītis 60 12:18:20.6
9 others did not finish
   
   
   

 

Real time web analytics, Heat map tracking

Olympic Games

Full

Results

All Events