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1912  Stockholm Summer Olympics

1912 Summer Olympics - The Results (Wrestling)

Wrestling at the 1912 Stockholm Summer Games

 

 

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Events: 5

Participants: 170 (170 men and 0 women) from 18 countries
Youngest Participant: FIN Lennart Lind (19 years, 13 days)
Oldest Participant: FIN Risto Mustonen (37 years, 73 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 15 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): FIN Finland (7 medals)

 

Participating nations

A total of 170 wrestlers from 18 nations competed at the Stockholm Games:

  •  Austria (8)
  •  Belgium (1)
  •  Bohemia (4)
  •  Denmark (9)
  •  Finland (37)
  •  France (6)
  •  Germany (14)
  •  Great Britain (12)
  •  Greece (1)
  •  Hungary (10)
  •  Iceland (1)
  •  Italy (6)
  •  Netherlands (3)
  •  Norway (9)
  •  Portugal (2)
  •  Russia (11)
  •  Sweden (34)
  •  United States (2)
  

Overview

Wrestling was a very popular sport in Sweden in 1912, but only in the Græco-Roman form of the sport. In 1908 at London, Olympic competition had been conducted in both Græco-Roman and catch-as-catch-can (freestyle) events, but the Swedes planned Olympic competition only in the Græco-Roman style for the 1912 Olympics. At the 12th IOC Session in Budapest in 1911, Luxembourgeois IOC Member Jean-Maurice Pescatore suggested that freestyle should also be included on the program but he was voted down.

Wrestling was conducted on three 5 x 5 metre mats in the Olympic Stadium, exposing the wrestlers to the hot sun throughout the matches. A small nearby enclosure was used as a reserve arena in the event of rain, and a few bouts did take place there. The bouts were in 30-minute rounds, with three judges. After each 30-minute round, the judges could declare a winner or order another round, with no limit to the number of rounds. In the event that neither wrestler was aggressive enough, the judges could declare both wrestlers to have lost (today called disqualification due to passivity).

Sweden’s neighbor, Finland, was the dominant nation in wrestling at Stockholm, winning three of the five classes, and seven medals, including at least one medal in every class.

  

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Featherweight  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Georg Gerstäcker (GER)  Otto Lasanen (FIN)
Lightweight  Emil Väre (FIN)  Gustaf Malmström (SWE)  Edvin Mattiasson (SWE)
Middleweight  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Martin Klein (RUS)  Alfred Asikainen (FIN)
Light Heavyweight none awarded  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Béla Varga (HUN)
 Ivar Böhling (FIN)
Heavyweight  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  Johan Olin (FIN)  Søren Marinus Jensen (DEN)
  

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Finland (FIN) 3 2 2 7
2  Sweden (SWE) 1 2 1 4
3  Germany (GER) 0 1 0 1
 Russia (RUS) 0 1 0 1
5  Denmark (DEN) 0 0 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
Totals (6 nations) 4 6 5 15
 

Men's Featherweight, Greco-Roman

 Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Format: Double-elimination tournament. When three or fewer wrestlers remained, they advanced to a final-round tournament.

Competitors 38from 13 nations

Summary

In 1910 and 1911, there had been six different competitions considered as world championships, more properly called international meets. They had been won by Karl Wernicke (GER - 1910 in Düsseldorf), Antti Hyvönen (FIN - 1911 in Helsinki), Hans Lachnit (GER - 1911 in Stuttgart), Erich Kockel (GER - 1911 in Berlin), R. Walter (GER - 1911 in Dresden), and [Heinrich Rauß] (AUT - 1911 in Vienna). Of these, only Rauß competed in this event at Stockholm, but he was eliminated after four rounds. The winner was [Kaarlo Koskelo], who never again competed at the Olympics, and never competed in a world or European championship. Finnish wrestlers dominated this class, taking the gold and bronze medal, and six of the top eight places.

The Greco-Roman featherweight competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics was part of the wrestling programme.

The competition used a form of double-elimination tournament. Rather than using the brackets that are now standard for double-elimination contests (and which assure that each match is between two competitors with the same number of losses), each wrestler drew a number. Each man would face off against the wrestler with the next number, provided he had not already faced that wrestler and that the wrestler was not from the same nation as him (unless this was necessary to avoid byes).

When only three wrestlers remain (the medalists), the double-elimination halts and a special final round is used to determine the order of the medals.

Final round


With three wrestlers remaining, all of the previous results were ignored for the final round. Gerstacker and Lasanen drew a first-round match. The loser would face Koskelo; the loser of this second match would get the bronze medal while the winner would wrestle the winner of the first match for gold and silver.

Gerstacker's win in the first match guaranteed him a gold or silver medal, while Lasanen's loss dropped him out of contention for the gold. Lasanen failed to appear for the second bout, giving Koskelo the win and setting up a Koskelo/Gerstacker match for gold while Lasanen received silver.

Koskelo, who had made his way through the first seven rounds unscathed, won again in the final bout against Gerstacker.

Match   Winner Loser  
A To C  Georg Gerstacker (GER)  Otto Lasanen (FIN) To B
B To C  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Otto Lasanen (FIN) Bronze
C Gold  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Georg Gerstacker (GER) Silver
The Finnish gold medalist Kaarlo Koskelo.

Results

First round

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Hjalmar Lehmusvirta (FIN)  Percy Cockings (GBR) 1
0  Kaarle Leivonen (FIN)  Mariano Ciai (ITA) 1
0  Mikael Hestdahl (NOR)  Bruno Åkesson (SWE) 1
0  Erik Öberg (SWE)  Alfred Taylor (GBR) 1
0  Christian Arnesen (NOR)  Josef Beránek (BOH) 1
0  Pavel Pavlovich (RUS)  Karl Karlsson (SWE) 1
0  Otto Lasanen (FIN)  Arvid Beckman (SWE) 1
0  Ragnvald Gullaksen (NOR)  Ewald Persson (SWE) 1
0  Karl Kangas (FIN)  Aleksandr Akondinov (RUS) 1
0  Harry Larsson (SWE)  Konrad Stein (GER) 1
0  József Pongrácz (HUN)  William Lyshon (USA) 1
0  Hugo Johansson (SWE)  Georg Andersen (GER) 1
0  Georg Gerstäcker (GER)  András Szoszky (HUN) 1
0  Verner Hetmar (DEN)  Risto Mustonen (FIN) 1
0  Lauri Haapanen (FIN)  António Pereira (POR) 1
0  George MacKenzie (GBR)  Aleksandrs Miezīts (RUS) 1
0  Carl-Georg Andersson (SWE)  Carl Hansen (DEN) 1
0  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Heinrich Rauß (AUT) 1
0  Friedrich Scharrer (AUT)  George Retzer (USA) 1

Second round

38 wrestlers began this round. In the 19 matches, 13 wrestlers suffered their second loss in this round and were eliminated. 6 wrestlers suffered their first loss. 13 wrestlers continued undefeated, while 6 won whilst avoiding elimination.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Hjalmar Lehmusvirta (FIN)  Mariano Ciai (ITA) 2
0  Kaarlo Leivonen (FIN)  Percy Cockings (GBR) 2
1  Bruno Åkesson (SWE)  Alfred Taylor (GBR) 2
0  Erik Öberg (SWE)  Mikael Hestdahl (NOR) 1
1  Josef Beránek (BOH)  Karl Karlsson (SWE) 2
0  Paweł Pawłowicz (RUS)  Kristian Arneson (NOR) 1
1  Arvid Beckman (SWE)  Ragnvald Gullaksen (NOR) 1
0  Otto Lasanen (FIN)  Ewald Persson (SWE) 2
0  Harry Larsson (SWE)  Karl Kangas (FIN) 1
1  Aleksandr Ankondinow (RUS)  Konrad Stein (GER) 2
0  József Pongrácz (HUN)  Georg Andersen (GER) 2
0  Hugo Johansson (SWE)  William Lysohn (USA) 2
0  Georg Gerstäcker (GER)  Risto Mustonen (FIN) 2
0  Lauri Haapanen (FIN)  András Szoszky (HUN) 2
0  Verner Hetmar (DEN)  Aleksanders Meesits (RUS) 2
1  António Pereira (POR)  George MacKenzie (GBR) 1
0  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Carl Hansen (DEN) 2
0  Friedrich Schärer (AUT)  Carl-Georg Andersson (SWE) 1
1  Hans Rauss (AUT)  George Retzer (USA) 2

Third round

13 wrestlers began this round with no losses, 12 with one loss.

5 wrestlers suffered their second loss in this round and were eliminated. Bruno Åkesson and George MacKenzie (both of whom had one loss entering the round) withdrew and did not compete in this round, bringing the total eliminations to 7. 7 wrestlers continued undefeated, 5 won whilst avoiding elimination, and 6 suffered their first loss.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Hjalmar Lehmusvirta (FIN)  Mikael Hestdahl (NOR) 2
0  Kaarlo Leivonen (FIN)  Erik Öberg (SWE) 1
1  Josef Beránek (BOH)  Paweł Pawłowicz (RUS) 1
1  Arvid Beckman (SWE)  Kristian Arneson (NOR) 2
0  Otto Lasanen (FIN)  Ragnvald Gullaksen (NOR) 2
1  Karl Kangas (FIN)  József Pongrácz (HUN) 1
0  Harry Larsson (SWE)  Aleksandr Ankondinow (RUS) 2
0  Georg Gerstäcker (GER)  Hugo Johansson (SWE) 1
0  Lauri Haapanen (FIN)  Verner Hetmar (DEN) 1
1  Carl-Georg Andersson (SWE)  António Pereira (POR) 2
0  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Friedrich Schärer (AUT) 1
1  Hans Rauss (AUT) Bye

Fourth round

7 wrestlers began this round with no losses, 11 with one loss.

Of the 9 matches, 2 pitted undefeated wrestlers against each other. 4 involved two wrestlers who each had one loss. The remaining three were contested by an undefeated wrestler against one facing elimination; in all three the man with one loss received his second.

This resulted in 5 wrestlers keeping their undefeated status and 7 being eliminated. 2 men received their first loss and 4 won while avoiding elimination.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Hjalmar Lehmusvirta (FIN)  Hans Rauss (AUT) 2
0  Kaarlo Leivonen (FIN)  Josef Beránek (BOH) 2
1  Erik Öberg (SWE)  Paweł Pawłowicz (RUS) 2
1  Karl Kangas (FIN)  Arvid Beckman (SWE) 2
0  Otto Lasanen (FIN)  Harry Larsson (SWE) 1
1  Hugo Johansson (SWE)  József Pongrácz (HUN) 2
0  Georg Gerstäcker (GER)  Lauri Haapanen (FIN) 1
1  Verner Hetmar (DEN)  Friedrich Schärer (AUT) 2
0  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Carl-Georg Andersson (SWE) 2

Fifth round

5 wrestlers began this round with no losses, 6 with one loss.

All five matches pitted one of the undefeated men against a man facing elimination. In contrast to the previous round, in which the undefeated man won all such matches, 2 of these contests resulted in a man avoiding elimination by handing his opponent a first loss. 2 more resulted in eliminations. The fifth match, between Johansson and Lasanen, resulted in a loss for both due to disqualifications; Johansson was eliminated while Lasanen got his first loss. This left only Koskelo and Leivonen undefeated, with 3 men having their first loss in this round and 3 (including Haapanen, who had a bye) continuing to remain at one loss.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Erik Öberg (SWE)  Hjalmar Lehmusvirta (FIN) 1
0  Kaarlo Leivonen (FIN)  Harry Larsson (SWE) 2
2[1]  Hugo Johansson (SWE)  Otto Lasanen (FIN) 1
1  Karl Kangas (FIN)  Georg Gerstacker (GER) 1
0  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Verner Hetmar (DEN) 2
1  Lauri Haapanen (FIN) Bye

Sixth round

2 wrestlers began this round with no losses, 6 with one loss.

Two of the matches were certain-elimination matches, with both men having one loss. The other two placed the undefeated men, Leivonen and Koskelo, each against a man with one loss; Leivonen took his first loss to Lasanen whilst Koskelo eliminated Kangas to remain as the only undefeated wrestler in the competition.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Erik Öberg (SWE)  Lauri Haapanen (FIN) 2
1  Georg Gerstacker (GER)  Hjalmar Lehmusvirta (FIN) 2
1  Otto Lasanen (FIN)  Kaarlo Leivonen (FIN) 1
0  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN)  Karl Kangas (FIN) 2

Seventh round

1 wrestlers began this round with no losses, 4 with one loss.

Leivonen lost his second straight match, completing a sudden drop from one of two undefeated wrestlers to one of 35 who did not make it to the final round, with Gerstacker advancing on the strength of that win. Lasanen defeated Öberg to join Gerstacker and Koskelo, who had a bye in the seventh round, in the finals.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Georg Gerstacker (GER)  Kaarlo Leivonen (FIN) 2
1  Otto Lasanen (FIN)  Erik Öberg (SWE) 2
0  Kaarlo Koskelo (FIN) Bye

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Kaarlo Koskelo 24 Finland FIN Gold  
2 Georg Gerstacker 22 Germany GER Silver  
3 Otto Lasanen 21 Finland FIN Bronze  
AC r7/8 Kalle Leivonen 25 Finland FIN    
AC r7/8 Erik Öberg 23 Sweden SWE    
AC r6/8 Lauri Haapanen 22 Finland FIN    
AC r6/8 Arvo Kangas 25 Finland FIN    
AC r6/8 Ville Lehmusvirta 22 Finland FIN    
AC r5/8 Verner Hetmar 21 Denmark DEN    
AC r5/8 Hugo Johansson 24 Sweden SWE    
AC r5/8 Harry Larsson 23 Sweden SWE    
AC r4/8 Heinrich Rauß 21 Austria AUT    
AC r4/8 Friedrich Scharrer 20 Austria AUT    
AC r4/8 József Pongrácz 20 Hungary HUN    
AC r4/8 Pavel Pavlovich 19 Russia RUS    
AC r4/8 Carl-Georg Andersson 26 Sweden SWE    
AC r4/8 Arvid Beckman 22 Sweden SWE    
AC r4/8 Josef Beránek 20 Bohemia BOH    
AC r3/8 António Pereira 24 Portugal POR    
AC r3/8 Christian Arnesen 21 Norway NOR    
AC r3/8 Ragnvald Gullaksen 21 Norway NOR    
AC r3/8 Mikael Hestdahl 21 Norway NOR    
AC r3/8 Aleksandr Akondinov 20 Russia RUS    
AC r2/8 Carl Hansen 25 Denmark DEN    
AC r2/8 Risto Mustonen 37 Finland FIN    
AC r2/8 Percy Cockings 26 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 George MacKenzie 23 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 Alfred Taylor 23 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 Jonny Andersen 24 Germany GER    
AC r2/8 Konrad Stein 20 Germany GER    
AC r2/8 András Szoszky 23 Hungary HUN    
AC r2/8 Mariano Ciai   Italy ITA    
AC r2/8 Aleksandrs MiezÄ«tis   Russia RUS    
AC r2/8 Karl Karlsson 24 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/8 Ewald Persson 20 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/8 Bruno Åkesson 25 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/8 William Lyshon 24 United States USA    
AC r2/8 George Retzer 29 United States USA  

Men's Lightweight, Greco-Roman

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Format: Double-elimination tournament. When three or fewer wrestlers remained, they advanced to a final-round tournament.

Competitors 48from 13 nations

Summary

[Emil Väre (Vilén)] of Finland was the likely favorite. In 1911 he had won one of four international championships which were contested that year, and in 1912 he also won the European championship. In the competition, he threw all six of his opponents, although the final against [Gustaf Malmström] (SWE) was a closely fought match, which took Väre a full hour to win. Väre returned in 1920 to defend his Olympic gold medal at Antwerp.

The Greco-Roman lightweight competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics was part of the wrestling programme.

The competition used a form of double-elimination tournament. Rather than using the brackets that are now standard for double-elimination contests (and which assure that each match is between two competitors with the same number of losses), each wrestler drew a number. Each man would face off against the wrestler with the next number, provided he had not already faced that wrestler and that the wrestler was not from the same nation as him (unless this was necessary to avoid byes).

When only three wrestlers remain (the medalists), the double-elimination halts and a special final round is used to determine the order of the medals.

Final round

With three wrestlers remaining, all of the previous results were ignored for the final round.

Match   Winner Loser  
A To C  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE) To B
B To C  Gustaf Malmström (SWE)  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE) Bronze
C Gold  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Gustaf Malmström (SWE) Silver

Results

First round

48 wrestlers began the competition.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  József Sándor (HUN)  Karl Johnson (SWE) 1
0  Johan Nilsson (SWE)  Ludwig Sauerhöfer (GER) 1
0  Herbrand Lofthus (NOR)  Raymond Cabal (FRA) 1
0  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE)  Andreas Dumrauf (GER) 1
0  Volmar Wikström (FIN)  Eugène Lesieur (FRA) 1
0  Dezső Orosz (HUN)  Richard Rydström (SWE) 1
0  Paul Tirkkonen (FIN)  Josef Stejskal (AUT) 1
0  Gustaf Malmström (SWE)  Johan Urvikko (FIN) 1
0  Ernő Márkus (HUN)  Arthur Gould (GBR) 1
0  Frederik Hansen (DEN)  Árpád Szántó (HUN) 1
0  Viktor Fischer (AUT)  Thorbjørn Frydenlund (NOR) 1
0  Armas Laitinen (FIN)  Gottfrid Svenson (SWE) 1
0  Bror Flygare (SWE)  Karel Halík (BOH) 1
0  Ödön Radvány (HUN)  August Kippasto (RUS) 1
0  Jan Balej (BOH)  William Ruff (GBR) 1
0  Richard Frydenlund (NOR)  William Lupton (GBR) 1
0  Johan Salonen (FIN)  Jean Bouffechoux (FRA) 1
0  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Georg Baumann (RUS) 1
0  Oskar Kaplur (RUS)  William Hayes (GBR) 1
0  Alessandro Covre (ITA)  Tuomas Pukkila (FIN) 1
0  David Kolehmainen (FIN)  Thorvald Olsen (NOR) 1
0  Aatami Tanttu (FIN)  Johannes Eillebrecht (NED) 1
0  Hugo Björklund (SWE)  Robert Phelps (GBR) 1
0  Carl Lund (SWE)  Bruno Heckel (GER) 1

Second round

Arthur Gould and Árpád Szántó withdrew after their first round losses. 46 wrestlers started the second round, 24 with no losses and 22 with one.

16 were eliminated. 6 survived potential elimination (5 by eliminating another wrestler, 1 by giving a previously undefeated wrestler his first loss). 7 received their first loss, while 17 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Johan Nilsson (SWE)  József Sándor (HUN) 1
1  Ludwig Saeurhöfer (GER)  Martin Jonsson (SWE) 2
0  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE)  Raymond Cabal (FRA) 2
0  Herbrand Lofthus (NOR)  Andreas Dumrauf (GER) 2
0  Dezső Orosz (HUN)  Eugène Lesieur (FRA) 2
0  Volmar Wikström (FIN)  Richard Rydström (SWE) 2
1  Johan Urvikko (FIN)  Josef Stejskal (AUT) 2
0  Gustaf Malmström (SWE)  Paul Tirkkonen (FIN) 1
0  Frederik Hansen (DEN)  Ernő Márkus (HUN) 1
0  Otto Laitinen (FIN)  Viktor Fischer (AUT) 1
1  Gottfrid Svenson (SWE)  Thorbjørn Frydenlund (NOR) 2
1  Karel Halík (BOH)  August Kippasto (RUS) 2
0  Ödön Radvány (HUN)  Bror Flygare (SWE) 1
0  Jan Balej (BOH)  William Lupton (GBR) 2
0  Richard Frydenlund (NOR)  William Ruff (GBR) 2
0  Johan Salonen (FIN)  Georg Baumann (RUS) 2
0  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Jean Bouffechoux (FRA) 2
0  Oskar Kaplur (RUS)  Alessandro Covre (ITA) 1
1  Tuomas Pukkila (FIN)  William Hayes (GBR) 2
0  Aatami Tanttu (FIN)  Thorvald Olsen (NOR) 2
0  David Kolehmainen (FIN)  Johannes Eillenbrecht (NED) 2
0  Carl Lund (SWE)  Robert Phelps (GBR) 2
1  Bruno Heckel (GER)  Hugo Björklund (SWE) 1

Third round

Paul Tirkkonen and Bror Flygare abandoned the contest after their first losses in round 2. 28 wrestlers started the third round, 17 with no losses and 11 with one.

6 were eliminated. 5 survived potential elimination (2 by eliminating another wrestler, 3 by giving a previously undefeated wrestler his first loss). 8 received their first loss, while 9 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Ludwig Saeurhöfer (GER)  József Sándor (HUN) 2
0  Johan Nilsson (SWE)  Herbrand Lofthus (NOR) 1
0  Volmar Wikström (FIN)  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE) 1
1  Johan Urvikko (FIN)  Dezső Orosz (HUN) 1
0  Gustaf Malmström (SWE)  Ernő Márkus (HUN) 2
1  Viktor Fischer (AUT)  Frederik Hansen (DEN) 1
0  Otto Laitinen (FIN)  Karel Halík (BOH) 2
1  Gottfrid Svenson (SWE)  Ödön Radvány (HUN) 1
0  Jan Balej (BOH)  Richard Frydenlund (NOR) 1
0  Oskar Kaplur (RUS)  Johan Salonen (FIN) 1
0  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Alessandro Covre (ITA) 2
1  Bruno Heckel (GER)  Tuomas Pukkila (FIN) 2
0  David Kolehmainen (FIN)  Hugo Björklund (SWE) 2
0  Aatami Tanttu (FIN)  Carl Lund (SWE) 1

Fourth round

22 wrestlers started the fourth round, 9 with no losses and 13 with one.

6 were eliminated. 7 survived potential elimination (4 by eliminating another wrestler, 3 by giving a previously undefeated wrestler his first loss). 5 received their first loss, while 4 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Volmar Wikström (FIN)  Johan Nilsson (SWE) 1
1  Herbrand Lofthus (NOR)  Ludwig Saeurhöfer (GER) 2
1  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE)  Dezső Orosz (HUN) 2
1  Frederik Hansen (DEN)  Johan Urvikko (FIN) 2
0  Gustaf Malmström (SWE)  Viktor Fischer (AUT) 2
1  Ödön Radvány (HUN)  Otto Laitinen (FIN) 1
0  Jan Balej (BOH)  Gottfrid Svenson (SWE) 2
1  Johan Salonen (FIN)  Richard Frydenlund (NOR) 2
0  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Oskar Kaplur (RUS) 1
1  Carl Lund (SWE)  David Kolehmainen (FIN) 1
1  Bruno Heckel (GER)  Aatami Tanttu (FIN) 1

Fifth round

Otto Laitinen withdrew after his first loss, in round four.

15 wrestlers started the fifth round, 4 with no losses and 11 with one. The round exhibited a set-up slightly peculiar for the format, in that every match was symmetrical in terms of number of losses for each wrestler. 2 matches were between pairs of undefeated men, while 5 matches were between pairs of wrestlers both facing elimination. There were no matches between an undefeated wrestler and one with one loss.

Unsurprisingly, given that, 5 men were eliminated and 5 survived potential elimination, with a sixth advancing with one loss due to a bye. 2 received their first loss, while 2 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Johan Nilsson (SWE)  Johan Salonen (FIN) 2
1  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE)  Herbrand Lofthus (NOR) 2
0  Gustaf Malmström (SWE)  Volmar Wikström (FIN) 1
1  Ödön Radvány (HUN)  Frederik Hansen (DEN) 2
0  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Jan Balej (BOH) 1
1  Oskar Kaplur (RUS)  Aatami Tanttu (FIN) 2
1  David Kolehmainen (FIN)  Bruno Heckel (GER) 2
1  Carl Lund (SWE) Bye

Sixth round

10 wrestlers started the fifth round, 2 with no losses and 8 with one.

The two remaining undefeated wrestlers, Väre and Malmström, faced off, with Väre coming out the better. The other four matches were all between two men facing elimination, and so the winners of those four matches were expected to join Malmström in moving to the seventh round with one loss while the losers were out. The match between Kaplur and Kolehmainen, however, resulted in both wrestlers disqualified, so only 5 wrestlers moved on.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Carl Lund (SWE)  Volmar Wikström (FIN) 2
1  Ödön Radvány (HUN)  Johan Nilsson (SWE) 2
1  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE)  Jan Balej (BOH) 2
0  Eemili Väre (FIN)  Gustaf Malmström (SWE) 1
2  Oskar Kaplur (RUS)  David Kolehmainen (FIN) 2

Seventh round

5 wrestlers started the fifth round, 1 with no losses and 4 with one. The match between Lund and Radvány resulted in both wrestlers disqualified, pulling the round to a quick halt since there were then remaining only three wrestlers. Those three moved on to the final round.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
2  Carl Lund (SWE)  Ödön Radvány (HUN) 2
1  Edvin Mathiasson (SWE) Bye
0  Eemili Väre (FIN) Bye
1  Gustaf Malmström (SWE) Bye

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Emil Väre 26 Finland FIN Gold  
2 Gustaf Malmström 27 Sweden SWE Silver  
3 Edvin Mathiasson 22 Sweden SWE Bronze  
AC r7/8 Ödön Radvány 23 Hungary HUN    
AC r7/8 Carl Erik Lund 27 Sweden SWE    
AC r6/8 Tatu Kolehmainen 26 Finland FIN    
AC r6/8 Volmar Wikström 22 Finland FIN    
AC r6/8 Oskar Kaplur 22 Russia RUS    
AC r6/8 Johan Nilsson 21 Sweden SWE    
AC r6/8 Jan Balej 18 Bohemia BOH    
AC r5/8 Frederik Hansen 26 Denmark DEN    
AC r5/8 Alfred Salonen 28 Finland FIN    
AC r5/8 Aatami Tanttu 24 Finland FIN    
AC r5/8 Bruno Heckel 25 Germany GER    
AC r5/8 Herbrand Lofthus 22 Norway NOR    
AC r4/8 Viktor Fischer 19 Austria AUT    
AC r4/8 Armas Laitinen 20 Finland FIN    
AC r4/8 Vihtori Urvikko 23 Finland FIN    
AC r4/8 Ludwig Sauerhöfer 29 Germany GER    
AC r4/8 Dezső Orosz 25 Hungary HUN    
AC r4/8 Richard Frydenlund 21 Norway NOR    
AC r4/8 Gottfrid Svensson 22 Sweden SWE    
AC r3/8 Ville Pukkila 21 Finland FIN    
AC r3/8 Ernő Márkus 22 Hungary HUN    
AC r3/8 József Sándor 19 Hungary HUN    
AC r3/8 Alessandro Covre   Italy ITA    
AC r3/8 Hugo Björklund 26 Sweden SWE    
AC r3/8 Karel Halík 28 Bohemia BOH    
AC r2/8 Josef Stejskal 22 Austria AUT    
AC r2/8 Paul Tirkkonen 27 Finland FIN    
AC r2/8 Jean Bouffechoux 31 France FRA    
AC r2/8 Raymond Cabal 24 France FRA    
AC r2/8 Eugène Lesieur 22 France FRA    
AC r2/8 William Hayes 21 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 William Lupton 27 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 Robert Phelps 21 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 William Ruff 29 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 Andreas Dumrauf 23 Germany GER    
AC r2/8 Bert Eillebrecht 23 Netherlands NED    
AC r2/8 Thorbjørn Frydenlund 19 Norway NOR    
AC r2/8 Thorvald Olsen 22 Norway NOR    
AC r2/8 Georg Baumann 19 Russia RUS    
AC r2/8 August Kippasto 24 Russia RUS    
AC r2/8 Bror Flygare 23 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/8 Carl Johnson 28 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/8 Rudolf Rydström 26 Sweden SWE    
AC r1/8 Arthur Gould 20 Great Britain GBR    
AC r1/8 Árpád Szántó 22 Hungary HUN  

Men's Middleweight A, Greco-Roman

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Format: Double-elimination tournament. When three or fewer wrestlers remained, they advanced to a final-round tournament.

Competitors 38from 13 nations

Summary

[Alois Totuschek] of Austria had won two international championships in 1909 and 1910 in this weight class, while [Alfred )Alppo) Asikainen] (FIN) had triumphed at a 1911 meet in Helsinki. Totuschek lost his first round match against Sweden's [Claes Johanson], and was eliminated after losing in the fourth round.

Asikainen fared better, advancing to the round one of the finals where he met [Martin "Max" Klein], who was from Estonia and represented Russia in 1912. In their match, Klein and Asikainen wrestled for 11 hours under a hot sun before Klein finally prevailed by pinning the Finn. But he was so exhausted from the effort that he could not continue and Johanson, who he was to have met in the final match, won the gold medal by default. Johanson later won the European championship in 1913 and in 1920 at Antwerp, won another Olympic gold medal, this time [wrestling as a light-heavyweight].

The Greco-Roman middleweight competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics was part of the wrestling programme.

The event was held from July 6, 1912, to July 15, 1912. The official name was Middleweight A (maximum weight of 75 kilogram/165 lbs). A maximum of 12 wrestlers from the same nation were allowed to start. 38 wrestlers from 13 nations competed. The Swedish hosts had the strongest team with nine wrestlers.

The competition used a form of double-elimination tournament. Rather than using the brackets that are now standard for double-elimination contests (and which assure that each match is between two competitors with the same number of losses), each wrestler drew a number. The drawing and weighing was held on Sunday, July 6 from 2p.m. to 3.30p.m. at the Stadium. Each man would face off against the wrestler with the next number, provided he had not already faced that wrestler and that the wrestler was not from the same nation as him (unless this was necessary to avoid byes).

When only three wrestlers remain (the medalists), the double-elimination halts and a special final round is used to determine the order of the medals.

Final round

With three wrestlers remaining, all of the previous results were ignored for the final round.

The bout between Klein and Asikainen turned out to be the last match, which lasted 11 hours and forty minutes, which is the world's longest wrestling match.

After Klein finally claimed victory, he was completely exhausted and was ruled unfit to compete in the final. Thus Johanson, whose only loss in the elimination rounds had been via a double loss to Asikainen, became the gold medalist.

Match   Winner Loser  
A To C  Martin Klein (RUS)  Alfred Asikainen (FIN) To B
B To C  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Alfred Asikainen (FIN) Bronze
C Gold  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Martin Klein (RUS) Silver

Results

First round

38 wrestlers began the competition.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Edvin Fältström (SWE)  Anastasios Antonopoulos (GRE) 1
0  Peter Kokotowitsch (AUT)  Andrea Gargano (ITA) 1
0  Jānis Polis (RUS)  Stanley Bacon (GBR) 1
0  August Jokinen (FIN)  Alfred Gundersen (NOR) 1
0  Alfred Asikainen (FIN)  Edgar Bacon (GBR) 1
0  Fridolf Lundsten (FIN)  Viktor Melin (SWE) 1
0  Zavirre Carcereri (ITA)  Joaquim Vital (POR) 1
0  Mauritz Andersson (SWE)  Adrien Barrier (FRA) 1
0  Axel Frank (SWE)  Aleksandr Severov (RUS) 1
0  Emil Westerlund (FIN)  Theodor Dahlberg (SWE) 1
0  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Alois Totuschek (AUT) 1
0  Theodor Tirkkonen (FIN)  Noel Rhys (GBR) 1
0  Jan Sint (NED)  Sven Ohlsson (SWE) 1
0  Fritz Johansson (SWE)  Hvitfeldt Hansen (DEN) 1
0  Árpád Miskey (HUN)  Theodor Bergqvist (SWE) 1
0  Martin Klein (RUS)  Rezső Somogyi (HUN) 1
0  Adolf Kurz (GER)  Anders Andersen (DEN) 1
0  Joseph Merkle (GER)  Mikko Holm (FIN) 1
0  Karl Åberg (FIN)  Wilhelm Steputat (GER) 1

Second round

Alfred Gundersen and Wiktor Melin withdrew after their first round losses. 36 wrestlers started the second round, 19 with no losses and 17 with one.

11 were eliminated. 8 survived potential elimination (5 by eliminating another wrestler, 2 by giving previously undefeated wrestlers their first losses, and 1 via a bye). 6 received their first loss, while 13 remained undefeated (including one via bye).

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Andrea Gargano (ITA)  Anastasios Antonopoulos (GRE) 2
0  Edvin Fältström (SWE)  Peter Kokotowitsch (AUT) 1
0  August Jokinen (FIN)  Jānis Polis (RUS) 1
0  Alfred Asikainen (FIN)  Stanley Bacon (GBR) 2
0  Fridolf Lundstein (FIN)  Edgar Bacon (GBR) 2
0  Mauritz Andersson (SWE)  Zavirre Carcereri (ITA) 1
1  Joaquim Victal (POR)  Adrien Barrier (FRA) 2
0  Axel Frank (SWE)  Emil Westerlund (FIN) 1
1  Aleksandr Siewierow (RUS)  Theodor Dahlberg (SWE) 2
0  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Teodor Tirkkonen (FIN) 1
1  Alois Totuschek (AUT)  Noel Rhys (GBR) 2
0  Jan Sint (NED)  Hvitfeldt Hansen (DEN) 2
0  Árpád Miskey (HUN)  Sven Ohlsson (SWE) 2
0  Frits Johansson (SWE)  Rezső Somogyi (HUN) 2
0  Martin Klein (RUS)  Theodor Bergqvist (SWE) 2
1  Mikko Holm (FIN)  Anders Andersen (DEN) 2
0  Karl Åberg (FIN)  Adolf Kurz (GER) 1
0  Joseph Merkle (GER) Bye
1  Wilhelm Steputat (GER) Bye

Third round

25 wrestlers started the third round, 13 with no losses and 12 with one.

6 were eliminated. 6 survived potential elimination (3 by eliminating another wrestler and 3 by giving previously undefeated wrestlers their first losses). 7 received their first loss, while 6 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Joseph Merkle (GER)  Edvin Fältström (SWE) 1
1  Andrea Gargano (ITA)  Wilhelm Steputat (GER) 2
1  Peter Kokotowitsch (AUT)  Jānis Polis (RUS) 2
0  August Jokinen (FIN)  Zavirre Carcereri (ITA) 2
0  Alfred Asikainen (FIN)  Joaquim Victal (POR) 2
0  Fridolf Lundstein (FIN)  Mauritz Andersson (SWE) 1
1  Alois Totuschek (AUT)  Axel Frank (SWE) 1
0  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Aleksandr Siewierow (RUS) 2
1  Emil Westerlund (FIN)  Jan Sint (NED) 1
1  Teodor Tirkkonen (FIN)  Frits Johansson (SWE) 1
0  Martin Klein (RUS)  Árpád Miskey (HUN) 1
1  Mikko Holm (FIN)  Adolf Kurz (GER) 2
0  Karl Åberg (FIN)  Joseph Merkle (GER) 1

Fourth round

Axel Frank withdrew after his first loss, in the third round. 18 wrestlers started the fourth round, 6 with no losses and 12 with one.

Of the 9 matches, 8 resulted in an elimination. Only in the match between undefeated pair Johansson and Lundstein (in which no elimination was possible) did both wrestlers continue to the fifth round. In the four matches between an undefeated wrestler and one with one loss, the undefeated man won again, making Lundstein the only wrestler to lose undefeated status. The four remaining matches were all between two men with one loss apiece.

8 wrestlers were eliminated. 4 survived potential elimination. 1 received his first loss, while 5 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Edvin Fältström (SWE)  Andrea Gargano (ITA) 2
0  August Jokinen (FIN)  Peter Kokotowitsch (AUT) 2
0  Alfred Asikainen (FIN)  Mauritz Andersson (SWE) 2
0  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Fridolf Lundstein (FIN) 1
1  Emil Westerlund (FIN)  Alois Totuschek (AUT) 2
1  Jan Sint (NED)  Teodor Tirkkonen (FIN) 2
1  Mikko Holm (FIN)  Frits Johansson (SWE) 2
0  Karl Åberg (FIN)  Árpád Miskey (HUN) 2
0  Martin Klein (RUS)  Joseph Merkle (GER) 2

Fifth round

10 wrestlers started the fifth round, 5 with no losses and 5 with one.

2 of the 5 matches resulted in double losses. Asikainen and Johanson both received their first loss in their match, while Klein took his first loss in the match that eliminated Westerlund.

In all, 4 wrestlers were eliminated. 1 survived potential elimination. 3 received their first losses, while 2 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  August Jokinen (FIN)  Edvin Fältström (SWE) 2
1*  Alfred Asikainen (FIN)  Claes Johanson (SWE) 1*
1  Jan Sint (NED)  Fridolf Lundstein (FIN) 2
1*  Martin Klein (RUS)  Emil Westerlund (FIN) 2*
0  Karl Åberg (FIN)  Mikko Holm (FIN) 2

Sixth round

6 wrestlers started the sixth round, 2 with no losses and 4 with one.

Only one man was eliminated in the sixth round. The other two matches were both potential eliminations (and thus, the sixth could have been the last non-final round), but the man with one loss came out on top of the undefeated wrestler in both of those. Thus, all 5 remaining men had one loss going into the seventh and last elimination round.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Claes Johanson (SWE)  August Jokinen (FIN) 1
1  Alfred Asikainen (FIN)  Jan Sint (NED) 2
1  Martin Klein (RUS)  Karl Åberg (FIN) 1

Seventh round

5 wrestlers started the seventh round, all with one loss.

Asikainen's bye in the round guaranteed him a medal. Klein defeated Jokinen to join him in the medals round, while Johansson defeated Åberg to make the third.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Martin Klein (RUS)  August Jokinen (FIN) 2
1  Claes Johanson (SWE)  Karl Åberg (FIN) 2
1  Alfred Asikainen (FIN) Bye

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Claes Johanson 27 Sweden SWE Gold  
2 Martin Klein 27 Russia RUS Silver  
3 Alppo Asikainen 23 Finland FIN Bronze  
AC r7/8 August Jokinen 23 Finland FIN    
AC r7/8 Konrad Åberg 22 Finland FIN    
AC r6/8 Jan Sint 25 Netherlands NED    
AC r5/8 Mikko Holm 22 Finland FIN    
AC r5/8 Fridolf Lundsten 27 Finland FIN    
AC r5/8 Emil Westerlund 25 Finland FIN    
AC r5/8 Edvin Fältström 21 Sweden SWE    
AC r4/8 Peter Kokotowitsch 21 Austria AUT    
AC r4/8 Alois Totuschek 27 Austria AUT    
AC r4/8 Theodor Tirkkonen 29 Finland FIN    
AC r4/8 Joseph Merkle 29 Germany GER    
AC r4/8 Árpád Miskey 25 Hungary HUN    
AC r4/8 Andrea Gargano   Italy ITA    
AC r4/8 Mauritz Andersson 25 Sweden SWE    
AC r4/8 Fritz Johansson 18 Sweden SWE    
AC r3/8 Adolf Kurz 24 Germany GER    
AC r3/8 Willi Steputat 23 Germany GER    
AC r3/8 Zavirre Carcereri 36 Italy ITA    
AC r3/8 Jānis Polis 19 Russia RUS    
AC r3/8 Aleksandr Severov 23 Russia RUS    
AC r3/8 Axel Frank 29 Sweden SWE    
AC r3/8 Joaquim Vital 27 Portugal POR    
AC r2/8 Anders Andersen 30 Denmark DEN    
AC r2/8 Hvitfeldt Hansen 21 Denmark DEN    
AC r2/8 Adrien Barrier 21 France FRA    
AC r2/8 Edgar Bacon 24 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 Stanley Bacon 26 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 Noel Rhys 24 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/8 Anastasios Antonopoulos   Greece GRE    
AC r2/8 Rezső Somogyi 24 Hungary HUN    
AC r2/8 Theodor Bergqvist 26 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/8 Theodor Dahlberg 28 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/8 Sven Ohlsson 26 Sweden SWE    
AC r1/8 Alfred Gundersen 19 Norway NOR    
AC r1/8 Viktor Melin 21 Sweden SWE  

Men's Middleweight B, Greco-Roman (Light heavy)

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Date Started: July 7, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Format: Double-elimination tournament. When three or fewer wrestlers remained, they advanced to a final-round tournament.

Competitors 29from 12 nations

Summary

In the Official Report, this class was termed the "Middleweight B" class, which differentiated it from the [75 kg. class], which was called the )Middleweight A) class. In modern sources, it is usually called the light-heavyweight class.

[Anders Ahlgren] of Sweden had won medals at three international competitions in 1910-1911, while Finland's [Ivar Böling] was less well known. After eight rounds, Ahlgren had thrown four opponents, and received four byes or walkovers. Böling had been less impressive, advancing through eight rounds with two throws, two decisions, two wins by default, and two byes. But in the final match, which started at 0920 and continued until 2000, no decision was reached. With a short intervalk every 30th minute, they effectively wrestled for nine hours. The three judges then ruled the match a double loss, usually called, erroneously, a draw. As there was no winner, a gold medal was not awarded, so Ahlgren and Böling were declared co-silver medalists.

he Greco-Roman light heavyweight competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics was part of the wrestling programme.

The competition used a form of double-elimination tournament. Rather than using the brackets that are now standard for double-elimination contests (and which assure that each match is between two competitors with the same number of losses), each wrestler drew a number. Each man would face off against the wrestler with the next number, provided he had not already faced that wrestler and that the wrestler was not from the same nation as him (unless this was necessary to avoid byes).

When only three wrestlers remain (the medalists), the double-elimination halts and a special final round is used to determine the order of the medals.

The event was unusual in that no gold medal was awarded. The final match between Ahlgren and Böhling was declared a draw after more than 9 hours of wrestling. Since the rules of the contest were worded in such a way that the gold medalist had to have defeated his opponent, neither man could take the gold medal and both received silver.

Final round

With three wrestlers remaining, all of the previous results were ignored for the final round.

Ahlgren and Böhling took turns defeating Varga, giving the Hungarian wrestler the bronze medal. The two remaining wrestlers had both moved through the elimination rounds undefeated, having not faced each other yet. The final match resulted in neither man able to defeat the other despite nine hours of trying. The match was eventually called a draw, and since neither man could claim victory both were awarded silver medals.

Match   Winner Loser  
A To C  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Béla Varga (HUN) To B
B To C  Ivar Böhling (FIN)  Béla Varga (HUN) Bronze
C Silver  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Ivar Böhling (FIN) Silver

Results

First round

29 wrestlers began the competition.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Ivar Böhling (FIN)  Édouard Martin (FRA) 1
0  Anders Rajala (FIN)  Karl Groß (GER) 1
0  Peter Oehler (GER)  Otto Nagel (DEN) 1
0  Oreste Arpè (ITA)  Oskar Kumpu (FIN) 1
0  Sigurjón Pétursson (ISL)  Gustaf Lind (FIN) 1
0  Johan Salila (FIN)  Ragnar Fogelmark (SWE) 1
0  Oskar Wiklund (FIN)  Johannes Eriksen (DEN) 1
0  Béla Varga (HUN)  Karl Ekman (SWE) 1
0  Knut Lindberg (FIN)  Fritz Lange (GER) 1
0  Renato Gardini (ITA)  Johann Trestler (AUT) 1
0  Karl Lind (FIN)  Ansgar Løvold (NOR) 1
0  August Pikker (RUS)  Karl Barl (AUT) 1
0  Johan Andersson (SWE)  František Kopřiva (BOH) 1
0  Jens Christensen (DEN)  Ernst Nilsson (SWE) 1
0  Anders Ahlgren (SWE) Bye

Second round

29 wrestlers started the second round, 15 with no losses and 14 with one. Ahlgren, who had had a bye in the first round, wrestled twice in the second.

10 wrestlers were eliminated, the most possible given that 5 of the 15 matches were between two undefeated wrestlers. 4 survived potential elimination by eliminating another wrestler. 5 received their first loss, while 10 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Edouard Martin (FRA) 2
0  Ivar Böhling (FIN)  Karl Gross (GER) 2
0  Anders Rajala (FIN)  Otto Nagel (DEN) 2
0  Peter Oehler (GER)  Oskar Kumpu (FIN) 2
0  Oreste Arpe (ITA)  Gustaf Lind (FIN) 2
0  Sigurjón Pétursson (ISL)  Johan Salila (FIN) 1
1  Johannes Eriksen (DEN)  Ragnar Fogelmark (SWE) 2
0  Oscar Wiklund (FIN)  Béla Varga (HUN) 1
0  Knut Lindberg (FIN)  Karl Ekman (SWE) 2
1  Fritz Lange (GER)  Johann Trestler (AUT) 2
0  Renato Gardini (ITA)  Karl Lind (FIN) 1
1  Karl Barl (AUT)  Ansgar Løvold (NOR) 2
0  Johan Andersson (SWE)  Augusts Pikker (RUS) 1
1  Ernst Nilsson (SWE)  František Kopřiva (BOH) 2
0  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Jens Christensen (DEN) 1

Third round

Augusts Pikker withdrew after his first loss, in the second round. 18 wrestlers started the third round, 10 with no losses and 8 with one.

3 wrestlers were eliminated. 5 survived potential elimination, 2 by eliminating another wrestler and 3 by defeating a previously undefeated man. 6 received their first loss, while 4 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Ivar Böhling (FIN)  Peter Oehler (GER) 1
0  Anders Rajala (FIN)  Oreste Arpe (ITA) 1
1  Johannes Eriksen (DEN)  Johan Salila (FIN) 2
0  Oscar Wiklund (FIN)  Sigurjón Pétursson (ISL) 1
1  Béla Varga (HUN)  Knut Lindberg (FIN) 1
1  Fritz Lange (GER)  Johan Andersson (SWE) 1
1  Ernst Nilsson (SWE)  Renato Gardini (ITA) 1
0  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Karl Lind (FIN) 2
1  Jens Christensen (DEN)  Karl Barl (AUT) 2

Fourth round

15 wrestlers started the fourth round, 4 with no losses and 11 with one.

5 wrestlers were eliminated. 6 survived potential elimination, 3 by eliminating another wrestler and 2 by defeating a previously undefeated man (the 6th had a bye). 2 received their first loss, while Ahlgren and Böhling remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Ivar Böhling (FIN)  Oreste Arpe (ITA) 2
1  Sigurjón Pétursson (ISL)  Anders Rajala (FIN) 1
1  Johannes Eriksen (DEN)  Peter Oehler (GER) 2
1  Fritz Lange (GER)  Oscar Wiklund (FIN) 1
1  Béla Varga (HUN)  Johan Andersson (SWE) 2
1  Knut Lindberg (FIN)  Ernst Nilsson (SWE) 2
0  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Renato Gardini (ITA) 2
1  Jens Christensen (DEN) Bye

Fifth round

Oscar Wiklund withdrew after his first loss, in the fourth round. 9 wrestlers started the fifth round, 2 with no losses and 7 with one.

4 wrestlers were eliminated in 4 matches. 3 survived potential elimination, 2 by eliminating another wrestler and 1 via a bye. Both of the undefeated wrestlers remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Ivar Böhling (FIN)  Jens Christensen (DEN) 2
1  Anders Rajala (FIN)  Johannes Eriksen (DEN) 2
1  Béla Varga (HUN)  Sigurjón Pétursson (ISL) 2
0  Anders Ahlgren (SWE)  Knut Lindberg (FIN) 2
1  Fritz Lange (GER) Bye

Sixth round

5 wrestlers started the sixth round, 2 with no losses and 3 with one.

Böhling's win over Lange meant that the sixth round would the last elimination round, and that Böhling and Ahlgren (who had a bye in the round) would move on. The only other match in the round, between Varga and Rajala, determined the third finalist, with Varga handing Rajala his second loss to eliminate the Finn and move on to the finals round.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Ivar Böhling (FIN)  Fritz Lange (GER) 2
1  Béla Varga (HUN)  Anders Rajala (FIN) 2
0  Anders Ahlgren (SWE) Bye

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
2T Anders Ahlgren 24 Sweden SWE Silver  
2T Ivar Böhling 22 Finland FIN Silver  
3 Béla Varga 22 Hungary HUN Bronze  
AC r6/7 August Rajala 20 Finland FIN    
AC r6/7 Fritz Lange 27 Germany GER    
AC r5/7 Harald Christensen 28 Denmark DEN    
AC r5/7 Johannes Eriksen 22 Denmark DEN    
AC r5/7 Knut Lindberg 32 Finland FIN    
AC r5/7 Sigurjón Pétursson 24 Iceland ISL    
AC r4/7 Oskar Wiklund 23 Finland FIN    
AC r4/7 Peter Öhler 28 Germany GER    
AC r4/7 Oreste Arpè 22 Italy ITA    
AC r4/7 Renato Gardini 23 Italy ITA    
AC r4/7 Johan Andersson 23 Sweden SWE    
AC r4/7 Ernst Nilsson 20 Sweden SWE    
AC r3/7 Karl Barl 31 Austria AUT    
AC r3/7 Karl Lind 31 Finland FIN    
AC r3/7 Jussi Salila 27 Finland FIN    
AC r2/7 Johann Trestler 24 Austria AUT    
AC r2/7 Otto Nagel 23 Denmark DEN    
AC r2/7 Oskar Kumpu 23 Finland FIN    
AC r2/7 Lennart Lind 18 Finland FIN    
AC r2/7 Édouard Martin 22 France FRA    
AC r2/7 Karl Groß 28 Germany GER    
AC r2/7 Ansgar Løvold 23 Norway NOR    
AC r2/7 August Pikker 23 Russia RUS    
AC r2/7 Karl Ekman 20 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/7 Ragnar Fogelmark 24 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/7 FrantiÅ¡ek Kopřiva 19 Bohemia BOH  

Men's Heavyweight, Greco-Roman

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Date Started: July 7, 1912
Date Finished: July 14, 1912
Format: Double-elimination tournament. When three or fewer wrestlers remained, they advanced to a final-round tournament.

Competitors 17from 9 nations

 

Summary

The deciding match came down to [Yrjö Saarela] of Finland and [Søren Jensen] of Denmark. Both were top international wrestlers. During his career, Jensen won eight medals at the Olympics, World Championships, and European championships, including a gold medal in the [heavyweight class at the 1906 Olympic Games]. Saarela had won one of the World Championships held in 1911, this one in Helsinki. But at Stockholm, Saarela prevailed, although only after three hours under a hot sun, when Jensen was forced to retire. Saarela had also won a silver medal at the 1908 Olympics in the [light-heavyweight (93 kg.) class]. In 1912, he earned, in addition to his gold medal, possession of the Challenge Trophy for the heavyweight Greco-Roman Wrestling, which had been donated in 1908 by The Gold and Silversmiths of Great Britain.

The Greco-Roman heavyweight competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics was part of the wrestling programme.

The competition used a form of double-elimination tournament. Rather than using the brackets that are now standard for double-elimination contests (and which assure that each match is between two competitors with the same number of losses), each wrestler drew a number. Each man would face off against the wrestler with the next number, provided he had not already faced that wrestler and that the wrestler was not from the same nation as him (unless this was necessary to avoid byes).

When only three wrestlers remain (the medalists), the double-elimination halts and a special final round is used to determine the order of the medals.

Final round

With three wrestlers remaining, all of the previous results were ignored for the final round.

Match   Winner Loser  
A To C  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  Søren Jensen (DEN) To B
B To C  Johan Olin (FIN)  Søren Jensen (DEN) Bronze
C Gold  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  Johan Olin (FIN) Silver

Results

First round

17 wrestlers began the competition.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  David Karlsson (SWE) 1
0  Kalle Viljamaa (FIN)  Jean Hauptmanns (GER) 1
0  Johan Olin (FIN)  Raoul Paoli (FRA) 1
0  Gustaf Lindstrand (SWE)  Laurent Gerstmans (BEL) 1
0  Barend Bonneveld (NED)  Emil Backenius (FIN) 1
0  Jakob Neser (GER)  Nikolajs Fārnasts (RUS) 1
0  Søren Jensen (DEN)  Edward Barrett (GBR) 1
0  Adolf Lindfors (FIN)  Alrik Sandberg (SWE) 1
0  Gustaf Pelander (FIN) Bye

Second round

17 wrestlers started the second round, 9 with no losses and 8 with one. Pelander, who had had a bye in the first round, wrestled twice in the second.

6 wrestlers were eliminated, the most possible given that 3 of the 9 matches were between two undefeated wrestlers. 2 survived potential elimination by eliminating another wrestler. 3 received their first loss, while 6 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Gustaf Pelander (FIN)  David Karlsson (SWE) 2
0  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  Jean Hauptmanns (GER) 2
0  Kalle Viljaama (FIN)  Raoul Paoli (FRA) 2
0  Johan Olin (FIN)  Gustaf Lindstrand (SWE) 1
1  Emil Backenius (FIN)  Laurent Gerstmans (BEL) 2
0  Jakob Neser (GER)  Barend Bonneveld (NED) 1
1  Edward Barrett (GBR)  Nikolajs Farnest (RUS) 2
0  Søren Jensen (DEN)  Adolf Lindfors (FIN) 1
0  Gustaf Pelander (FIN)  Alrik Sandberg (SWE) 2

Third round

11 wrestlers started the third round, 6 with no losses and 5 with one.

3 wrestlers were eliminated, the most possible given that 2 of the 5 matches were between two undefeated wrestlers. 2 survived potential elimination, 1 by eliminating another wrestler and 1 via a bye. 2 received their first loss, while 4 remained undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
0  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  Gustaf Lindstrand (SWE) 2
0  Kalle Viljaama (FIN)  Barend Bonneveld (NED) 2
0  Johan Olin (FIN)  Jakob Neser (GER) 1
1  Emil Backenius (FIN)  Edward Barrett (GBR) 2
0  Søren Jensen (DEN)  Gustaf Pelander (FIN) 1
1  Adolf Lindfors (FIN) Bye

Fourth round

8 wrestlers started the fourth round, 4 with no losses and 4 with one.

The matches in this round were all symmetrical in terms of number of losses by the wrestlers involved. Two involved a pair of wrestlers with one loss each, with the other two being contested by the four undefeated wrestlers. This led to two men being eliminated, two surviving potential elimination, two receiving their first loss, and two remaining undefeated.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Jakob Neser (GER)  Adolf Lindfors (FIN) 2
0  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  Søren Jensen (DEN) 1
0  Kalle Viljaama (FIN)  Johan Olin (FIN) 1
1  Emil Backenius (FIN)  Gustaf Pelander (FIN) 2

Fifth round

6 wrestlers started the fifth round, 2 with no losses and 4 with one.

In what could have been the last elimination round, the two undefeated wrestlers each faced off against a man with one loss. Olin's survival of his potential elimination by defeating Saarela was the first instance of a man with one loss defeating an undefeated wrestler in the event; it was followed closely by Neser's defeat of Viljaama. Each of those four men advanced to the sixth round along with Jensen, who had won the only certain loser-out match of the round against Backenius.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Johan Olin (FIN)  Yrjö Saarela (FIN) 1
1  Jakob Neser (GER)  Kalle Viljaama (FIN) 1
1  Søren Jensen (DEN)  Emil Backenius (FIN) 2

Sixth round

5 wrestlers started the fourth round, all with one loss.

With only five men left, and all having a loss, the sixth round would have consisted of two matches that were both sure to be loser-out. Viljaama, however, withdrew after having suffered his first loss. This left only one match in the sixth round, and Olin and Jensen had the byes. Neser faced Saarela; the German was unable to survive elimination a second time in a row and fell to the Finn.

Losses Winner Loser Losses
1  Yrjö Saarela (FIN)  Jakob Neser (GER) 2
1  Johan Olin (FIN) Bye
1  Søren Jensen (DEN) Bye

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Yrjö Saarela 29 Finland FIN Gold  
2 Johan Olin 28 Finland FIN Silver  
3 Søren Jensen 33 Denmark DEN Bronze  
4 Jakob Neser 28 Germany GER    
AC r5/7 Emil Backenius 28 Finland FIN    
AC r5/7 Kalle Viljamaa 27 Finland FIN    
AC r4/7 Adolf Lindfors 33 Finland FIN    
AC r4/7 Uuno Pelander 24 Finland FIN    
AC r3/7 Barend Bonneveld 24 Netherlands NED    
AC r3/7 Gustaf Lindstrand 29 Sweden SWE    
AC r3/7 Ned Barrett 34 Great Britain GBR    
AC r2/7 Laurent Gerstmans 27 Belgium BEL    
AC r2/7 Jean Hauptmanns 26 Germany GER    
AC r2/7 Nikolajs Fārnasts 26 Russia RUS    
AC r2/7 David Karlsson 31 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/7 Alrik Sandberg 27 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/7 Raoul Paoli 24 France FRA  

 

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