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1936  Berlin Summer Olympics

1936 Summer Olympics - The Results (Football)

Football at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games

 

  

Host City: Berlin, Germany
Date Started: August 3, 1936
Date Finished: August 15, 1936
Events: 1

Participants: 201 (201 men and 0 women) from 16 countries
Youngest Participant: EGY Abdel-Karim Sakr (15 years, 112 days)
Oldest Participant: FIN William Kanerva (33 years, 251 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 41 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): 3 countries with 1 medal

  

Overview

Football was on the Olympic Program at every Olympics from 1900-28, but it was not be on the Olympic Program at the 1932 Olympics. In February 1928 FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) voted to contest a World Cup competition, open to all players, beginning in 1930. FIFA was no longer pleased that the IOC controlled Olympic football, and that the amateur rules for the Olympics prevented many of the best football players from competing. Due to the dispute between the IOC and FIFA over Olympic eligibility, with FIFA playing hardball as they tried to establish the World Cup as the premier football tournament, football would not be contested at the 1932 Olympics.

However, football returned in 1936 as the IOC and FIFA worked out their differences, but the Olympic event was strictly amateur, as it would remain until the 1980s. Because of this several European countries withdrew their entries, as did most of the South American teams, with only Peru, hardly a football power, competing from South America.

Sixteen nations eventually competed in a single-elimination tournament, which fit nicely, with Italy winning the gold medal in a 2-1 extra-time victory over Austria in the final match. The tournament was contested at four sites around Berlin – Olympiastadion on the Reichssportfeld (the main Olympic Stadium); Mommsenstadion; Poststadion; and Hertha-Berliner-Sport-Club-Platz.

Summary

Already before the 1928 Olympics, the FIFA and the IOC had been in conflict over amateur rules. When FIFA allowed professional players to compete at the inaugural World Cup in 1930, football was scratched as an Olympic sport by the IOC Executive committee. It was reinstated for 1936, but amateur rules were enforced. Players were not allowed to receive any compensation, including wage compensation paid to their employers. This ruling caused several European countries to withdraw their entries, and most South American teams forfeited as well.

A major surprise occurred in the first round of the tournament, when medal favourite Sweden was eliminated by Japan despite leading 2-0 at half-time.

Another Scandinavian team, Norway, caused a surprise by eliminated the home team in the quarter-finals. The match was attended by German chancellor Adolf Hitler, who edly left the stadium in anger after the German loss. Norway eventually held on for third place. The most notable match, however, was another quarter- final, Peru v Austria. The match saw Peru come from 0-2 behind to win the match 4-2 after extra time. But the contest was marred by rough play from both sides, and in overtime several Peruvian spectators stormed the field and held the Austrian players. Because of this, Austria filed a protest, which was upheld by the jury of appeal. A replay was ordered, but Peru failed to show up for that match, with Austria advancing by forfeit. Back in Lima, the decision to replay the match caused riots at the German and Austrian embassies.

The Austrians reached the final, in which they played Italy. Italy was the reigning World Champion, but all of the 1934 players were professionals and not allowed to play in Berlin. As in 1928, the final score was 1-1 after 90 minutes. Italy scored quickly in overtime, and the exhausted Austrians were unable to crack their opponent's defense in the remaining minutes. Three players would also play on the Italian squad that won the 1938 World Cup: [Alfredo Foni], [Ugo Locatelli] and [Pietro Rava].

Football at the 1936 Summer Olympics was won by Italy. After the introduction of the first FIFA World Cup in 1930 (which had, in itself lead to the absence of a football tournament from the 1932 Games programme), competing nations would from now on only be permitted to play their best players if those players were amateur or (where national associations were assisted by interested states to traverse such a rule) where professional players were state-sponsored

  

Venues

  
Berlin
Football at the 1936 Summer Olympics is located in Berlin
Olympia-stadion
Olympia-stadion
Stadion am Gesundbrunnen
Stadion am Gesundbrunnen
Poststadion
Poststadion
Mommsenstadion
Mommsenstadion
Berlin
Olympiastadion Stadion am Gesundbrunnen
Capacity: 100,000 Capacity: 35,239
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R82532, Berlin, Olympia-Stadion (Luftaufnahme).jpg
Σχετική εικόνα
Berlin Berlin
Poststadion Mommsenstadion
Capacity: 45,000 Capacity: 15,005
Poststadion main stand far.jpg WestendMommsenstadion-4.JPG
 

Medalists

Gold Silver Bronze
 Italy (ITA)
Bruno Venturini
Alfredo Foni
Pietro Rava
Giuseppe Baldo
Achille Piccini
Ugo Locatelli
Annibale Frossi
Libero Marchini
Luigi Scarabello
Carlo Biagi
Giulio Cappelli
Sergio Bertoni
Alfonso Negro
Francesco Gabriotti
 Austria (AUT)
Franz Fuchsberger
Max Hofmeister
Eduard Kainberger
Karl Kainberger
Martin Kargl
Josef Kitzmüller
Anton Krenn
Ernst Künz
Adolf Laudon
Franz Mandl
Klement Steinmetz
Karl Wahlmüller
Walter Werginz
 Norway (NOR)
Henry Johansen
Fredrik Horn
Nils Eriksen
Frithjof Ulleberg
Jørgen Juve
Rolf Holmberg
Sverre Hansen
Magnar Isaksen
Alf Martinsen
Reidar Kvammen
Arne Brustad
Øivind Holmsen
Odd Frantzen
Magdalon Monsen

 

Peruvian goalkeeper Juan Valdivieso

reaches out for the football during

match between Austria and Peru.

Final tournament

The Italians, winners against the Austrians at the 1934 World Cup now found the Olympic side, with ten changes, a completely different proposition. The Azzurri included players such as Alfredo Foni, Pietro Rava and Ugo Locatelli, who would all play in their World Cup victory in Paris. That they eventually prevailed was due to two incidents: the first when their bespectacled forward Frossi scored, the second when Weingartner, the German referee, was literally restrained from sending off Archille Piccini after fouling two Americans. Italian players held both his arms and covered his mouth in protest. Piccini stayed on the park, Italy won. This was something more than Sweden managed in their tie with Japan the next day in Berlin. Two-nil up within 45 minutes, their loss was recorded by the Swedish commentator, Sven Jerring, calling “Japanese, Japanese, Japanese, Japanese all over” (Japaner, japaner, japaner, ôverallt japaner.) during the final minutes as the Japanese defenders held out to run out as winners 3–2. It marked the first time an Asian side had participated in either the World Cup or Olympic Games football competition and the first time an Asian side emerged victorious. Their neighbours, China, lost 0–2 to Great Britain on the next day. Otherwise there were wins for Peru and the hosts, 9–0 versus Luxembourg.

Bracket

  Round of 16   Quarter-finals   Semi-finals   Final
                             
  3 August – Berlin                
 
   Italy 1
  7 August – Berlin
   United States 0  
   Italy 8
  4 August – Berlin
     Japan 0  
   Japan 3
    10 August – Berlin
   Sweden 2  
   Italy (a.e.t.) 2
  3 August – Berlin
     Norway 1  
   Norway 4
  7 August – Berlin  
   Turkey 0  
   Norway 2
  4 August – Berlin
     Germany 0  
   Germany 9
    15 August – Berlin
   Luxembourg 0  
   Italy (a.e.t.) 2
  5 August – Berlin
     Austria 1
   Austria 3
  8 August – Berlin  
   Egypt 1  
   Austria 2
  6 August – Berlin
     Peru (a.e.t.) 42  
   Peru 7
    11 August – Berlin
   Finland 3  
   Austria 3
  5 August – Berlin
     Poland 1   Third place
   Poland 3
  8 August – Berlin   13 August – Berlin
   Hungary 0  
   Poland 5  Norway 3
  6 August – Berlin
     Great Britain 4    Poland 2
   Great Britain 2
     
   Republic of China 0  
 
2 Withdrew.

The Final (Gold medal match)

Italy now overcame Austria in a match refereed by Dr Peco Bauwens; the Austrians having defeated Poland to attend the final. Not that there was much in it; Frossi again scoring for the Azzurri and getting the winner just as extra-time got underway.

August 15, 1936
16:00
Italy  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Austria
Frossi Goal 70'92'   Kainberger Goal 79'
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 85.000
Referee: Peco Bauwens (GER)

Bronze medal match

August 13, 1936
16:00
Norway  3–2  Poland
Brustad Goal 15'21'84'   Wodarz Goal 5'
Peterek Goal 24' (pen.)
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 95.000
Referee: Alfred Birlem (GER)

Semi finals

August 10, 1936
17:00
Italy  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Norway
Negro Goal 15'
Frossi Goal 96'
  Brustad Goal 58'
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 95.000
Referee: Pál von Hertzka (HUN)

August 11, 1936
17:00
Austria  3–1  Poland
Kainberger Goal 14'
Laudon Goal 55'
Mandl Goal 88'
  Gad Goal 73'
Berlin Olympic Stadium (Berlin)
Attendance: 82.000
Referee: Arthur Willoughby Barton (GBR)
Italy defeated Japan after Pozzo’s decision to include Biagi, who scored goals. The same day at the Poststadion, Berlin before a crowd that included Goebbels, Göring, Hess and Hitler, Germany were knocked out 2–0 by Norway. Goebbels wrote: "The Führer is very excited, I can barely contain myself. A real bath of nerves." Norway, went on to draw with Italy in the first round of the 1938 FIFA World Cup. Germany lost 2–0 and Hitler, who had never seen a football match before, and had originally planned to watch the rowing, left early in a huff.
 
The following day at the Hertha Platz, Austria played Peru. The match was highly contested, and the game went into overtime when the Peruvians drew with the Austrians after being two goals behind. Peru 'scored' five goals during extra-time, of which three were disallowed by the referee, and won 4–2. The Austrians demanded a rematch on the grounds that Peruvian fans had stormed the field, and because the field did not meet the requirements for a football game. Austria further claimed that the Peruvian players had manhandled the Austrian players and that spectators, one holding a revolver, had "swarmed down on the field." Peru was notified of this situation, and they attempted to go to the assigned meeting but were delayed by a German parade. At the end, the Peruvian defense was never heard, and the Olympic Committee and FIFA sided with the Austrians. The rematch was scheduled to be taken under close grounds on August 10, and later re-scheduled to be taken on August 11.

A ball of the competitions is on display at the German Leather Museum.

As a sign of protest against these actions, which the Peruvians deemed as insulting and discriminatory, the complete Olympic delegations of Peru and Colombia left Germany. Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Mexico expressed their solidarity with Peru. Michael Dasso, a member of the Peruvian Olympic Committee, stated: "We've no faith in European athletics. We have come here and found a bunch of merchants." The game was awarded to Austria by default. In Peru, angry crowds protested against the decisions of the Olympic Committee by tearing down an Olympic flag, throwing stones at the German consulate, refusing to load German vessels in the docks of Callao, and listening to inflammatory speeches, which included President Oscar Benavides Larrea's mention of "the crafty Berlin decision." To this day, it is not known with certainty what exactly happened at Germany, but it is popularly believed that Adolf Hitler and the Nazi authorities might have had some involvement in this situation.

The Italian squad that won the Gold Medal
In the last of the quarter-finals Poland, assisted by their forward, Hubert Gad, played out a nine-goal party to defeat the British side; at one time they were 5–1 to the better. The Casual's Bernard Joy scored two as Britain fought back gamely but they ran out of time. Prior to the Games Daniel Pettit received a letter from the Football Association which dealt mostly with the uniform he would wear. As he explained to the academic Rachel Cutler there was a handwritten PS that said: 'As there is a month to go before we leave for Berlin kindly take some exercise.' Pettit ran around his local park
August 7, 1936
17:30
Italy  8–0  Japan
Frossi Goal 14'75'80'
Biagi Goal 32'57'81'82'
Cappelli Goal 89'
   
Berlin Mommsenstadion
Attendance: 8.000
Referee: Otto Ohlsson (SWE)

August 7, 1936
17:30
Germany  0–2  Norway
    Isaksen Goal 7'83'
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 55.000
Referee: Arthur Willoughby Barton (GBR)

August 8, 1936
17:30
Poland  5–4  Great Britain
Gad Goal 33'
Wodarz Goal 43'48'53'
Piec Goal 56'
  Clements Goal 26'
Shearer Goal 71'
Joy Goal 78'80'
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 6.000
Referee: Rudolf Eklow (SWE)

August 8, 1936
17:30
Peru  4–2 (a.e.t.) 1  Austria
Alcalde Goal 75'
Villanueva Goal 81'117'
Fernández Goal 119'
  Werginz Goal 23'
Steinmetz Goal 37'
Berlin Hertha-BSC Platz
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Thoralf Kristiansen (NOR)

1 Due to a pitch invasion, the match was declared null and void, and ordered to be replayed on August 10. Peru objected to the replay decision and withdrew from the tournament.

First round

August 3, 1936
17:30
Italy  1–0  United States
Frossi Goal 58'    
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 9.000
Referee: Carl Weingartner (GER)

August 3, 1936
17:30
Norway  4–0  Turkey
Martinsen Goal 30'70'
Brustad Goal 53'
Kvammen Goal 80'
   
Berlin Mommsenstadion
Attendance: 8.000
Referee: Giuseppe Scarpi (ITA)

August 4, 1936
17:30
Japan  3–2  Sweden
Kawamoto Goal 49'[4]
Ukon Goal 62'
Matsunaga Goal 85'
  Persson Goal 24'37'
Berlin Hertha-BSC-Platz
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Wilhelm Peters (GER)

August 4, 1936
17:30
Germany  9–0  Luxembourg
Urban Goal 16'54'75'
Simetsreiter Goal 32'48'74'
Gauchel Goal 49'89'
Elbern Goal 76'
   
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 12.000
Referee: Pál von Hertzka (HUN)

August 5, 1936
17:30
Poland  3–0  Hungary
Gad Goal 12'27'
Wodarz Goal 88'
   
Berlin Poststadion
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Raffaele Scorzoni (ITA)

August 5, 1936
17:30
Austria  3–1  Egypt
Steinmetz Goal 4'65'
Laudon Goal 7'
  Sakr Goal 85'
Berlin Mommsenstadion
Attendance: 6.000
Referee: Arthur James Jewell (GBR)

August 6, 1936
17:30
Peru  7–3  Finland
Fernández Goal 17'33'47'49'70'
Villanueva Goal 21'67'
  Kanerva Goal 42' (pen.)
Grönlund Goal 75'
Larvo Goal 80'
Berlin Hertha-BSC-Platz
Attendance: 2.500
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (ITA)

August 6, 1936
17:30
Great Britain  2–0  Republic of China
Dodds Goal 55'
Finch Goal 65'
   
Mommsenstadion, Berlin
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Helmut Fink (GER)

Goalscorers

7 goals
  • Italy Annibale Frossi (Italy)
6 goals
  • Peru Teodoro Fernández (Peru)
5 goals
  • Norway Arne Brustad (Norway)
  • Poland Gerard Wodarz (Poland)
4 goals
  • Italy Carlo Biagi (Italy)
  • Peru Alejandro Villanueva (Peru)
  • Poland Hubert Gad (Poland)
3 goals
  • Austria Klement Steinmetz (Austria)
  • Germany Wilhelm Simetsreiter (Germany)
  • Germany Adolf Urban (Germany)
2 goals
  • Austria Karl Kainberger (Austria)
  • Austria Adolf Laudon (Austria)
  • Germany Josef Gauchel (Germany)
  • United Kingdom Bernard Joy (Great Britain)
  • Norway Magnar Isaksen (Norway)
  • Norway Alf Martinsen (Norway)
  • Sweden Erik Persson (Sweden)
1 goal
  • Austria Franz Mandl (Austria)
  • Austria Walter Werginz (Austria)
  • Egypt Abdel-Karim Sakr (Egypt)
  • Finland Ernst Grönlund (Finland)
  • Finland William Kanerva (Finland)
  • Finland Pentti Larvo (Finland)
  • Germany Franz Elbern (Germany)
  • United Kingdom Bertram Clements (Great Britain)
  • United Kingdom John Dodds (Great Britain)
  • United Kingdom Lester Finch (Great Britain)
  • United Kingdom Edgar Shearer (Great Britain)
  • Italy Giulio Cappelli (Italy)
  • Italy Alfonso Negro (Italy)
  • Japan Shogo Kamo (Japan)
  • Japan Akira Matsunaga (Japan)
  • Japan Tokutaro Ukon (Japan)
  • Norway Reidar Kvammen (Norway)
  • Peru Jorge Alcalde (Peru)
  • Poland Teodor Peterek (Poland)
  • Poland Ryszard Piec (Poland)

Quick View

 

Finals.

Game date time team 1 score team 2 HT att.
Final 15.08 17:00 Italy 2-1E Austria 0-0 90,000
3-4 13.08 17:00 Norway 3-2 Poland 2-2 105,000

Semi-Finals (1/2).

Game date time team 1 score team 2 HT att.
1/2 10.08 17:00 Italy 2-1E Norway 1-0 90,000
1/2 11.08 17:00 Austria 3-1 Poland 1-0  
Final Ranking p w d l gf ga
1. Italy 8 4 0 0 13: 2
2. Austria 4 2 0 2 9: 8
3. Norway 6 3 0 1 10: 4
4. Poland 4 2 0 2 11: 10
eliminated in Quarter-Finals.
5. Peru 4 2 0 0 11: 5
5. Germany 2 1 0 1 9: 2
5. Great Britain 2 1 0 1 6: 5
5. Japan 2 1 0 1 3: 10
eliminated in Semi-Finals.
9. Egypt 0 0 0 1 1: 3
9. Sweden 0 0 0 1 2: 3
9. Finland 0 0 0 1 3: 7
9. United States 0 0 0 1 0: 1
9. China 0 0 0 1 0: 2
9. Hungary 0 0 0 1 0: 3
9. Turkey 0 0 0 1 0: 4
9. Luxembourg 0 0 0 1 0: 9

Quarter-Finals (1/4).

Game date time team 1 score team 2 HT att.
1/4 07.08 17:30 Italy 8-0 Japan 2-0 10,000
1/4 07.08 17:30 Norway 2-0 Germany 1-0 50,000
1/4 08.08 17:30 Poland 5-4 Great Britain 2-1  
1/4 08.08 17:30 Peru 4-2E Austria 2-2  

Eight-Finals (1/8).

Game date time team 1 score team 2 HT att.
Italy path.
1/8 03.08 17:30 Italy 1-0 United States 0-0  
1/8 04.08 17:30 Japan 3-2 Sweden 0-2 3,000
1/8 03.08 17:30 Norway 4-0 Turkey 1-0  
1/8 06.08 17:30 Germany 9-0 Luxembourg 2-0  
Austria path.
1/8 06.08 17:30 Great Britain 2-0 China 0-0  
1/8 05.08 17:30 Poland 3-0 Hungary 2-0  
1/8 04.08 17:30 Peru 7-3 Finland 3-1 2,500
1/8 05.08 17:30 Austria 3-1 Egypt 2-0  

All matches list

Game date time team 1 score team 2 HT att.
1/8 03.08 17:30 Italy 1-0 United States 0-0  
1/8 03.08 17:30 Norway 4-0 Turkey 1-0  
1/8 04.08 17:30 Peru 7-3 Finland 3-1 2,500
1/8 04.08 17:30 Japan 3-2 Sweden 0-2 3,000
1/8 05.08 17:30 Poland 3-0 Hungary 2-0  
1/8 05.08 17:30 Austria 3-1 Egypt 2-0  
1/8 06.08 17:30 Great Britain 2-0 China 0-0  
1/8 06.08 17:30 Germany 9-0 Luxembourg 2-0  
1/4 07.08 17:30 Italy 8-0 Japan 2-0 10,000
1/4 07.08 17:30 Norway 2-0 Germany 1-0 50,000
1/4 08.08 17:30 Peru 4-2E Austria 2-2  
1/4 08.08 17:30 Poland 5-4 Great Britain 2-1  
1/2 10.08 17:30 Italy 2-1E Norway 1-0 90,000
1/2 11.08 17:30 Austria 3-1 Poland 1-0  
3-4 13.08 17:30 Norway 3-2 Poland 2-2 105,000
Final 15.08 17:30 Italy 2-1E Austria 0-0 90,000
 
 
 
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