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1968  Mexico City Summer Olympics

1968 Summer Olympics - Olympic Venues

Venues of the 1968 Summer Olympics

 

 For the 1968 Summer Olympics, a total of twenty-five sports venues were used. Most of the venues were constructed after Mexico City was awarded the 1968 Games. Mexican efforts in determining wind measurement led to sixteen world records in athletics at the University Olympic Stadium. All four of the football venues used for these games would also be used for both of the occurrences that Mexico hosted the FIFA World Cup, in 1970 and 1986. 

Before the Olympics

Mexico City hosted the Pan American Games in 1955. The city submitted its bid for the 1968 Summer Games to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in December 1962 and was awarded the games ten months later at the IOC meeting in Baden-Baden, West Germany (Germany since October 1990). Critical path method was used with the help of computers to guide through 88 separate projects related to the 1968 Games. The Olympic Stadium was constructed in 1952 for the 1955 Pan American Games. Most of the venues were constructed from the late 1950s to September 1968.

During the Olympics

Wind measurement at the Olympic Stadium along with the 2,245 m (7,365 ft) altitude were factors in the number of world records set there. The International Association of Athletics Federations (then International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF)) has rules to where the maximum allowed wind speed is 2.0 m/s (4.5 mph). World records were set in the men's 100 m, men's 200 m, men's 400 m, men's 800 m, men's 110 m hurdles, men's 400 m hurdles, men's 4 x 100 m relay, men's 4 x 400 m relay, men's long jump, men's triple jump, women's 100 m, women's 200 m, women's 800 m, women's 80 m hurdles, women's 4 x 100 m relay, and the women's long jump. Mexico's methods of wind measurement had readings of the women's 200 m was exactly 2.0 m/s. This same recording of exactly 2.0 m/s was registered in the men's long jump when American Bob Beamon made his famous 8.90 m (29 ft 2 in) jump. It was also the same exact wind reading during the men's triple jump when Brazil's Nelson Prudencio and Viktor Saneyev of the Soviet Union set their world record jumps.

After the Olympics

All four of the football venues would act as stadia for the FIFA World Cup when it came to Mexico in 1970. Aztec Stadium would host the final between Brazil and Italy.

The canoeing and rowing course would host the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships in 1974 and 1994.

When the Pan American Games returned to Mexico City in 1975, Aztec Stadium served as the ceremonies venue.

In 1986, the FIFA World Cup returned to Mexico and the four football stadiums used for the 1968 Games and 1970 WC were used again as stadia along with the Olympic Stadium. Aztec Stadium became the first (and as of the 2018 FIFA World Cup, only) venue to host the FIFA World Cup final twice when it hosted the final between Argentina and West Germany.

Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara served as a football venue for the 2011 Pan American Games.

  

Venues

VenueSportsCapacity
Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome Cycling (track) 3,000
Arena México Boxing 16,236
Avándaro Golf Club Equestrian (eventing) Not listed.
Campo Marte Equestrian (dressage, jumping individual) 7,885 (jumping)
4,990 (dressage)
Campo Militar 1 Modern pentathlon (riding, running) Not listed.
Club de Yates de Acapulco Sailing Not listed.
Estadio Azteca Football (final) 104,000
Estadio Cuauhtémoc (Puebla) Football preliminaries 35,563
Estadio Jalisco (Guadalajara) Football preliminaries 31,891
Estadio Nou Camp (León) Football preliminaries 23,609
Estadio Olímpico Universitario Athletics (includes 20 km and 50 km walks), Ceremonies (opening/ closing), Equestrian (jumping team) 83,700
Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall Fencing, Modern pentathlon (fencing) 3,000
Francisco Márquez Olympic Pool Diving, Modern pentathlon (swimming), Swimming, Water polo 15,000
Arena Insurgentes Wrestling 3,386
Insurgentes Theater Weightlifting 1,100
Juan de la Barrera Olympic Gymnasium Volleyball 5,242
Juan Escutia Sports Palace Basketball, Volleyball 22,370
Municipal Stadium Field hockey 7,360
National Auditorium Gymnastics 12,450
Arena Revolución Volleyball 1,500
Satellite Circuit Cycling (road) Not listed
University City Swimming Pool Water polo 4,993
Vicente Suárez Shooting Range Modern pentathlon (shooting), Shooting Not listed.
Virgilio Uribe Rowing and Canoeing Course Canoeing, Rowing 17,600
Zócalo Athletics (marathon start) Not listed
  

Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome

 The Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome is a velodrome located in the Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City sports complex located in Mexico City, Mexico. It hosted the track cycling events for the 1968 Summer Olympics.  
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Arena México

 
Arena México is an indoor arena in Mexico City, Mexico, located in the Colonia Doctores neighborhood in the Cuauhtémoc borough. The arena is primarily used for professional wrestling, or lucha libre, shows promoted by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL). The building is called the "cathedral of lucha libre". Arena México has a seating capacity of 16,500 when configured for professional wrestling or boxing events. The current building was completed in 1956, built by Salvador Lutteroth, owner of CMLL at the time and is the largest arena built specifically for wrestling. The building was used as the venue for the boxing competition at the 1968 Summer Olympics, and throughout the last half of the 20th century hosted several large boxing events
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The location on calle Doctor Lavista #203, Col. Doctores on the intersection of Dr.Rafael Lucio, Dr. Carmona and Valle, was originally an all-purpose arena called Arena Modelo. Arena Modelo was built in the 1910s or 1920s for boxing events. By the early 1930s the arena was abandoned until professional wrestling promoter Salvador Lutteroth began promoting wrestling, or Lucha libre events in Arena Modelo on September 21, 1933. For the next ten years it served as the main venue for Lutteroth's promotion Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre (EMLL) until Lutteroth commissioned the construction of "Arena Coliseo" in Mexico City. After Arena Coliseo opened in 1943, Arena Model served as the location for EMLL's wrestling school. By 1953 even Arena Coliseo was too small for the crowds EMLL's shows were attracting, Lutteroth promised to "build the largest wrestling arena in the world" on the site of Arena Modelo and construction started not long after.

Arena México, as it was renamed, stood complete in 1956 and is still the largest arena built specifically for professional wrestling. From 1956 and forward Arena México has been the main venue for EMLL and all of their Anniversary shows. In 1968 it was selected to be the location of the boxing competition at the 1968 Summer Olympics that was held in Mexico City. Since its construction, Arena Mexico had been hosting boxing shows on a regular basis and following the refurbishment for the Olympic Games, several major boxing events have been held at Arena Mexico, hosting several world title bouts. In 1990 EMLL was renamed Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL), retaining ownership of the arena.

Avándaro Golf Club

 

Avándaro Golf Club (Spanish: Club de Golf Avandaro) is a golf course located in the Valle de Bravo state of Mexico. Located 110 mi (180 km) west of Mexico City, it hosted the eventing portion of the equestrian competition for the 1968 Summer Olympics.

During the 1968 Games, the club had stables for 120 horses to have the event on the course and the neighboring countryside.

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Campo Marte

 

Campo Marte is a venue under the administration of the Secretariat of National Defense. It is used for military and government events, as well as equestrian events. Campo Marte is located next to the National Auditorium in Chapultepec Park, Mexico City.

It hosted the dressage and individual jumping events of the equestrian competitions for the 1968 Summer Olympics

Campo Militar 1

 
Campo Militar 1 (English: Military Camp 1) is a military installation located between Conscripto and Zapadores Avenue and the Belt Freeway in Mexico City. For the 1968 Summer Olympics, it hosted the riding and running portions of the modern pentathlon competition.
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Club de Yates de Acapulco

 

Club de Yates de Acapulco (English: Acapulco Yacht Club) is a yacht club located in Acapulco, Mexico. Opened in December 1955, it served as host of the sailing events for the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City.

Since the 1968 Games, the yacht club continues to serve as a sailing venue
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Estadio Azteca

 
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The Estadio Azteca (Spanish pronunciation: [esˈtaðjo asˈteka]) is a multi purpose stadium located in Mexico City. It is the official home stadium of the association football team Club América, and the Mexico national team. The stadium sits at an altitude of 7,200 feet (2195 meters) above sea level. With an official capacity of 87,523, it is the largest stadium in Mexico. As of 2018, the stadium also serves as the home of Cruz Azul.[6]

Regarded as one of the most famous and iconic football stadiums in the world, it is the first to have hosted two FIFA World Cup Finals; in the 1970 World Cup Final, Brazil defeated Italy 4–1, and in the 1986 World Cup Final, Argentina defeated West Germany 3–2. It also hosted the 1986 quarter-final match between Argentina and England in which Diego Maradona scored both the "Hand of God goal" and the "Goal of the Century". The stadium also hosted the "Game of the Century", when Italy defeated West Germany 4–3 in extra time in one of the 1970 semifinal matches.

The stadium was also the principal venue for the football tournament of the 1968 Summer Olympics

The Estadio Azteca was designed by architects Pedro Ramírez Vázquez and Rafael Mijares Alcérreca and broke ground in 1961. The inaugural match was between Club América and Torino F.C. on 29 May 1966, with a capacity for 107,494 spectators

 

Estadio Cuauhtémoc

 
 

Estadio Cuauhtémoc has been the home for Puebla F.C. for the last 40 years and has witnessed various national and international tournaments the stadium has located in Puebla, Puebla Mexico.[citation needed]

The Stadium was originally designed in 1965 by architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, who also designed El Estadio Azteca and the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe.[citation needed]

It was inaugurated on October 6, 1968 during the pre-inauguration of the 1968 Summer Olympics. It is named after the Mexican brewery Cuauhtémoc-Moctezuma, who paid for most of the construction
 
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Estadio Jalisco

 

The Jalisco Stadium is a football stadium located in Guadalajara, Mexico. It is the third largest Mexican football stadium behind Estadio Azteca and Estadio Olímpico Universitario. The facility is located in the city of Guadalajara, Jalisco, 400 kilometers north-west of Mexico City, and has a maximum capacity of 55,110 spectators.

Estadio Jalisco was the home ground of Guadalajara, one of the oldest football teams in Mexico, until 2010. It remains the home stadium of Club Atlas in the Liga MX and Club Universidad de Guadalajara in the Ascenso MX. Several football preliminary matches took place for the 1968 Summer Olympics

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Estadio León

 

The Estadio León, unofficially known as Nou Camp, is a mid-sized football stadium with a seating capacity of 31,297 built in 1967, and located in the city of León, Guanajuato, in the Bajío region of central Mexico. This sport facility is used mostly for football matches and is the home of the Club León.

Because of its excellent location and facilities, this stadium hosted matches for the 1970 FIFA World Cup, 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship, and the 1986 FIFA World Cup. It also hosted football matches during the 1968 Summer Olympics. During those games, it seated 23,609
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Estadio Olímpico Universitario

 
 azteca.JPG
  

Estadio Olímpico Universitario is a multi-purpose stadium located in Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City. It was built in 1952 and at that time was the largest stadium in Mexico. This stadium has a capacity of 72,000. The first major event held in the stadium was the 1955 Pan American Games. During the 1950s and the 1960s this stadium was used mostly for college American football matches between the largest Mexican public universities at the time: UNAM and IPN. From the late 1950s it was used for football matches, some American football matches and athletics contests. American architect Frank Lloyd Wright called it "the most important building in the modern America".

The Olímpico Universitario hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics; for the event the seating capacity was increased from 70,000 to 83,700 spectators (without substantially modifying the original structure) to cover the IOC requirements for an Olympic stadium. It was the location of the track & field competitions, equestrian events, certain association football matches, the arrival of the marathon and the opening & closing ceremonies. This was the Olympics in which Tommie Smith and John Carlos protested against the treatment of African Americans in the United States by performing a black power salute during the medal ceremony for the 200m. The stadium also hosted several games of the 1986 FIFA World Cup, but the final match was played in the bigger Estadio Azteca in Mexico City.

The Tartan track was the first All-weather running track to be used in the Olympics. Such a track is now a requirement.

 

Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall

 
 

The Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall is an indoor sports venue located in the Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City area of Mexico City. It hosted the fencing competitions and the fencing part of the modern pentathlon competition of the 1968 Summer Olympics.

The Olympic Fencing Hall was built between November 13, 1967, and September, 1968, in the Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City. The 310-by-210-foot rectangular structure is covered by a convex roof of corrugated asbestos supported by steel cables. The ground floor had 15 fencing strips—each of which was provided with a two-sided scoreboard, a judges' podium and a control table—and 37 cubicles for competitors. On the south side were facilities for the press, dressing rooms, etc. The north side housed offices, a lounge, a warm-up area and additional dressing rooms and service areas. On the upper floor were grandstands with a seating capacity of 3,000.

 
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Alberca Olímpica Francisco Márquez

   

The Alberca Olímpica Francisco Márquez is an indoor swimming pool Olympic facility located in Mexico City, Mexico. It has a capacity of 4,300.

It hosted the 1968 Summer Olympics for competitions of swimming, diving, water polo, and the swimming part of modern pentathlon. The only Mexican gold medal in Olympic swimming competitions was won at this site. It was won by Felipe Muñoz in the 200 metres men breast stroke competition. Recently viewed from the highway, it has a playing field for football next to it. It has aged gracefully.

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Insurgentes Ice Rink

The Insurgentes Ice Rink is an indoor arena located in Mexico City that hosted the wrestling competitions for the 1968 Summer Olympics.
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Teatro de los Insurgentes

 
 

Teatro de los Insurgentes (English: Theater of the Insurgents) is a theater located on Mexico City's Avenida de los Insurgentes.


It was built by José María Dávila in 1953 as part of President Miguel Alemán's program of urban renewal. Dávila commissioned muralist Diego Rivera to paint La historia del teatro, a visual history of the theatre in Mexico on the building's façade. The Marxist artist placed the character of Cantinflas in the center of the mural in the form of a Robin Hood figure, distributing the wealth of the rich to the poor.

The theater's inaugural performance was Cantinflas' elaborate return to the stage after considerable success in films. The work, Yo, Colón, placed Cantinflas in the role of the Paseo de la Reforma statue of Christopher Columbus, who came to life and made candid "discoveries" about contemporary Mexican society.

It hosted the weightlifting competitions for the 1968 Summer Olympics.

 
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Gimnasio Olímpico Juan de la Barrera

 
The Gimnasio Olímpico Juan de la Barrera is an indoor arena located in Mexico City, Mexico. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, it hosted the volleyball competitions. It is currently the home of professional basketball team, Capitanes de Ciudad de México. The arena sits 5,242 people in two stand levels. It is located next to the olympic pool. For years it has been the traditional home of professional basketball in Mexico City.
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Palacio de los Deportes

 

Palacio de los Deportes (English: Palace of Sports) is an indoor arena located in Mexico City, Mexico. It is within the Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City complex , near the Mexico City International Airport and in front of the Foro Sol, in which sports and artistic events are also celebrated. It is operated by Grupo CIE. The arena seats 20,000, and the overall capacity is approximately 26,000.

It hosted the 1968 Mexico City Olympic Games for the competitions of basketball and can be used to host volleyball and basketball matches.
Palacio de los Deportes.JPG

Estadio Jesús Martínez "Palillo"

 

The Estadio Jesús Martínez "Palillo" is a multi-use stadium located in the Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City in Mexico City. It is currently used mostly for American football matches and is the home stadium of two of the Liga de Fútbol Americano Profesional's six teams. The stadium has a capacity of 6,000 people

The Estadio Municipal, as well as two adjoining fields in the Sports City, hosted the field hockey competitions of the 1968 Summer Olympics. For the Games, the 6,160-seat capacity of the roofed grandstands was augmented by additional temporary stands, with approximately 1,200 seats, installed in the end zones. Rest areas for athletes, dressing rooms, showers and a cafeteria were located in a building adjacent to the stadium. The playing field was conditioned in accordance with the regulations of the International Hockey Federation

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Auditorio Nacional

 

National Auditorium (Spanish: Auditorio Nacional) is an entertainment center at Paseo de la Reforma #50, Chapultepec in Mexico City.

The National Auditorium is considered among the world's best venues by specialized media. It was designed by Mexican architects Pedro Ramírez Vázquez and Gonzalo Ramírez del Sordo, and remodeled by Abraham Zabludovsky and Teodoro González de León. There are concerts, art, theatre, dance and more.

It also has a small venue available for smaller events, called Auditorio Lunario. The total seating capacity of 10,000.

Ciudad de Mexico - 1194 - Auditorio Nacional.jpg
Constructed in 1952, it was used for volleyball and basketball matches of the 1954 Central American and Caribbean Games and had seen performances of the San Francisco Ballet and New York Philharmonic in 1958. The auditorium was the venue for the gymnastics events at the 1968 Summer Olympics.

Revolution Ice Rink

 
Revolution Ice Rink is an indoor arena located in Mexico City. The rink hosted some of the volleyball competitions for the 1968 Summer Olympics.

Satellite Circuit

 

The Satellite Circuit was a temporary cycling venue constructed for the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. This venue hosted the road cycling individual road race and road team time trial events for those games.

It was a 24.525 km (15.239 mi) long lap, considered quite hilly, and located in downtown Mexico City.

University City Swimming Pool

 
The University City Swimming Pool is located on the Ciudad Universitaria campus of UNAM in Mexico City. For the 1968 Summer Olympics, it hosted some of the water polo competitions.

Vicente Suárez Shooting Range

 
The Vicente Suárez Shooting Range was a temporary firing range constructed in Campo Militar 1 for the 1968 Summer Olympics. During those games, it hosted all of the shooting events, the first time the competitions took place at the same location since 1928. It also hosted the shooting part of the modern pentathlon competition.

 

 

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