Sport-Olympic.com

  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

1980  Moscow Summer Olympics

1980 Summer Olympics - Opening & Closing Ceremony

1980 Opening Ceremony

 

  The Opening Ceremony of the 1980 Summer Olympics was the official opening ceremony held in the afternoon at 16:00 Moscow Time (UTC+3) on 19 July 1980 in the Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium. It was attended by the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Leonid Brezhnev, and IOC President Lord Killanin.
  
Opening ceremony of the 1980 Summer Olympics at the Central Lenin Stadium. RIAN photo.
  

Sequence of events

  • Countdown of Kremlin Clock chimes at 16:00 Moscow Time.
  • Fanfare by the Herald Trumpeters: "Moscow Fanfare" by Soviet musician and composer A. Golovin.
  • Introduction of the Soviet leader, Leonid Brezhnev.
  • Playing of the national anthem of the Soviet Union. The card stunt displays the coat of arms of the USSR.
  • Chariots: Parade of Greek chariots in the stadium, followed by red flags with the emblem of the Moscow Olympics on them. The song "Stadium of my Dreams" (Russian: Стадион моей мечты, Stadion moyey mechti) was heard.
  • Parade of nations. Greece enters first, the Soviet Union last. Other delegations enter in Cyrillic alphabetical order
  • Welcoming remarks by the chairman of the Moscow Olympic Organizing Committee "OCOG-80", Ignati Novikov.
  • Speech by the President of the International Olympic Committee, Lord Killanin, his final Olympic Opening Ceremony speech.
  • Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev announced the opening of the Olympic Games.
  • Handover of the Olympic flag by Stéphane Préfontaine and Sandra Henderson (1976 Montreal Olympic Games Final Torch Bearers) representing the Mayor of Montreal, Jean Drapeau. Although Drapeau wished to attend, the boycott was supported by the Canadian government which made it impossible for him to accept the invitation. The flag was received by IOC President Killanin, who passed it to the First Secretary of the Moscow gorkom of the CPSU, Viktor Grishin.
Olympic Flag in the stadium. RIAN photo.
 
  • Entry of the Olympic Flag. The flag was carried by eight Masters of Sports of the USSR accompanied by 22 others. The flag was raised to the Olympic Anthem, sung in Russian.
  • Entrance of the Olympic flame.
    • The flame was carried into the stadium by triple jumper Viktor Saneyev.
    • The last runner was Sergei Belov, a member of the Soviet Union national basketball team. Belov ascended to the cauldron through a path of cards created by the card stunt.
  • Olympic Oath, taken by gymnast Nikolai Andrianov.
  • Judges Oath, taken by wrestling referee Alexander Medved.
  • Exit of athletes.
  • Salyut 6 crew Leonid Popov and Valery Ryumin sent their greetings to the Olympians and wished them happy starts in the live communication between the station and the Central Lenin Stadium. They appeared on the stadium's scoreboard and their voices were translated via loud speakers.
  • Artistic performance.
  • Friendship of the Peoples: A dance suite featuring the traditional dances of the 15 Soviet republics. The Russian finale also featured troikas and a final performance by the performers from all the republics (to the tune of the Russian folk song Kalinka). The song "Wide Is My Motherland" (Широка страна моя родная, from the movie Circus) was also heard at the beginning and end of the suite.
  • Gymnasts' performance, including ribbon, ball and pommel horse displays.
  • Misha: Scores of performers donned as Misha, the Moscow Olympics mascot, dance in the stadium field

 File:RIAN archive 8775 Opening of XXII Olympics.jpg

 Friendship of the Peoples dance suite. RIAN photo.

  • Children's performance, beginning with a boys' pole horse performance, followed by a girls' doll performance. Gymnastic maneuvers were done by the performance in each part of the segment, which ended with the boys and girls mixed together, forming groups of "troikas", then leaving the scene.
  • Performance of acrobats and trampoline gymnastics display.
  • Appearance of five pillars in the configuration of the Olympic Rings. Each pillar held performers forming "human vases". Eugen Doga's famous wedding waltz from the 1978 movie "A Hunting Accident" could be heard throughout this segment. The same music would later be used during the opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.
  • Finale: Performers from throughout the opening ceremony re-entered the stadium as the Moscow Olympics' theme song "Moscow Gives the Start" (Старт даёт Москва, Start dayot Moskva) was sung, and would later exit again. Balloons were released. The card stunt at this time was showing the Moscow 1980 Olympic logo.
  • Both the opening and closing ceremonies were shown in Yuri Ozerov's 1981 film O, Sport, You - the Peace! (Russian: О спорт, ты - мир!).

1980 Summer Olympics closing ceremony

The Closing Ceremony of the 1980 Summer Olympics was held at 19:00 Moscow Time (UTC+3) on 3 August 1980 at the Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium. It was attended by the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Leonid Brezhnev. IOC President Lord Killanin closed the Games for the final time and passed the position on to Juan Antonio Samaranch.

As with other Olympic closing ceremonies held before and after, it was also originally planned to include the traditional handover to the next host city for the 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles. However, the United States-led boycott resulted in changes to these elements, initiated by a host nation. Among them, the flag of Los Angeles was raised instead of the flag of the next host nation, the flag of the United States; the Olympic Hymn was played in place of the United States National Anthem; and the next host city presentation, featuring artistic displays of dance and theater representative of Los Angeles and the United States, was removed from the ceremony's programme.

Sequence of events

  • Countdown of Kremlin Clock chimes at 19:00 Moscow Time.
  • Fanfare by the Herald Trumpeters: "Moscow Fanfare" by Soviet musician and composer A. Golovin
  • Vertical Red flags with the emblem of the Moscow Olympics on them entered, along with marshals and linemen. The Card stunt was then showing the Moscow Olympics logo, with rays spreading from it.
  • Flag bearers enter the stadium.
  • Athletes enter the stadium.
  • Athletes gather in the stadium, as gymnasts and performers carrying multicoloured vertical flags enter.
  • Raising of the Greek national flag, to the Greek national anthem.
  • Raising of the Soviet national flag, to the Soviet national anthem.
  • Speech by the IOC President Lord Killanin, in English. He closes the Games, and bids for "the youth of the world to assemble four years from now in Los Angeles". This was his final Olympic message as IOC President as the position was passed on to Juan Antonio Samaranch.
  • Lowering of the Olympic flag and singing of the Olympic Anthem (in Greek, rather than Russian) performed by the same musical ensemble and using the same arrangement as the opening ceremony 15 days earlier.
  • Extinguishing of the Olympic Flame, following a depiction (at the card stunt) of a "fading light" sourced from the flame.
  • Exit of the Olympic flag, to the tune of Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" and amidst fireworks.
  • Exit of the athletes, marshals, multicoloured flag bearers, and gymnasts. This was followed by the card stunt feature "Crying Misha" which depicts Misha crying at the same time.
  • Artistic performances follow the ceremony proper.
    • Performance by the Massed Military Bands of the Moscow Military District, Armed Forces of the USSR, conducted by the Senior Director of Music of the Armed Forces Bands Service, Major General Nikolai Mikhailov
    • Performance of gymnasts, acrobats and ribbon ballet dancers, eventually forming a picture frame (with the gymnasts as the frame itself, and the acrobats and dances inside it).
    • Giant Matryoshka dolls entered, taking places in each side of the stadium.
    • Dance performance by performers representing some of the Soviet Union's ethnic groups and peoples.
    • The Grand Finale: Misha's head appeared on the card stunt. A giant effigy of Misha, mounted on balloons, then entered the stadium.
    • Following this: the singing of the finale song "Farewell, Moscow" (Russian: До свиданья, Москва, tr. Do svidanya, Moskva). The song was sung by Lev Leshchenko and Tatiana Ansiferova.
    • The Misha effigy was then released into the sky while in the final seconds of the song as the audience gave a loud applause.
    • Performers waltz and dance in a farewell celebration. A fireworks display then happened around the Central Lenin Stadium grounds, the second such display during the ceremony. Afterwards, amidst the fireworks lighting up the night sky, all the performers exit with the song "Stadium of my Dreams" (Russian: Стадион моей мечты, tr. Stadion moyey mechti) playing in the background with a highlights video of the Olympiad playing in the scoreboard.

Anthems

  • Red Army Choir – Greek national anthem
  • Red Army Choir – Soviet national anthem
  • Red Army Choir and the Bolshoi Theater Chorus – Olympic Hymn

Legacy

Both the opening and closing ceremonies were shown in Yuri Ozerov's 1981 film O, Sport, You - the Peace! (Russian: О спорт, ты - мир!) covering the highlights of that Olympiad.

A short clip of the 1980 Summer Olympics closing ceremony of Misha's departure was shown in the closing ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics, afterward the polar bear mascot blew out the 2014 Games Olympic torch and sheds a tear (in a nod to Misha's tears during the end of the 1980 Games)

 

Real time web analytics, Heat map tracking

Olympic Games

Full

Results

All Events

 

You are here: Home Olympic Games Modern Olympic Games Summer Olympic Games 1980  Moscow Summer Olympics 1980 Summer Olympics - Opening & Closing Ceremony